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Popularising psychoanalysis, 1945–68
Richard Bates

medical bureaucracy made them less effective in spreading enthusiasm for psychoanalysis among ordinary French people. The chapter goes on to examine Dolto’s interventions on French radio in 1950 on the subject of sex education, showing how she used this platform both to promote the acceptance of psychoanalysts as experts on such questions, and to disseminate her views on the importance of bringing up children according to a strongly binary conception of gender roles. Schooling the parents As the influence of

in Psychoanalysis and the family in twentieth-century France
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Psychoanalysis in the public sphere, 1968–88
Richard Bates

The publication of Le Cas Dominique in 1971, and the simultaneous reissuing by Éditions du Seuil of Psychanalyse et pédiatrie , her thesis written in the 1930s, reinforced Dolto’s public status as an expert in child psychology and added her to the growing list of French psychoanalysts enjoying a degree of publishing success in the years after 1968. Dolto made it into Who’s Who in France in 1975. But it was her radio career that was principally responsible for making her a household name, especially the

in Psychoanalysis and the family in twentieth-century France
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Dolto in the twenty-first century
Richard Bates

years earlier. This Laforguian way of thinking, with some adaptations, had propelled Dolto to a national platform in the 1970s. But after 2000, Dolto was no longer seen as a unifying national expert, but rather as someone linked to a particular ideological outlook. Discussion of her began to polarise. In 2008, her centenary, the television channel TF1 ran a hagiographical feature-length drama about Dolto, with Josiane Balasko in the starring role. 8 The same year, however, cognitive-behavioural therapist Didier Pleux

in Psychoanalysis and the family in twentieth-century France
Françoise Dolto and her legacy
Author: Richard Bates

In Psychoanalysis and the family, Richard Bates reveals the striking range and extent of the influence of Françoise Dolto (1908–88) – child psychoanalyst and France’s leading authority on parenting and family dynamics from the 1970s onwards.

Against the backdrop of rapid economic, social and cultural change, Dolto emerged as a new, reassuring, national presence. Seen as a national treasure, her views proved influential on a wide range of issues linked to psychology, parenting, education, gender, sexuality, bioethics and children’s culture and rights. Dolto claimed the mantle of a progressive, innovative expert who swept away outdated concepts – but Bates demonstrates that her ideas in fact had deep roots in right-wing, anti-feminist currents. Dolto used her media platforms and the cultural authority of psychoanalysis to ensure that her psychoanalytic vision affected the whole French nation and was implanted in a variety of institutional settings. Bates shows how her vision had lasting repercussions, in areas ranging from the treatment of autism to the organisation of children’s centres.

In demonstrating Dolto’s importance, this highly original, thoroughly researched book makes an essential contribution to historical understanding of twentieth-century French society. It forces a reassessment of the place of psychoanalysis in French social history, showing that its true significance lay well beyond the academic seminar or the consulting room.

Joris Vandendriessche

prevention of epidemics, and personal hygiene in numerous treatises, plans, studies and booklets intended for an equally diverse public of physicians, politicians and lay men.3 By the middle of the century, Burggraeve was indeed an established expert in the public health debate. The presentation of his new study at the Medical Society of Ghent was a means to consolidate this expert position within the medical community. Burggraeve’s social engagement reflected both new and old traditions of expertise in public health in the nineteenth century. On the one hand, his diverse

in Medical societies and scientific culture in nineteenth-century Belgium
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Richard Bates

than in earlier decades, but still top-down in comparison to the later eras of private television channels, Minitel chat forums and eventually online communities. 18 This new atmosphere created opportunities for a new kind of media personality or expert figure, one who still depended on elite networks to obtain a platform, but who sought increased interaction with audiences. Judith Coffin’s recent book on Simone de Beauvoir, Sex, Love, and Letters , clearly shows the growing and powerful public demand for a

in Psychoanalysis and the family in twentieth-century France
Acupuncture and the techno-politics of bodyscape
Wen-Hua Kuo

from Chinese doctors, who learned of Nogier's diagram in the 1950s and developed their own diagram according to TCM theory (Rubach 2001 [1995] ). Some mistranslations read harmless. As TCM expert Deshen Wang pointed out ( 1987 ), early Westerners used the Wades-Giles Romanization system and ignored the fact that some characters have several readings (such as the character ‘俞’,which should be read as ‘shu’ instead of ‘yu’ when used in acupuncture points). Some people misrecognized Chinese characters and, as a result, their romanization was

in Global health and the new world order
Vanessa Heggie

In 1987, nearly three decades after the founding of the British Olympic Association’s first Medical Committee, the British Olympic Medical Centre was opened at Northwick Park Hospital. Its opening symbolises the full institutionalisation of elite, specialist sports medicine. Given that the last chapter described the self-creation of sports medicine as a discipline which focused on just these sorts of bodies, the opening of this centre should come as no surprise. But the dominant theme of this chapter is rather the provision of this sort of specialist and expert

in A history of British sports medicine
Open Access (free)
Duncan Wilson

called ‘ethics experts’.18 Thanks to escalating mistrust of club regulation, both in public and, crucially, in government, they derive their authority from being ‘expert outsiders’ who are independent from the profession or procedure under scrutiny.19 Their portrayal as ‘ethics experts’ confirms that bioethicists have indeed contributed to a shift in the location and exercise of biopower in Britain. The days of ‘club regulation’ are a thing of the past and we no longer believe that expertise in medical and scientific ethics is inscribed solely within doctors or

in The making of British bioethics
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Lunacy law as colonial inheritance
James E. Moran

insisted on this course of action. This set the stage for remarkable legal wrangling between the two parties. Part of the issue was the fact that the Princess had been born in Russia, giving rise to the question of whether the English courts had jurisdiction to act in her case. Legal experts working on behalf of Princess Bariatinski's aunt could not find ‘any reported case in which an alien has been the subject of a commission of lunacy’. 32 The Prince's counsel argued not only that he had a right to his sister and her property, according to

in Madness on trial