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Manchester Rotarians and refugees
Bill Williams

19 ‘Humanitarianism of the greatest value’: Manchester Rotarians and refugees It does not appear than any other Christian denomination but the Quakers set up a refugee committee or in other ways reached out consistently to refugees. William Hodgkins, minister of the Congregationalist Chapel in Oldham Road, wrote articles in support of refugees in the Manchester City News, including one which lavished fulsome praise on the refugees for their contribution to Manchester life, but there is no evidence that he or his chapel were otherwise active on their behalf. There

in ‘Jews and other foreigners’
Abstract only
Genealogies of Shiʿa humanitarianism in Pakistan, England, and Iraq
Till Mostowlansky

Starting with the seminal work of Carl Schmitt (1985[ 1922 ]), scholars of political theology have always been interested in the examination of the religious roots of modern secular formations. 1 For instance, most recently, Wydra ( 2015 ) argues that ‘transcendence’ has had a continuous historical presence in political processes up to the present day. Applying this observation to the study of humanitarian reason, Fassin ( 2012 ) frames humanitarianism as a political theology that is historically rooted in Christianity. He situates his argument in a

in Political theologies and development in Asia

This book is the fruit of twenty years’ reflection on Islamic charities, both in practical terms and as a key to understand the crisis in contemporary Islam. On the one hand Islam is undervalued as a global moral and political force whose admirable qualities are exemplified in its strong tradition of charitable giving. On the other hand, it suffers from a crisis of authority that cannot be blamed entirely on the history of colonialism and stigmatization to which Muslims have undoubtedly been subjected – most recently, as a result of the "war on terror". The book consists of seventeen previously published chapters, with a general Introduction and new prefatory material for each chapter. The first nine chapters review the current situation of Islamic charities from many different viewpoints – theological, historical, diplomatic, legal, sociological and ethnographic – with first-hand data from the United States, Britain, Israel–Palestine, Mali and Indonesia. Chapters 10 to 17 expand the coverage to explore the potential for a twenty-first century "Islamic humanism" that would be devised by Muslims in the light of the human sciences and institutionalized throughout the Muslim world. This means addressing contentious topics such as religious toleration and the meaning of jihad. The intended readership includes academics and students at all levels, professionals concerned with aid and development, and all who have an interest in the future of Islam.

Manchester and the rescue of the victims of European fascism, 1933–1940
Author: Bill Williams

Between 1933 and 1940, Manchester received between seven and eight thousand refugees from Fascist Europe. They included Jewish academics expelled from universities in Germany, Austria, Spain and Italy. Around two hundred were children from the Basque country of Spain evacuated to Britain on a temporary basis in 1937 as the fighting of the Spanish Civil War neared their home towns. Most were refugees fleeing Nazi persecution in Germany, Austria and Czechoslovakia. As much as 95% of the refugees from Nazism were Jews threatened by the increasingly violent anti-Semitism of the Nazi regime. The rest were Communists, Social Democrats, Pacifists, Liberals, Confessional Christians and Sudeten Germans. There have been several valuable studies of the response of the British government to the refugee crisis. This study seeks to assess the responses in one city—Manchester—which had long cultivated an image of itself as a ‘liberal city’. Using documentary and oral sources, including interviews with Manchester refugees, it explores the work of those sectors of local society that took part in the work of rescue: Jewish communal organisations, the Society of Friends, the Rotarians, the University of Manchester, secondary schools in and around Manchester, pacifist bodies, the Roman Catholic Church and industrialists from the Manchester region. The book considers the reasons for their choices to help to assesses their degree of success and the forces which limited their effectiveness.

Jonathan Benthall

). The president said that ‘the new zakat committees are like a pool of water’ and that one drop of ink would pollute the whole pool. The drop of ink was anybody with links to Hamas. The following chapter will compare many different types of purity seeking. It is itself an attempt to clarify the muddy no man’s land between religion and humanitarianism. I assume as

in Islamic charities and Islamic humanism in troubled times
Abstract only
Changing ministries
Carmen Mangion

chapter primarily addresses. Rather than exploring institutional strategies, this chapter examines individual efforts of women religious. The determination of women religious to stand with the poor and marginalised was intrinsic to experimental ministries and undergirded a humanitarianism that would be political, without being overtly activist or protest-oriented. 28 Change took place within a particular context, four aspects of which can be singled out as significant. First was a Catholic theological dimension that emanated from the nouvelle théologie of the 1930s

in Catholic nuns and sisters in a secular age
Theology and theologians
Benjamin J. Elton

Hoffman argued that the development of the Oral Law was affected by the dispositions of the Talmudic sages, for example Mar Samuel’s ‘humanitarianism.’ As Hoffman wrote, ‘it is obvious that very 58 Religious and historical context many old mishnahyot have undergone . . . transformations through the diverging explanations of the later Tannaim’ who transmitted teachings ‘in the formulation that appeared fittest to him’.34 He also quoted radical Wissenschaft scholars, like Zunz and Geiger, in his works.35 The existence of these attitudes in Hildesheimer’s seminary

in Britain’s Chief Rabbis and the religious character of Anglo-Jewry, 1880–1970
Helen Rogers

some into action, for many recent historians it betrays the disciplinary rhetoric underpinning contemporary philanthropy and humanitarianism. Soon after she organised women inmates into classes, Fry proclaimed, ‘Already, from being like wild beasts, they appear harmless and kind’.24 Her programme of kindness mixed with strictness, devised in her first few weeks at Newgate, constituted a ‘powerful sympathy’, claims Randall McGowen, defined by class ideology as much as Christian piety.25 In this view, philanthropic recognition of the outcasts’ humanity – that they were

in Making and remaking saints in nineteenth-century Britain
Benjamin J. Elton

might be challenging to the community and might court unpopularity. As he said, ‘the Rabbi dare not decide [Jewish law] . . . because he wishes to be described as a tolerant and easy going . . . who contrasts his humanitarianism . . . with the “barbarism” or bondage of the laws enacted in days gone by and which ought to be discarded’ – similar sentiments to those which we have seen animated Adler and Hertz .81 Brodie however continued the expansive policy of his predecessors and although, just like Adler and Hertz, he encouraged synagogues to abandon mixed choirs he

in Britain’s Chief Rabbis and the religious character of Anglo-Jewry, 1880–1970
St James’, Bury St Edmunds, 1692–1720
Andrew Sneddon

. Bultman, ‘The roots of Anglican humanitarianism: a study of the membership of the S.P.C.K. and the S.P.G., 1699–1720’ in Historical Magazine of the Protestant Episcopal Church, xxxiii (1966), 14. 60 Hutchinson, Sermon preached . . . 25 Mar. 1707, p. 17. Curate at Bury St Edmunds 31 Anglican faith. They distributed religious tracts and proselytising material, catechised their flocks and founded charity schools. Furthermore, as in Hutchinson’s case, they often conducted these programmes under the guidance of the S.P.C.K.61 The S.P.C.K. was a non-partisan, predominately

in Witchcraft and Whigs