A perfect companion to European politics today, written by the same authors, this
book presents past events, prominent personalities, important dates,
organisations and electoral information in an accessible, easy-to-read format.
The book is split into five sections for ease of use: a dictionary of
significant political events, a chronology of major events in Europe since 1945,
a biographical dictionary, a dictionary of political organisations and electoral
data. In addition to being a comprehensive reference tool, this book is intended
to provide a sound historical background to the development of Western European
This book seeks to review the state of political issues early in the twenty-first century, when New Labour is in its second term of office. As part of the updating process it became necessary to choose which political issues are important. The book includes the main issues which appear in current Advanced Level Politics syllabuses. In the case of Edexcel, which offers a specific political issues option in its A2 specification, all the specified issues have been included. The book deals with the process of constitutional and political change which are issues in themselves. It also includes material on constitutional reform (incorporating the recent development of human rights in Britain), and devolution. The book includes the global recession and other recent political developments and looks at the important issues in British politics since 1945. It examines the key issues of British politics today: economic policy, the Welfare State, law and order, environment policy, Northern Ireland, issues concerning women, European integration and the European Union, and the impact of the European Union on Britain. The book also deals with the European Union and Britain's relationship to it. Finally, it must be emphasised that Britain's relationship to the European Union is in itself a political issue which has fundamentally changed the party system.
An Interview with Caroline Abu Sa’Da, General Director of SOS MEDITERRANEE
crossing the Med. Caroline Abu Sa’Da is General Director of its Swiss branch.
Juliano Fiori: SOS is very much a product of contemporary Europe. It’s a
civic response to refugees and migrants in the Med but also to nationalistic politics, or to the
return of nationalist movements to the forefront of Europeanpolitics. How, then, does SOS differ
from European humanitarian NGOs founded in past decades?
Caroline Abu Sa’Da: SOS is a European citizen movement. Besides our
search-and-rescue activities, we aim to give to the greatest number of
Ukrainian Minister of Defence, Oleksii Reznikov, had declared that a ‘major war
in Ukraine’ would lead to three to five million Ukrainian refugees ( Reznikov, 2021 ). This prediction was part of
Reznikov’s warning that a war in Ukraine ‘would plunge the whole of Europe
into crisis’ and his attempt to raise support among Europeanpolitical leaders in
the face of the Russian threats. Without referring to Reznikov’s prediction, the
Biden administration announced at the beginning of February 2022 that a Russian
There has been a lot of talk about the European Union's so-called 'democratic deficit', by which is meant its lack of legitimacy in the eyes of its citizens. This book provides a critical analysis of the democratic stalemate in European politics. It argues that the root of the 'democratic deficit' has more to do with the domestic political fields of the Union's member-states and the structure of the evolving European political field than with the relationships between supranational institutions. The book analyses the complex ways 'Europe' is integrated into domestic politics and shows how domestic political fields and cultures have prevented deepening integration. As a result of the formation of a European political field, political resources in European 'postnational' and 'postabsolutist' polities are being redistributed. The theory of structural constructivism proposed fuses French structural theories of politics and a 'bottom-up' approach to European integration. The book examines the relationship between French political traditions and the construction of a European security structure from the point of view of identity politics and the French post-imperialist syndrome. The educational and social homogeneity of French civil servants provides a political resource that certain individuals can use in Brussels, influencing the direction and form of European integration. Studying legislative legitimacy in the European Parliament elections, the book highlights that intellectuals are important players in French politics: the politics of the street has always been a key part of French political life.
assert that supranational structures determine the
nature of European integration. In reality, national and European interests
merge, as sometimes vehemently chauvinistic policies have been at the same
time fundamentally pro-European.
A closer look at both national and Europeanpolitics reveals that it is
misleading to examine one without examining the other because of their
increasing fusion (Mény 1996; Wessels 1997; Rosamond 1999; Chryssochoou
2001). The traces of the dichotomy between national and international politics
can be seen in the most knowledgeable studies
In this work, I set out to study the democratic stalemate in Europeanpolitics
through an examination of European integration as a general transformation of
practices, norms and identities. I conceptualised this process as that of the
structuration of an evolving, multilevelled Europeanpolitical field - a common
space for political action composed of a relatively heterogeneous supranational
level and more established national political fields - that is reinforcing specific
mental and objective structures of political domination. In this process
We are not in business at all; we are in politics. (Former President of the
EEC Commission Walter Hallstein, quoted in Swann 1990, vii)
There has been a lot of talk about the European Union's so-called 'democratic
deficit', by which is meant its lack of legitimacy in the eyes of its citizens. This
book provides a critical analysis of the democratic stalemate in Europeanpolitics. In contrast to most studies, however, this book argues that the root of
the 'democratic deficit' has more to do with the domestic political fields of the
many policy areas, and it has become, unlike the elitist
Commission, the voice of European peoples more than that of European
governments (Nugent 2003).
The European Parliament is a dominated element in the evolving Europeanpolitical field (see Chapter 1). The European Parliament is integrated into
national political fields following the two modalities exemplified by the Finnish
and French cases: annexation that extends political parties' power into European
elections and differentiation that applies a different political logic to national
and European elections
about the health implications of pollution in
the nineteenth and early twentieth century, but they were largely seen as
isolated examples. They tended to be dealt with by the creation of inspectorates, which were set up to regulate the activities of individual industries.
Understanding British and Europeanpolitical issues
Two early pieces of legislation which signalled the end of an ad hoc approach
to environmental issues were the Clean Air Acts of 1956 and 1968. This legislation applied to both individual households and to industry. They were