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James Greenhalgh

4 The spaces of everyday life In August 1946 Manchester Corporation concluded that, despite a series of measures taken over the previous decade, they could not prevent the damage caused by the inhabitants of the Wythenshawe estate walking on the grass verges that lined Princess Parkway.1 Although prickly bushes had been planted to deter pedestrians in 1937, the Corporation admitted that there was little further action they could take that would not defeat the aesthetic benefits they believed accrued from the landscaping of the roadside.2 The incident, one of

in Reconstructing modernity
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Panikos Panayi

months. Hundreds lost their lives for the cause in which they believed, as did their wives and children. While the advancement of medicine and hygiene by the end of the nineteenth century may have lessened the death rate, sickness remained a fact of everyday life. Housing Missionaries would have experienced the realities of life in India to a greater extent than

in The Germans in India
Tom Scriven

 4  45 2 Politics and everyday life in early Chartism Although the LWMA has often been regarded as elitist and reluctant to adopt a leadership position within organised Chartism, several key members –​in particular Henry Hetherington, John Cleave, and Henry Vincent –​ were instrumental in forming the organisational basis for Chartism outside of London.1 Born in Holborn in 1813, Vincent was the son of a Radical gold-​ and silversmith whose business failed when Henry was eight. In poverty, the family moved to Hull where Vincent was apprenticed as a compositor

in Popular virtue
Author: Caitriona Clear

Men and women who were born, grew up and died in Ireland between 1850 and 1922 made decisions—to train, to emigrate, to stay at home, to marry, to stay single, to stay at school—based on the knowledge and resources they had at the time. This, a comprehensive social history of Ireland for the years 1850–1922, explores that knowledge and discusses those resources, for men and women at all social levels on the island as a whole. Original research, particularly on extreme poverty and public health, is supplemented by neglected published sources, including local history journals, popular autobiography and newspapers. Folklore and Irish language sources are used extensively. The book reproduces the voices of the people and the stories of individuals whenever it can, and questions much of the accepted wisdom of Irish historiography over the previous five decades.

Martin Heale

The documents in this section illustrate the character of everyday monastic life in the later middle ages in the form of administrative records, most notably accounts and inventories.

in Monasticism in late medieval England, c. 1300–1535
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Continuity and change in Radical moral politics, 1820– 70
Author: Tom Scriven

This book is the first in-depth study of the changing nature of moral politics within working-class Radicalism between 1820 and 1870. It highlights how Radicalism's attitudes to morality and everyday life shifted from a festive and libertarian culture to a more austere and ascetic politics. This has been done through study of the lives, activism and intellectual influences of a number of key leaders of working-class Radicalism. This culture emphasized moral improvement, temperance and frugality after the 1840s. Although the London Working Men's Association (LWMA) has often been regarded as elitist and reluctant to adopt a leadership position within organised Chartism, several key members were instrumental in forming the organisational basis for Chartism outside of London. These tours illustrate how not only Vincent but many Chartist activists achieved success by adopting the festive and populist ethos evident amongst London Radicals. In reality the advocacy of teetotalism and education were part of a popular ethical turn within the movement, and O'Connor's attempts to present the danger of a split movement was 'artificial'. The principles and strategies that William Lovett and Henry Vincent developed over the course of 1840 became accepted as a core aspect of Chartist political culture. By 1842, Ethical Radicalism became hegemonic within the movement after 1842 largely because of the constitutional, peaceful, and moral politics of electoral interventions. Working-class moral politics was a product of working- class Radicalism in the first half of the century rather than a post- Chartist imposition.

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Tom Scriven

strategy of gradualist moral improvement became viewed as one of the few remaining viable spheres of working-​class political action. As much as this was a continuation of earlier working-​class ideas about education, improvement and social progress, it was also an abrupt shift away from the culture of early Chartism and the movement’s Radical antecedents. In the 1830s Radicalism incorporated many aspects of working-​class life, such as drinking, festivity, and sexual libertarianism, as a means of infusing politics into the everyday life of the working class. Bawdy

in Popular virtue
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Patrick Chaplin

recognised sports, and more than research up to now has suggested. Indeed, this book has been an extended argument about the enduring nature of the pub in inter-war popular culture. However, despite the work of David Gutzke, key areas of research into the public house remain, including the role of the publican/ landlord/landlady and the barmaid, and there is a need for more sustained enquiry into the continuing importance of the pub and the drink interest in English society. Whilst this book is centred upon darts – one of the small pleasures of everyday life during the

in Darts in England, 1900–39
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Richard Farmer

– or even outline in any detail what it is that they feel – it does offer some insight into how feelings affect actions. In the case of Britain during the Second World War, such actions have often been understood in terms of the direct contribution that an individual might make to the war effort – in terms of factory output, for example, or in the hours spent on Home Guard duty. But surely we should also consider the hundreds of prosaic and mundane activities that constitute everyday life. To attempt to maintain personal routine in the face of the disquieting

in Cinemas and cinemagoing in wartime Britain, 1939–45
Philip M. Taylor

in Russia in 1917 and which raged intermittently for the next 70 years, sometimes as open war, sometimes postponed, and mostly, since 1945, as Cold War. It was essentially a struggle between two diametrically opposed ideologies in which propaganda has always played a central role. The Bolshevik Revolution may well have taken Russia out of the First World War, but it also led to a new and significant development in the conduct of international affairs. After 1917, propaganda became a fact of everyday life. For Lenin and his successors, who owed so much to the

in Munitions of the Mind