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Contesting veterinary knowledge in a pastoral community
Richard Waller and Kathy Homewood

, whether in humans or in animals, was a threat and because medical aid was seen as an important means to ‘win the confidence’ of the colonised, 10 but also because the collation of data and the creation of knowledge which scientific investigation involved were a crucial part of the wider imperial project. But experts did not always agree among themselves. The field of tropical medicine is littered with

in Western medicine as contested knowledge
Tsetse, nagana and sleeping sickness in East and Central Africa
John M. MacKenzie

Experts and amateurs The British have traditionally distrusted intellectuals in politics, perhaps because intellectuals have generally exhibited impatience with the need to appease faction, party and electorate. As a result, it has often been suggested, the British Empire became the ideal laboratory for experimentation with ideas and policies formulated in an intellectual

in Imperialism and the natural world
Experts and the development of the British Caribbean, 1940–62
Author: Sabine Clarke

This book produces a major rethinking of the history of development after 1940 through an exploration of Britain’s ambitions for industrialisation in its Caribbean colonies. Industrial development is a neglected topic in histories of the British Colonial Empire, and we know very little of plans for Britain’s Caribbean colonies in general in the late colonial period, despite the role played by riots in the region in prompting an increase in development spending. This account shows the importance of knowledge and expertise in the promotion of a model of Caribbean development that is best described as liberal rather than state-centred and authoritarian. It explores how the post-war period saw an attempt by the Colonial Office to revive Caribbean economies by transforming cane sugar from a low-value foodstuff into a lucrative starting compound for making fuels, plastics and medical products. In addition, it shows that as Caribbean territories moved towards independence and America sought to shape the future of the region, scientific and economic advice became a key strategy for the maintenance of British control of the West Indian colonies. Britain needed to counter attempts by American-backed experts to promote a very different approach to industrial development after 1945 informed by the priorities of US foreign policy.

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Felicity Jensz

Christianisation was ‘a mere matter of clothes and whitewash’. 1 Experts who congregated at Edinburgh used the lessons from the mission field to conceptually reassert the place of religion in the metropole. This book has examined competing expectations held over the long nineteenth century for the schooling of non-Europeans in the British Empire by evangelical missionary societies

in Missionaries and modernity
The Edinburgh World Missionary Conference, 1910
Felicity Jensz

searching and of comparing various situations in order to find options that did not compromise the three essential functions of missionary education. The crisis of identity evident at and prior to Edinburgh led missionary groups to re-position themselves as experts and professionals best placed to be the providers of moral authority within a modernising world. As one contemporaneous assessment written

in Missionaries and modernity
Sentiment and affect in mid-twentiethcentury development volunteering
Agnieszka Sobocinska

international development as a rational and highly technical field, which historian Joseph Hodge has depicted as the ‘Triumph of the Expert’. 8 Development volunteering was premised on the development paradigm, but it also cultivated a highly emotive register, claiming that volunteers participated in a sentimental project of humanitarian assistance and international friendship. Its appeal to Western

in Humanitarianism, empire and transnationalism, 1760–1995
Human rights and humanitarianism in the 1980s
Roland Burke

was convened under the auspices of the FAO in Rome. Among the first in the new generation of global summits that began to punctuate the UN calendar, it drew together technocratic experts, NGOs and government delegations from the world’s very divided states. 27 In its bold promises, the World Food Conference Declaration was a rededication to universalism, and, unlike the 1948 Universal Declaration of Human Rights

in Humanitarianism, empire and transnationalism, 1760–1995
Nursing leaders of the League of Red Cross Societies between the wars
Melanie Oppenheimer

month. Always interested in new ideas and opportunities, and an expert in multiple languages, including Italian, French, German, Spanish and English, Alice had attended the Cannes Medical Conference in April 1919, organised by Henry Davison and the five national Red Cross societies that later formed the League. Medical and health experts from around the world were invited to Cannes to ‘shine the light of science upon every corner of the

in Humanitarianism, empire and transnationalism, 1760–1995
The question of evidence
Christine Choo

, but they have been called as expert witnesses in claims that have reached the Federal Court of Australia. Historical evidence has become significant as applicants are required to show evidence of continued use and occupation of the land under claim. Historians and lawyers are not accustomed to working together, and there are many lessons to be learnt on both sides

in Law, history, colonialism
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-century missionary teachers were not the educational experts that missionary bodies eventually cultivated by the start of the twentieth century. Positioning of this book The role of missionaries in Indigenous education was and is ambiguous and often contradictory, with contemporaneous observers as well as recent scholars often divided over how to evaluate the results of missionary education

in Missionaries and modernity