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Ana E. Juncos

states remain the ‘master of the treaties’, their capacity to shape political outcomes might be undermined by the autonomous activity of bureaucratic organisations. Let us begin by examining the early years of European foreign policy: European Political Cooperation. Looking back to the origins: the institutionalisation of EPC The establishment of EPC, launched

in EU Foreign and Security Policy in Bosnia
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European integration as a system of conflict resolution in the Franco-German relationship (1950–63)
Boyka Stefanova

integration to European politics and societies. A specific feature of the Franco-German relationship is the historical continuity of enmity and war. Rivalry dates back to the division of Charlemagne’s Carolingian Empire in the early ninth century and the creation of the contested middle realm of Lorraine. Later the Treaty of Westphalia gave France limited control over Alsace and

in The Europeanisation of conflict resolution
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Europeanisation breakthrough
Boyka Stefanova

direct EC competences. 5 The resolutions were at odds with the foundational premise that the domestic politics of the member states remained outside political discussion at the EC level. Such instruments had a limited impact as they failed to engage a process of political coordination reserved for the mechanism of European Political Cooperation at the time. 6 The EP was at the origin of an EC policy process on the

in The Europeanisation of conflict resolution
Mark Webber

international and specifically European politics the Cold War in this volume is regarded as extending from the breakdown of post-War Soviet–Allied cooperation (roughly in 1946–47) to the years 1989–91 when the essential features of Cold War rivalry were dismantled. 6 J.L. Gaddis, We Now Know: Rethinking Cold

in Inclusion, exclusion and the governance of European Security
Charlotte Wagnsson

events of 11 September 2001 prompted a reconsideration of norms and rules for action. In the USA, a number of the rules of international conduct were henceforth ignored. The US administration claimed that the USA was at war. In Europe, political leaders also had to adjust to the fact that a largely unknown enemy with an extraordinary capacity to create chaos now threatened traditional states and their

in Security in a greater Europe
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Ana E. Juncos

establishment of European Political Cooperation (EPC) in the late 1960s. Two conclusions can be deduced from this account. First, CFSP institutionalisation has increased over time as shown by the establishment and development of bureaucratic organisations, formal rules and the informal norms shared among policymakers. Second, CFSP institutionalisation has developed by default rather than design. In this regard

in EU Foreign and Security Policy in Bosnia
A dialogue with Islam as a pattern of conflict resolution and a security approach vis-à-vis Islamism
Bassam Tibi

that process elevates religion to an issue of security, and that compels us to put it on our agenda in the study of IR. 2 Despite September 11 the main security threat of the Islamists is related to domestic order. This explains why Arab governments themselves feel threatened by Islamism and why, therefore, Islamists encounter hostility in their own countries and therefore seek political asylum in Europe

in Redefining security in the Middle East
Disaster management
Charlotte Heath-Kelly

scenarios serves to provide clues about the future event. In the City of Sunderland’s joint response exercise, the introductory preamble contained a vague reference to ‘East European political issues’ – which was later revealed to be a crucial detail once the exercise focused upon a lorry carrying chemicals that was found to have Polish registration (Aradau and Van Munster 2012 ). The explorations of

in Death and security
Implications for neutrality and sovereignty
Christine Agius

figures in the ÖVP claiming that amendments to the Austrian constitution in 1998 to allow participation in peacekeeping operations mean that neutrality is flexible in interpretation and would permit mutual guarantees. A survey conducted by the Austrian Society for European Politics found in February 2004 that 75 per cent favoured an EU army ( EU Observer , 20/02/04). In Finland

in The social construction of Swedish neutrality
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Boyka Stefanova

great France and a spiritually great Germany. Winston Churchill 1 European integration as a peace project The proposition that European integration may be historically relevant to conflict resolution is not new. Integration is inseparable from the intellectual traditions of European political thought in search of new

in The Europeanisation of conflict resolution