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In search of Manly Banister, an excerpt from an unpublishable memoir
R.L. Tillman

The final text is dedicated to an improbable sounding, yet real author. Written by R. L. Tillman, artist and educator and one of the founders of the inspiring web resource Printeresting (2008–15), it is a humorous yet serious reflection on the differences between art, craft and technique and on what may or may not distinguish expert and amateur knowledge.

in Perspectives on contemporary printmaking
Margaret Brazier and Emma Cave

expert witnesses were altered, seeking to limit the misuse of expert evidence But by 2009 it was clear that the Woolf reforms had not resulted in total success. Research commissioned by the Ministry of Justice suggested that delay was less of a problem with cases taking less time between issuing a claim and trial or settlement. 66 But costs had risen 67 and thus as we have seen Lord Justice Jackson was asked to conduct a further review of civil litigation costs, resulting in radical change to the funding of claims. The Clinical Negligence

in Medicine, patients and the law (sixth edition)
Abstract only
Philip Norton

Union Congress, Lord Chief Justice, or head of a charity. They are complemented by others who are appointed because of their individual achievements, such as leading figures in sport (such as Paralympian Tanni Grey-Thompson) or campaigners such as Doreen Lawrence, mother of murdered teenager Stephen Lawrence, and John Bird, founder of The Big Issue magazine. Some are appointed because they are the leading experts in their field – that is, they are highly trained and have reached the top of their profession. The House includes leading lawyers, doctors, scientists

in Reform of the House of Lords
Abstract only
Margaret Brazier and Emma Cave

claims incited by greedy lawyers are damaging public services including the NHS. The principles of law may not be affected by such rhetoric but as we shall see in the next chapter, the process of bringing a claim has become more difficult. The standard of care demanded of the doctor is the standard of the reasonably skilled and experienced doctor. In Bolam v Friern Hospital Management Committee , 29 McNair J said: The test is the standard of the ordinary skilled man exercising and professing to have that special skill. A man need not possess the highest expert

in Medicine, patients and the law (sixth edition)
Abstract only
The future of nudge and think
Peter John, Sarah Cotterill, Alice Moseley, Liz Richardson, Graham Smith, Gerry Stoker, and Corinne Wales

effective means of implementing policy as a way to take their parties beyond old politics, such as state control for the left and too much adherence to markets for the right. This agenda attracts leaders of political parties of different stripes to the project of modernization in its many forms. By 2019 the climate of consensus and support for technocratic policy-making no longer appears to be so secure, when newly elected politicians seem less likely to automatically back the mainstream point of view. Expert views appear to be more contested and seen by some as

in Nudge, nudge, think, think (second edition)
Nigel D. White

Council, which is clearly based on realist foundations. The UN is dominated by states but has gradually opened up to a limited extent to NSAs, indicating a slow trend towards openness if not democracy. The current system allows for NGOs to have consultative status in ECOSOC, 47 and permits individuals (often technical experts) a role in the specialised agencies (most notably in the ILO, WMO and WHO, in which experts are directly represented in the plenary bodies of those organisations). 48 Without indicating how a widening of participation is to be achieved, the UN

in The law of international organisations (third edition)
Andrew Monaghan

strategic tasks facing our country’. As a result, important objectives were effectively ‘ignored’. 19 This is in part, as Stephen Fortescue has argued, because of the problem of ‘vedomstvennost’ – ministries and agencies have strong vertical hierarchies, usually based on a particular sector, which claim the loyalty of all officials in that sector. Officials are usually technical experts in the ministry’s area of responsibility, often working their way up through the ranks to ministerial level, Fortescue argues, and, as a result, they see the world in the technical terms

in Power in modern Russia
Ruth Pelzer-Montada

technique and on what may or may not distinguish expert and amateur knowledge. Ultimately, it pays homage to an expert amateur and draws attention to the fact that the boundaries between amateur and ‘expert’ knowledge are currently being re-thought. References Coldwell , Paul. 2013 . ‘Just What is it that Makes an Artist

in Perspectives on contemporary printmaking
Clare Wilkinson and Emma Weitkamp

, 2013 ). These types of projects are applicable across a range of disciplines, including social sciences and the humanities. The chapter considers the ways in which non-experts and researchers might collaborate, including approaches like the Science Shops movement, as well as projects driven by individuals’ interests, like hackspaces and the maker movement. Some of these might not, at first look, appear fruitful areas for research communication, but there are opportunities to tap into the existing interests and needs of people that also provide avenues for

in Creative research communication
Abstract only
Wyn Grant

shifts over time in both public and expert opinion. For example, at one time smoking was even recommended by some doctors, for example as a means of calming ‘nerves’. Non-smokers were often seen as odd or unsociable. Certainly, advocacy of non-smoking was a fringe activity. As more evidence became available regarding the harm caused by smoking, medical opinion shifted. Tobacco companies sought to defend smoking on libertarian grounds, but this became more difficult when evidence mounted about the harm caused by passive smoking, leading to more stringent restrictions

in Lobbying