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Mothers and advice literature
Angela Davis

5 Experts and childcare ‘bibles’: mothers and advice literature C hildcare manuals were abundant throughout the twentieth century and many self-proclaimed experts were writing on the subject. Their advice was by no means consistent though, and mothers were under pressure to conform to conflicting models of care. The writings of the experts were influenced by contemporary theories of child development. Thinking on child development in the years after 1945 was greatly influenced by the experiences of World War Two, with children experiencing family breakdown

in Modern motherhood
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Contesting veterinary knowledge in a pastoral community
Richard Waller and Kathy Homewood

, whether in humans or in animals, was a threat and because medical aid was seen as an important means to ‘win the confidence’ of the colonised, 10 but also because the collation of data and the creation of knowledge which scientific investigation involved were a crucial part of the wider imperial project. But experts did not always agree among themselves. The field of tropical medicine is littered with

in Western medicine as contested knowledge
Tsetse, nagana and sleeping sickness in East and Central Africa
John M. MacKenzie

Experts and amateurs The British have traditionally distrusted intellectuals in politics, perhaps because intellectuals have generally exhibited impatience with the need to appease faction, party and electorate. As a result, it has often been suggested, the British Empire became the ideal laboratory for experimentation with ideas and policies formulated in an intellectual

in Imperialism and the natural world
Suhad Daher-Nashif

This article aims to shed light on the post-mortem practices for Palestinian dead bodies when there is suspicion of human rights violations by Israeli military forces. By focusing on the case of Omran Abu Hamdieh from Al-Khalil (Hebron), the article explores the interactions between Palestinian social-institutional agents, Israeli military forces and international medico-legal agents. Drawing on ethnographic and archival data, the article explores how the intersectionality between the various controlling powers is inscribed over the Palestinian dead bodies and structures their death rites. The article claims that inviting foreign medico-legal experts in the Palestinian context could reveal the true death story and the human rights violations, but also reaffirms the sovereignty of the Israeli military forces over the Palestinian dead and lived bodies.

Human Remains and Violence: An Interdisciplinary Journal
The case of the management of the dead related to COVID-19
Ahmed Al-Dawoody

This article studies one of the humanitarian challenges caused by the COVID-19 crisis: the dignified handling of the mortal remains of individuals that have died from COVID-19 in Muslim contexts. It illustrates the discussion with examples from Sunni Muslim-majority states when relevant, such as Egypt, the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia, Jordan, Morocco and Pakistan, and examples from English-speaking non-Muslim majority states such as the United Kingdom, the United States of America, Canada and Australia as well as Sri Lanka. The article finds that the case of the management of dead bodies of people who have died from COVID-19 has shown that the creativity and flexibility enshrined in the Islamic law-making logic and methodology, on the one hand, and the cooperation between Muslim jurists and specialised medical and forensic experts, on the other, have contributed to saving people’s lives and mitigating the effects of the COVID-19 pandemic in Muslim contexts.

Human Remains and Violence: An Interdisciplinary Journal
Experts and the development of the British Caribbean, 1940–62
Author: Sabine Clarke

This book produces a major rethinking of the history of development after 1940 through an exploration of Britain’s ambitions for industrialisation in its Caribbean colonies. Industrial development is a neglected topic in histories of the British Colonial Empire, and we know very little of plans for Britain’s Caribbean colonies in general in the late colonial period, despite the role played by riots in the region in prompting an increase in development spending. This account shows the importance of knowledge and expertise in the promotion of a model of Caribbean development that is best described as liberal rather than state-centred and authoritarian. It explores how the post-war period saw an attempt by the Colonial Office to revive Caribbean economies by transforming cane sugar from a low-value foodstuff into a lucrative starting compound for making fuels, plastics and medical products. In addition, it shows that as Caribbean territories moved towards independence and America sought to shape the future of the region, scientific and economic advice became a key strategy for the maintenance of British control of the West Indian colonies. Britain needed to counter attempts by American-backed experts to promote a very different approach to industrial development after 1945 informed by the priorities of US foreign policy.

Joris Vandendriessche

prevention of epidemics, and personal hygiene in numerous treatises, plans, studies and booklets intended for an equally diverse public of physicians, politicians and lay men.3 By the middle of the century, Burggraeve was indeed an established expert in the public health debate. The presentation of his new study at the Medical Society of Ghent was a means to consolidate this expert position within the medical community. Burggraeve’s social engagement reflected both new and old traditions of expertise in public health in the nineteenth century. On the one hand, his diverse

in Medical societies and scientific culture in nineteenth-century Belgium
The question of evidence
Christine Choo

, but they have been called as expert witnesses in claims that have reached the Federal Court of Australia. Historical evidence has become significant as applicants are required to show evidence of continued use and occupation of the land under claim. Historians and lawyers are not accustomed to working together, and there are many lessons to be learnt on both sides

in Law, history, colonialism
Birgit Lang

4 Erich Wulffen and the case of the criminal Birgit Lang In 1927, the leading illustrated weekly Berliner Illustrirte Zeitung (BIZ) introduced its readers to the twenty-one most influential German criminologists of the day. Each was represented by a portrait photograph and a caption. The result was an iconography of experts in the burgeoning fields of studying, solving and writing about crime and criminals. Among the select group was Dr Erich Wulffen (1862–1936), Head of Department in the Saxon Ministry of Justice.1 The photo essay describes Wulffen as the

in A history of the case study
Abstract only
Ian Burney

to the arguments laid out in the chapters to come. However, the following observation might be of use as an indicator of the path ahead: poison, expert detection, and the imagination each intersect in suggestive ways with the concept of absence. Definitions of imagination (whether as a substantive – a faculty of the mind – or an action of this faculty) commonly specify its relationship to a world of absent things, the Oxford English Dictionary’s primary entry for ‘imagination’ characterizing it as ‘the action of imagining, or forming a mental concept of what is

in Poison, detection, and the Victorian imagination