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Abstract only
Michael R. Lynn

in the 1730s and lasting well into the 1780s and 1790s, science formed a mainstay of French popular culture. The invention of ballooning in 150 POPULAR SCIENCE AND PUBLIC OPINION 1783 reinforced the belief that science could produce nearly miraculous discoveries. Indeed, faith in science went much further than many elite savants preferred. Once the public took over the sponsorship of balloons and began to speak with authority on divining rods, it seemed that anyone could claim to speak with scientific authority. Membership in a royal academy, or at least the

in Popular science and public opinion in eighteenth-century France
Abstract only
Berny Sèbe

show that imperial heroism was a phenomenon to be reckoned with when it comes to British and French popular cultures from the late nineteenth century onwards. More remains to be said about how these cultural artefacts changed European popular perceptions of the empire, of non-European worlds, of the encounter between the two and the influence it had on national identities. The postcolonial legacy

in Heroic imperialists in Africa
British and French contexts
Berny Sèbe

which heroes were individuals capable of changing the course of history. Several fundamental changes in nearly all aspects of British and French life help us understand the backdrop against which this new type of hero developed. A unique set of conditions enabled the appearance of imperial heroes in British and French popular culture. First, geostrategic developments linked to the

in Heroic imperialists in Africa
Chris Pearson

, ‘Environnement civil’, 27. 74 Goffres, Considérations historiques, hygiéniques et médicales, 28; Morin, Camp de Châlons, 124–6. Quote on 126. 75 Camille Husson, Étude sur le camp de Châlons: L’homme préhistorique et le cultivateur actuel (Toul: Imprimerie de T. Lemaire, 1872), 56. 76 Gérard de Puymège, Chauvin, le soldat-labourer: Contribution à l’étude des nationalismes (Paris: Editions Gallimard, 1993); David M. Hopkin, Soldier and Peasant in French Popular Culture, 1766–1870 (Woodbridge: Royal Historical Society/Boydell Press, 2003); Kenneth I. Helphand, Defiant 36 The

in Mobilizing nature
Martin Thomas

’s underlying discontent with the cliquish self-absorption of the French officer corps, the democratisation of the Third Republic and the vulgarisation of French popular culture. 48 Lyautey’s long-standing aversion to money-grubbing grands colons and the European settler proletariat in the major cities of Algeria and Morocco was not mere snobbery. It stemmed from the conviction that

in The French empire between the wars
Popular imperialism in France
Martin Thomas

exhibitions of the inter-war period: the Marseilles colonial exhibition of 1922, the 1930 celebrations of the centenary of French rule in Algeria, and the massive 1931 colonial exhibition in the Vincennes parkland on the eastern fringes of Paris. Reminders of empire abounded in French popular culture. Why then is the idea of popular imperialism in inter-war France so elusive? The

in The French empire between the wars
The French empire and its metropolitan public
Berny Sèbe

contrary. The increasing visibility of the colonial theme in the metropole over the period studied in this book represents an unquestionable evolution in French popular culture Limited to a relatively small and educated constituency in the first half of the nineteenth century, material about the colonies became more widely available as better means of communication transformed

in European empires and the people