, whether in humans or in animals, was a threat and because medical aid was seen as an important means to ‘win the confidence’ of the colonised, 10 but also because the collation of data and the creation of knowledge which scientific investigation involved were a crucial part of the wider imperial project. But experts did not always agree among themselves. The field of tropical medicine is littered with
Experts and amateurs The British have traditionally distrusted intellectuals in politics, perhaps because intellectuals have generally exhibited impatience with the need to appease faction, party and electorate. As a result, it has often been suggested, the British Empire became the ideal laboratory for experimentation with ideas and policies formulated in an intellectual
This book produces a major rethinking of the history of development after 1940 through an exploration of Britain’s ambitions for industrialisation in its Caribbean colonies. Industrial development is a neglected topic in histories of the British Colonial Empire, and we know very little of plans for Britain’s Caribbean colonies in general in the late colonial period, despite the role played by riots in the region in prompting an increase in development spending. This account shows the importance of knowledge and expertise in the promotion of a model of Caribbean development that is best described as liberal rather than state-centred and authoritarian. It explores how the post-war period saw an attempt by the Colonial Office to revive Caribbean economies by transforming cane sugar from a low-value foodstuff into a lucrative starting compound for making fuels, plastics and medical products. In addition, it shows that as Caribbean territories moved towards independence and America sought to shape the future of the region, scientific and economic advice became a key strategy for the maintenance of British control of the West Indian colonies. Britain needed to counter attempts by American-backed experts to promote a very different approach to industrial development after 1945 informed by the priorities of US foreign policy.
Christianisation was ‘a mere matter of clothes and whitewash’. 1 Experts who congregated at Edinburgh used the lessons from the mission field to conceptually reassert the place of religion in the metropole. This book has examined competing expectations held over the long nineteenth century for the schooling of non-Europeans in the British Empire by evangelical missionary societies
British culture after empire is the first collection of its kind to explore the intertwined social, cultural and political aftermath of empire in Britain from 1945 up to and beyond the Brexit referendum of 2016, combining approaches from experts in history, literature, anthropology, cultural studies and theatre studies. Against those who would deny, downplay or attempt to forget Britain's imperial legacy, these contributions expose and explore how the British Empire and the consequences of its end continue to shape Britain at the local, national and international level. As an important and urgent intervention in a field of increasing relevance within and beyond the academy, the book offers fresh perspectives on the colonial hangovers in postcolonial Britain from up-and-coming as well as established scholars.
searching and of comparing various situations in order to find options that did not compromise the three essential functions of missionary education. The crisis of identity evident at and prior to Edinburgh led missionary groups to re-position themselves as experts and professionals best placed to be the providers of moral authority within a modernising world. As one contemporaneous assessment written
international development as a rational and highly technical field, which historian Joseph Hodge has depicted as the ‘Triumph of the Expert’. 8 Development volunteering was premised on the development paradigm, but it also cultivated a highly emotive register, claiming that volunteers participated in a sentimental project of humanitarian assistance and international friendship. Its appeal to Western
was convened under the auspices of the FAO in Rome. Among the first in the new generation of global summits that began to punctuate the UN calendar, it drew together technocratic experts, NGOs and government delegations from the world’s very divided states. 27 In its bold promises, the World Food Conference Declaration was a rededication to universalism, and, unlike the 1948 Universal Declaration of Human Rights
MAA’s objects spanning hundreds of thousands of years.’ See www.cam.ac.uk/research/discussion/we-ask-the-experts-why-do-we-put-things-into-museums [accessed 29 July 2020]. 23 Interestingly, Nagra has confessed to such an experience when remembering his initial visits: ‘when I [first] visited the
month. Always interested in new ideas and opportunities, and an expert in multiple languages, including Italian, French, German, Spanish and English, Alice had attended the Cannes Medical Conference in April 1919, organised by Henry Davison and the five national Red Cross societies that later formed the League. Medical and health experts from around the world were invited to Cannes to ‘shine the light of science upon every corner of the