been, and set out a framework for a managed end to colonialism.
A sense of these changes can be observed by comparing the 1937 Peel Commission's proposals to partition Palestine to the 1947 UN Partition Plan in GeneralAssemblyResolution 181 (II).
Whereas the Peel Commission's proposal envisaged a forcible exchange of populations between Arabs and Jews and continued British rule, the UN's plan excluded both possibilities, and went even further by calling on the
the way of comparative work.
Yet, the partitions of British India and mandate Palestine make useful comparisons, not only because they were administered by the same power, but also because they occurred within months of each other in the early stages of the Cold War. Significantly, India and Pakistan voted against UN GeneralAssemblyResolution 181 (II) of 29 November 1947 (hereafter ‘the UN Partition Plan for Palestine’), even though their leaders accepted the partition of the Indian subcontinent as the price of
The politics of migration in the final days of Rhodesia and apartheid South Africa, 1970–94
Jean P. Smith
36/1634, D.R. Upton, Memorandum, ‘Encouraging White
Emigration from Rhodesia’, 18 July 1974.
Brownell, Collapse of Rhodesia , pp.
UN GeneralAssembly, Resolution 2396, ‘The policies of
apartheid of the Government of South Africa’, 2 December 1968, p. 20. For more on the
role of the United Nations in the struggle against see Dubow, Apartheid , pp. 47–50, 83, 191, 278; Newell
M. Stultz, ‘Evolution of the United Nations Anti-Apartheid Regime