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Technologies of Surveillance, Knowledge and Power in Paramount Budget Documents, 1927–58
William Thomas McClain

Film production at Paramount Pictures during the so-called classical era required the mobilisation of massive material and human capital that depended on institutional systems of surveillance, knowledge creation and control ranging from departmental affiliations to the pre-printed budget forms. This article focuses on those pre-printed budget forms as technologies of knowledge and power, revealing that the necessities of creating and managing coalitions of expert labourers created alternative power centres and spaces where being the object of surveillance was itself a source of power. It concludes by discussing the implications of this ecology for the historiography of Hollywood.

Film Studies
Abstract only
Byrne Katherine, Taddeo Julie Anne, and Leggott James

devastating effects of pandemics. This collection considers these key issues, alongside the appeal and popularity of the medical plot, and the way medicine has become ‘heritage’ due to its inclusion in period drama. Scope of the collection We begin with period dramas set in the early modern period of European, British, and American history, a time when medicine as a profession was coming into its own, as trained experts tried to

in Diagnosing history
Abstract only
Susan Hayward and Phil Powrie

economic experts as the best way of overcoming the crisis of European cinema. Seen by most film critics as the most Americanised filmmaker of his generation, Besson learned the rules of the contemporary film market with his own films, and applies them to the promotion of projects aimed at the international market. The production and distribution strategies of Besson’s companies reflect the coherence of a

in The films of Luc Besson
Martin O’Shaughnessy

developed (Burdeau and Thirion, 2008: 16–17). Bégaudeau’s original authorship was not simply reworked by Cantet and co-writer Campillo. It was opened up to the input of parents, teachers and, above all, children in a way that challenged any fixed authorial role. As elsewhere, when he had turned to amateur performers, Cantet trusted people to be experts on their own lives and to use their experience to inform their roles. Describing his work with the teachers, for example, Cantet said: ‘On a passé des heures à improviser mais aussi à discuter des enjeux de Between

in Laurent Cantet
Martin O’Shaughnessy

but someone with a similar social role: the woman trade unionist in Ressources humaines is a real trade unionist, the boss a manager, the sacked father a worker forced into early retirement, and so on.8 The casting starts from the presupposition that each character is an expert in his or her own role. When discussing Entre les murs, for example, Cantet said of his amateur cast, ‘Aussi bien les élèves que les profs, ils ont une expertise de leur vie dont j’avais besoin pour écrire le film’ (Burdeau and Thirion, 2008: 16).9 Rather than being asked to erase their

in Laurent Cantet
Harlots and televising the realities of eighteenth-century English prostitution
Brig Kristin and Clark Emily J.

medical experts for themselves and those close to them. Through its premise, Harlots becomes an effective vehicle to transmit the history of eighteenth-century prostitution to popular audiences. It is part of a recent trend in televised period pieces to expose the power dynamics of historical narratives. Scholarship on period pieces, including essays in this volume, has pointed out how series such as

in Diagnosing history

French literature on screen is a multi-author volume whose eleven chapters plus an introduction offer case histories of the screen versions of major literary works by such authors as Victor Hugo, Marcel Proust, Françoise Sagan, and George Simenon. Written by leading experts in the field, the various chapters in this volume offer insightful investigations of the artistic, cultural, and industrial processes that have made screen versions of French literary classics a central element of the national cinema.

French literature on screen breaks new scholarly ground by offering the first trans-national account of this important cultural development. These film adaptations have been important in both the American and British cinemas as well. English language screen adaptations of French literature evince the complexity of the relationship between the two texts, the two media, as well as opening up new avenues to explore studio decisions to contract and distribute this particular type of ‘foreign’ cinema to American and British audiences. In many respects, the ‘foreign’ quality of master works of the French literary canon remain their appeal over the decades from the silent era to the present.

The essays in this volume also address theoretical concerns about the interdependent relationship between literary and film texts; the status of the ‘author’, and the process of interpretation will be addressed in these essays, as will dialogical, intertextual, and transtextual approaches to adaptation.

The BBC and popular television culture in the 1950s
Author: Su Holmes

This book focuses attention on a particular aspect of the British Broadcasting Corporation's (BBC) remit. It examines how the concepts of both 'public service' and the 'popular' were interpreted by the BBC. The book also examines how their relationship changed over time, moving across the early history of radio and television, up until the advent of Independent Television (ITV). It explores The Grove Family, which has secured a certain visibility in British television history due to its status as "British television's first soap opera". By focusing on a number of programme case studies such as the soap opera, the quiz/game show, the 'problem' show and programmes dealing with celebrity culture, the book demonstrates how BBC television surprisingly explored popular interests and desires. The book details how the quiz or game show, or to use the dominant term from the time, the "give-away" show, has been used to map sharp differences between the BBC and ITV in the 1950s. It focuses on the BBC's 'problem' or 'private life' programme, Is This Your Problem? ( ITYP?), in which members of the public asked the advice of an expert panel. The book explores television's relations with fame in the 1950s. It details how This is Your Life (TIYL) became a privileged site for debates about television's renegotiation of the boundaries of public/private, particularly with regard to audiences' cultural access to famous selves.

Open Access (free)
Royal weddings and the media promotion of British fashion
Jo Stephenson

In 2011, Kate Middleton 1 was ‘reportedly worth £1 billion to the British economy’. 2 The huge international interest in her wedding that year to Prince William was greeted as a major opportunity to boost British trade by promoting British fashion both at home and abroad. On 9 March 2012 on ITV’s morning television show Daybreak , British fashion expert Caryn Franklin

in The British monarchy on screen

Screening the Hollywood Rebels in 1950s Britain explores the relationship between classic American films about juvenile delinquency and British popular youth culture in the mid-twentieth century. The book examines the censorship, publicity and fandom surrounding such Hollywood films as The Wild One, Blackboard Jungle, Rebel Without a Cause, Rock Around the Clock and Jailhouse Rock alongside such British films as The Blue Lamp, Spare the Rod and Serious Charge. Intersecting with star studies and social and cultural history, this is the first book to re-vision the stardom surrounding three extraordinarily influential Hollywood stars: Marlon Brando, James Dean and Elvis Presley. By looking specifically at the meanings of these American stars to British fans, this analysis provides a logical and sustained narrative that explains how and why these Hollywood images fed into, and disrupted, British cultural life. Screening the Hollywood Rebels in 1950s Britain is based upon a wide range of sources including censorship records, both mainstream and trade newspapers and periodicals, archival accounts and memoirs, as well as the films themselves. The book is a timely intervention of film culture and focuses on key questions about screen violence and censorship, masculinity and transnational stardom, method acting and performance, Americanisation and popular post-war British culture. The book is essential reading for researchers, academics and students of film and social and cultural history, alongside general readers interested in the links between the media and popular youth culture in the 1950s.