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Open Access (free)
Brad Evans

destructive. While we can agree with Nietzsche that nihilism is a motor of modern history, it is a mistake to see it in purely negative terms. One of the greatest myths about contemporary violence is still connected to rather old psycho-analytical insights concerning fatalism and the egotistical downfall of the deluded man. Freud’s notion of the death drive in many ways is integral to the de-legitimation of the violence we do not like on account of its negation of human existence ( Freud, 1991 ). Of course, it is necessary to understand the psychic life of violence, and to

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs
José Luís Fiori

sovereignty. But it is more likely that the world system will go through a prolonged period of turbulence and wars provoked by sudden changes and increasingly unstable alliances, precisely because it is reproducing the history of the formation of the European state system on a planetary scale. Notes 1 Translated from Portugese by Juliano Fiori. 2 In the psychological and psychoanalytical theories of Sigmund Freud and Carl Jung, as in the structural anthropology of Claude Lévi-Strauss, mythology occupies a

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs
Ronit Lentin

were killed’ (Neslen 2006: 143). Unlike Ben Yehuda, some Israeli Jewish resisters travelled a long way to our current oppositional stance, as I write in Chapter 5. In this chapter I want to suggest that ‘our’ passionate love for the land is tinged with deep melancholia. Melancholia as the impetus to evoking the Nakba is the central argument of this book. I begin this chapter with a discussion of Freud’s ‘Mourning and melancholia’ (1957) in which he distinguishes between mourning, a normal process of coming to terms with the loss of a loved object, a process that

in Co-memory and melancholia
Thomas Stubblefield

in the military’s pursuit of full spectrum dominance, a strategy which understands the psychological dimensions of combat as inseparable from aerial, nautical, cyber, terrestrial and extraterrestrial fronts. In Inhibitions, Symptoms and Anxiety , Freud distinguishes ‘signal anxiety’ from its less evolved counterpart, automatic anxiety, on the basis of its anticipatory nature. It is not the loss of the object that produces the former condition, but rather the fear of the impending trauma this loss provokes. As the internal movement of drone networks increasingly

in Drone imaginaries
Anca Mihaela Pusca

in connotation occurred in the first place, might give us important insights about how and why people approach change differently. The first authors to address the concept of shock in more detail were Freud,3 Baudelaire,4 Simmel5 and Benjamin,6 who focused on the significant increase in stimuli in modern environments and the way in which these stimuli affected the modern individual as well as the fabric of modern society. In its initial conception, shock was understood mainly in relation to modern technologies and particularly the technologies of war. Shock was

in Revolution, democratic transition and disillusionment
Adrian Millar

psychoanalysis but it always appears as a defence. 29 It is best understood for the purposes of the present study as the unconscious process whereby the individual attributes to another wishes, qualities or feelings ‘that the subject repudiates or refuses to recognise in himself’. 30 As pointed out by Freud, the ego projects what it finds too unpleasurable because of its intensity

in Socio-ideological fantasy and the Northern Ireland conflict
Ronit Lentin

concept of collective memory not only beyond philosophy but against psychology. Rejecting Freud’s argument that the unconscious acts as a repository for all past experiences, Halbwachs argues that it is impossible for individuals to remember outside of their group contexts. Another boundary for social memory studies is its relation to historiography. Halbwachs sees history as dead memory, a way of preserving pasts to which we no longer have an ‘organic’ experiential relation. Despite this polarisation between history and memory, there is growing recognition that memory

in Co-memory and melancholia
Anca Mihaela Pusca

forming different types of social solidarity, often based on a common understanding of the universe. Freud’s study of illusions as different forms of escape in Civilization and Its Discontents26 helps us understand the need for new illusions as a form of releasing feelings of collective guilt and finding comfort, while Zizek’s work on the role of illusions in modern ideological regimes— communism and capitalism—is also an essential starting point for understanding not only the manipulation of illusions, but more importantly, the way in which they are silently integrated

in Revolution, democratic transition and disillusionment
Abstract only
Adrian Millar

operate in conflict situations unless there is more fundamental change on the level of rationalisations that operate in the constitution of political identity and out of which structures develop. Below I consider change in Lacanian psychoanalysis. Lacanian change Psychoanalysis is concerned with social change. Freud saw the goal of psychoanalysis – the talking

in Socio-ideological fantasy and the Northern Ireland conflict
Abstract only
Andrew Williams

“salon” escaped into the streets [and] … was also one in which undigested concepts MUP/Williams/Intro 6 23/10/98, 11:22 am 7 Introduction and ideas entered popular currency, Freud’s death-wish and Jung’s collective unconscious being two cases in point’.14 Although Coker’s emphasis is on the impact of war on that ‘modern consciousness’, it is also true that in opening up the Pandora’s box of ‘Open Diplomacy’, Woodrow Wilson allowed the popular consciousness to range freely over an area, that of international relations, from where the populace had hitherto been

in Failed imagination?