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This book analyses the use of the past and the production of heritage through architectural design in the developmental context of Iran. It is the first of its kind to utilize a multidisciplinary approach in probing the complex relationship between architecture, development, and heritage. It uses established theoretical concepts including notions of globalism, nostalgia, tradition, and authenticity to show that development is a major cause of historical transformations in places such as Iran and its effects must be seen in relation to global political and historical exchanges as well as local specificities. Iran is a pertinent example as it has endured radical cultural and political shifts in the past five decades. Scholars of heritage and architecture will find the cross-disciplinary aspects of the book useful. The premise of the book is that transposed into other contexts, development, as a globalizing project originating in the West, instigates renewed forms of historical consciousness and imaginations of the past. This is particularly evident in architecture where, through design processes, the past produces forms of architectural heritage. But such historic consciousness cannot be reduced to political ideology, while politics is always in the background. The book shows this through chapters focusing on theoretical context, international exchanges made in architectural congresses in the 1970s, housing as the vehicle for everyday heritage, and symbolic public architecture intended to reflect monumental time. The book is written in accessible language to benefit academic researchers and graduate students in the fields of heritage, architecture, and Iranian and Middle Eastern studies.

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The international congresses of architecture in Iran and the transnational search for identity
Ali Mozaffari
Nigel Westbrook

: Cambridge University Press, 1989), pp. 6–13. 22 Delegates with connections to Team Ten included Kahn, Smithson, Bakema, van Eyck, Candilis, Soltan, Ungers, Voelcker, and Tange. See A. Smithson, Team 10 Primer (Cambridge, MA: MIT Press, 1968). Jose Luis Sert was former president of CIAM, while Ludovico Quaroni and Bruno Zevi were trenchant critics of CIAM orthodoxy. 23 The Vancouver conference took place between 31 May and 11 June 1976. Its declaration led to the UN General Assembly resolution 31/109: ‘Habitat’. See United Nations Conference on Human Settlements, ‘UN