disseminating knowledge. They outline a dichotomy of forms of knowledge,
whereby codified knowledge is objectively derived from scientific enquiry
by experts, and is ‘standardised and easily transferable’ whereas tacit or lay
knowledge is ‘often personal and context-dependent’ (Morgan and Murdoch,
2000: 160–1) resulting as it does from the subjective interaction of practice,
people and place. Thus, codified knowledge is universalisable or global,
whereas tacit or lay knowledge is situated or local. These knowledge forms are
employed here as Weberian ideal types that help
Common spaces of urban emancipation
Commoning neighborhoods: the mutual help
practices of Brazilian homeless movements
USINA and the mutirão tradition
The USINA team from São Paulo (Brazil) is a group of architects, planners, economists, and other relevant housing experts
that explicitly supports participatory planning and works mainly
with homeless movements. One USINA report effectively sums
up the logic of this team’s interventions: “In the case of urban
mutiroes, the pedagogical process of social change begins with the
people’s organization in the
Unfolding Irish landscapes offers a comprehensive and sustained study of the work of cartographer, landscape writer and visual artist Tim Robinson. The visual texts and multi-genre essays included in this book, from leading international scholars in Irish Studies, geography, ecology, environmental humanities, literature and visual culture, explore Robinson’s writing, map-making and art. Robinson’s work continues to garner significant attention not only in Ireland, but also in the United Kingdom, Europe and North America, particularly with the recent celebration of the twenty-fifth anniversary of his monumental Stones of Aran: pilgrimage. Robert Macfarlane has described Robinson’s work in Ireland as ‘one of the most sustained, intensive and imaginative studies of a landscape that has ever been carried out’. It is difficult to separate Robinson the figure from his work and the places he surveys in Ireland – they are intertextual and interconnected. This volume explores some of these characteristics for both general and expert readers alike. As individual studies, the essays in this collection demonstrate disciplinary expertise. As parts of a cohesive project, they form a collective overview of the imaginative sensibility and artistic dexterity of Robinson’s cultural and geographical achievements in Ireland. By navigating Robinson’s method of ambulation through his prose and visual creations, this book examines topics ranging from the politics of cartography and map-making as visual art forms to the cultural and environmental dimensions of writing about landscapes.
As the tragedy of the Grenfell Tower fire of 14 June 2017 has slowly revealed a shadowy background of outsourcing and deregulation, and a council turning a blind eye to health and safety concerns, many questions need answers. Stuart Hodkinson has those answers. Safe as Houses weaves together Stuart’s research over the last decade with residents’ groups in council regeneration projects across London to provide the first comprehensive account of how Grenfell happened and how it could easily have happened in multiple locations across the country. It draws on examples of unsafe housing either refurbished or built by private companies under the Private Finance Initiative (PFI) to show both the terrible human consequences of outsourcing and deregulation and how the PFI has enabled developers, banks and investors to profiteer from highly lucrative, taxpayer-funded contracts. The book also provides shocking testimonies of how councils and other public bodies have continuously sided with their private partners, doing everything in their power to ignore, deflect and even silence those who speak out. The book concludes that the only way to end the era of unsafe regeneration and housing provision is to end the disastrous regime of self-regulation. This means strengthening safety laws, creating new enforcement agencies independent of government and industry, and replacing PFI and similar models of outsourcing with a new model of public housing that treats the provision of shelter as ‘a social service’ democratically accountable to its residents.
This book explores contemporary urban experiences connected to practices of sharing and collaboration. Part of a growing discussion on the cultural meaning and the politics of urban commons, it uses examples from Europe and Latin America to support the view that a world of mutual support and urban solidarity is emerging today in, against, and beyond existing societies of inequality. In such a world, people experience the potentialities of emancipation activated by concrete forms of space commoning. By focusing on concrete collective experiences of urban space appropriation and participatory design experiments this book traces differing, but potentially compatible, trajectories through which common space (or space-as-commons) becomes an important factor in social change. In the everydayness of self-organized neighborhoods, in the struggles for justice in occupied public spaces, in the emergence of “territories in resistance,” and in dissident artistic practices of collaborative creation, collective inventiveness produces fragments of an emancipated society.
Manchester: Something rich and strange challenges us to see the quintessential
post-industrial city in new ways. Bringing together twenty-three diverse writers
and a wide range of photographs of Greater Manchester, it argues that how we see
the city can have a powerful effect on its future – an urgent question given how
quickly the urban core is being transformed. The book uses sixty different words
to speak about the diversity of what we think of as Manchester – whether the
chimneys of its old mills, the cobbles mostly hidden under the tarmac, the
passages between terraces, or the everyday act of washing clothes in a
laundrette. Unashamedly down to earth in its focus, this book makes the case for
a renewed imaginative relationship that recognises and champions the fact that
we’re all active in the making and unmaking of urban spaces.
described as ‘a theatre that is documentary … relating directly to the world as we experience it’ (Dreysse and Malzacher, 2008 : 9).
A key aspect of their work is the lack of professional actors; instead, they employ ‘non-professional performers as experts of their own life [who] create the performances through their stories, their professional or private knowledge and lack of knowledge, through their experiences and personalities’ (Dreysse and Malzacher, 2008 : 8, 9). The concept of the expert is ‘consciously opposed [to] amateur theatre’, as Malzacher points out
-for-granted socio-culturally formed habits, and what inquiry and democracy are (or can be) if conceptualised in pragmatist terms, we can have hope for the future, because we have a method for making it better. That method entails a role for ordinary citizens and for so-called experts who offer scholarly or scientific knowledge. I begin, however, with an introductory note about my journey to this argument, because I believe the backstory might be helpful to other social scientists who are utilising pragmatism, others who are approaching pragmatism for the first time or those who
flames spread up
six floors on the outside of the building; the London fire brigade
blamed the cladding.
Source: O. Wainwright and P. Walker, ‘“Disaster waiting to happen”: fire expert
slams UK tower blocks’, Guardian, 14 June 2017, at https://www.theguardian.
com/uk-news/2017/jun/14/disaster-waiting-to-happen-fire-expert-slams-uktower-blocks (accessed 12 October 2018).
Safe as houses
government to revise building regulations so as to require sprinkler systems in all new and existing high-rise blocks, and ensure that
especially sceptical of the role of experts in democratic communities ( Bernstein, 1998 , 149) because he rejected the assumption that any group of individuals has the sole expertise to make the judgements and decisions that have impacts on our everyday lives. Openness, fallibility of knowledge and ongoing criticism are the virtues that Dewey highlighted as being important in a democratic community.
Yet if planners are sceptical about expert knowledge, then on what basis are planners supposed to plan? Healey and Forester, the leading communicative planning theorists