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Derek Averre

’s foreign policy in the MENA region? With a few exceptions, notably Tehran and Damascus siding firmly with Moscow, the immediate response of the MENA countries to the invasion appeared equivocal. Almost all of them approved the UN General Assembly resolutions on 2 March and 24 March – the first deploring Russia’s breach of Ukraine’s sovereignty and demanding Russia’s military withdrawal from Ukrainian

in Russian strategy in the Middle East and North Africa
Derek Averre

response, Russian officials have cited guidelines for delivering humanitarian aid under UN General Assembly resolution 46/182 (1991, annexe 3), stating that it should be based on the consent of the target country and respect for sovereignty, territorial integrity and national unity and criticising the ‘politicisation’ of human rights by Western countries in order to settle scores with political opponents

in Russian strategy in the Middle East and North Africa
State fragmentation, inter-state rivalries and international discord
Derek Averre

exercises, which may portend the use by Russia of Egypt’s military infrastructure ( Barmin 2018 b, 9). At the same time, Egypt came under Western pressure for its position on the Russia–Ukraine war, which prompted Cairo – along with the majority of MENA countries – to back the UN General Assembly resolution ES-11/4 condemning the Russian invasion and demanding the withdrawal

in Russian strategy in the Middle East and North Africa
Kelly-Kate Pease

.un.org/apps/news/story.asp?NewsID=48103#.VAkEUY10zmQ . 34 United Nations General Assembly Resolution 1761 (November 6, 1962): A/RES/1761. 35 See United Nations General Assembly Resolution 3201, “Declaration on the Establishment of a New International Economic Order” (May 1, 1974): A/RES/S-6/3201. The right to development was formally recognized by United Nations General Assembly Resolution A/RES/41128 (December 4, 1986). 36 David P. Forsythe, Human Rights in International Relations (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2000), 66. 37 “At the Opening of the

in Human rights and humanitarian diplomacy
Kelly-Kate Pease

the rights articulated in the Universal Declaration of Human Rights (UDHR) (1948) and the International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights (ICCPR) (1966) (and its two optional protocols), and the International Covenant on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights (ICESCR) (1966). 1 The UDHR is a nonbinding UN General Assembly resolution that represents the existing international consensus regarding the definition and importance of human rights in the post-World War II order. This is not to say that other human rights do not exist, only that those rights have

in Human rights and humanitarian diplomacy
Kelly-Kate Pease

aspirational and an internal matter for individual states to decide. Robinson was also unpopular with the United States because of her use of public diplomacy in speaking out against violations occurring in Israeli occupied territories, and her unwillingness to challenge attacks on Israel and Zionism at the 2001 World Conference Against Racism, Racial Discrimination, Xenophobia and Related Intolerance in South Africa. Even though the notorious “Zionism Equals Racism” General Assembly resolution was rescinded in 1991, the UN has had difficulty shaking its anti-Israeli bias

in Human rights and humanitarian diplomacy
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Arms, energy and ideology
Robert Mason

provision in the Middle East and without any vested interests in the conflict, Saudi Arabia and the UAE initially appeared unwilling to accept the US position on Russia. The UAE, along with China and India, abstained in the first UN Security Council vote on 25 February 2022 aimed at denouncing the Russian invasion, but backed a similar UN General Assembly resolution on 2 March. NATO–Russia tensions over the 2022 war in Ukraine initially made it less likely that Russia would push Iran to support a new JCPOA with the US, and Russia sought assurances that US sanctions would

in Saudi Arabia and the United Arab Emirates
Resisting the ‘new normal’?
Asem Khalil

that the inclusion of Europe and the EU serves a practical reason for Palestinian students: competence in European affairs is perceived as relevant for better career opportunities, and not only for those who aspire to work in the nascent Palestinian Ministry of Foreign Affairs or the much older diplomatic work of the PLO. Interest in Palestine’s foreign and human rights policies has been reinvigorated following the 2012 UN General Assembly resolution 67/19 recognising Palestine as a non-member observer state, and

in Knowledge production in higher education
Abstract only
Managing an AI future
James Johnson

Assembly resolutions on the topic. Specifically, the UN expressed general concern that emerging technologies (especially cyber) might be used for nefarious purposes, “inconsistent with the objectives of maintaining international stability and security,” and the body proposed an expert panel to consider “possible cooperative measures to address them, including norms, rules, or principles” of states. 50 In 2015, the expert panel articulated a set of core norms to “prevent the proliferation of malicious information

in Artificial intelligence and the future of warfare
Between expansionist ambitions and hegemonic constraints
Eric Lob

, Togo, and Zimbabwe, among other African countries, voted against UN General Assembly resolutions condemning Iran's human rights record. 83 However, between 2010 and 2013, Comoros, Gambia, Malawi, and Senegal changed their previous positions by voting for such resolutions. 84 As indicated later, in the cases of Gambia and Senegal, this decision coincided with their cutting of diplomatic ties with the IRI in response to its alleged arming of local rebels

in The Gulf States and the Horn of Africa