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Refugees at the University of Manchester
Bill Williams

for German-Jewish academics became increasingly perilous, the Committee had been able to recommend only two or three appointments each year; of a total of sixteen appointees in this period, two were Spanish scholars endangered by the Franco regime following the Civil War in Spain, one a refugee from Fascist Italy. The Senate was reluctant to divert to the work of rescue monies from the University’s own resources, which were seen as badly needed to upgrade some of its more ‘inadequate and undignified makeshift premises’, to provide new laboratories and lecture

in ‘Jews and other foreigners’
Manchester and the Basque children of 1937
Bill Williams

Franco regime in the Basque country, backed by the Spanish Catholic hierarchy, by the emissaries of the Vatican in Spain and by the Fascist press, was applying increasing pressure on the countries of reception for the return of the ‘unfortunate children’ whose religion was 125 ‘Jews and other foreigners’ said to be at risk, whose parents were said to be seeking to reclaim them and whose presence in Britain, France, Belgium and the Soviet Union was seen ‘to defame the New Spain’.207 In Britain the call for repatriation, which had begun in some circles soon after the

in ‘Jews and other foreigners’
John Anderson

on the other called on church and state leaders to adopt a less one-sided approach to peace. Though holding little affinity with the radical liberationists, Cardinal Tarancón in Spain had earlier in his career offended the Franco regime by speaking up on behalf of the workers. By the late 1960s he had come to the conclusion that whilst the Church’s early support for Franco was an understandable reaction to republican persecutions in the 1930s, this had led it to side all too easily with the victors in the civil war. Consequently in 1971 he

in Christianity and democratisation