the Francoregime makes stringent
restrictions on liberties unpalatable. Spain’s anti-terrorism law
was born in the dictatorship, and the grafting of terrorist crimes onto
existing criminal law has resulted in a situation where civil liberties
are subsequently better protected against further restrictions
(Lister and Otero-Iglesias 2012 ).
Spain’s written constitution of 1978 plays a role too, but
, transatlantic, Christian heritage.
In 1945, an American Catholic historian by the name of Carlton Hayes drew heavily on Lippmann’s writings in his December address to the American Historical Society in Washington, DC. Hayes had recently been named president of the American Historical Society, in a contentious election that pitted liberals against conservatives. Just before, Hayes had served as US Ambassador to Spain under Roosevelt, and the controversy swirling about him had much to do with his perceived sympathies to the Francoregime. In his keynote