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Selective humanity in the Anglophone world

This book examines the shifting relationship between humanitarianism and the expansion, consolidation and postcolonial transformation of the Anglophone world across three centuries.

Rather than exploring this relationship within a generalised narrative, an introductory essay sets out its key features throughout the imperial and post-imperial period, before carefully selected chapters explore trade-offs between humane concern and the altered context of colonial and postcolonial realpolitik with case studies distributed between the late eighteenth and late twentieth centuries.

Together, the collection enables us to tease out the relationship between British humanitarian concerns and the uneven imagination and application of emancipation; the shifting tensions between ameliorative humanitarianism and assertive human rights; the specificities of humanitarian governance; the shifting locales of humanitarian donors, practitioners and recipients as decolonisation reconfigured imperial relationships; and the overarching question of who Anglo humanitarianism is for.

Aboriginal slavery and white Australia
Amanda Nettelbeck

intervene in race exploitation. It did so just at the moment when an idea of white Australian sovereignty was being shored up in other areas of law and policy. 3 A growing body of scholarship has revisited humanitarianism’s historical entanglements with nation-building projects to unpack how humanitarians’ long-term objectives, so often grounded in values of universal humanity, allowed new sovereign powers to

in Humanitarianism, empire and transnationalism, 1760–1995
The tragic story of theAboriginal prison on Rottnest Island, Western Australia, 1838–1903
Ann Wood

left returned whenever possible to their country and community. In the genocidal context of settler colonialism, then, humanitarianism had become profoundly paradoxical. At times it seems inaccurate to describe the men I have discussed as humanitarians at all, so readily did many of them – the governors and figures like Moore, Clark and Cowan – see effective punishment as essential for colonisation and

in Humanitarianism, empire and transnationalism, 1760–1995
Nursing leaders of the League of Red Cross Societies between the wars
Melanie Oppenheimer

foundational years. In particular, the chapter draws attention to the gendered nature of humanitarianism and how women struggled in the world of masculinist humanitarianism in the aftermath of World War I. The model of humanitarianism established by Henri Dunant and entrenched within the International Committee of the Red Cross promoted a gendered approach to medical matters with nursing the domain of women, and medical

in Humanitarianism, empire and transnationalism, 1760–1995
Amnesty International in Australia
Jon Piccini

century. Historian Samuel Moyn argues that ‘the slow amalgamation of humanitarian concern for suffering with human rights’, sped up from the 1970s onwards, culminating in the two becoming ‘fused enterprises, with the former incorporating the latter and the latter justified in terms of the former’. 4 For Moyn, this process promoted humanitarianism’s ever-closer relationship with the power of the state, and showed how human

in Humanitarianism, empire and transnationalism, 1760–1995
Decolonisation, Globalisation, and International Responsibility

This book is about the impact of decolonisation on British society in the 1960s. It moves away from the traditional focus on cultural, media, and governmental archives to analyse public agency and civic forms of engagement with the declining empire. Through a close examination of middle-class associational life it broadens our understanding of who had a stake in decolonisation while also revealing the optimism and enthusiasm with which members of the British public developed visions for a post-imperial global role. By studying a wide range of associational organisations this book shows that globalisation and decolonisation opened up new opportunities for international engagement for middle-aged members of middle-class society. In the 1960s for many participants in associational life it became a civic duty to engage, understand, and intervene to help the shrinking world in which they lived. This book uncovers how associations and organisations acted on this sense of duty, developing projects that promoted friendship and hospitality as the foundations of world peace, visions for secular and religious forms of humanitarianism that encouraged relationships of both sympathy and solidarity with those in the global South, and plans to increase international understanding through educative activities. This book will be useful to scholars of modern British history, particularly those with interests in empire, internationalism, and civil society. The book is also designed to be accessible to undergraduates studying these areas.

Three centuries of Anglophone humanitarianism, empire and transnationalism
Trevor Burnard, Joy Damousi, and Alan Lester

concern for the welfare of others that has come to be known as humanitarianism. 3 In particular, they point to the earliest manifestation of humanitarian intervention, when one state acts, sometimes employing the military, against others in the interests of foreign subjects’ welfare. The instance they have in mind was the operation of the Royal Navy’s West Africa squadron antislavery patrols against other nations’ slave ships. While the

in Humanitarianism, empire and transnationalism, 1760–1995
The case of Rosemary Taylor, Elaine Moir and Margaret Moses
Joy Damousi

-to-day humanitarian work was consistently dangerous, chaotic, exhausting and ad hoc. By exploring this aspect of the activities of these three key actors, this chapter seeks to offer a distinctive contribution to histories of humanitarianism in the postwar period. Throughout the twentieth century, humanitarian activists have invariably been a part of a group or institution that has framed their actions and defined their objectives and

in Humanitarianism, empire and transnationalism, 1760–1995
Human rights and humanitarianism in the 1980s
Roland Burke

minimalistic posture of what eminent historian Samuel Moyn described as the ‘human rights breakthrough’ interacted with the vestigial endeavour for international redistributionism across the late 1970s and 1980s. By the end of the 1980s it was a reconfigured minimalism that proved ascendant, drawing the ambitious vision of the 1948 Universal Declaration of Human Rights closer to its older sibling, humanitarianism

in Humanitarianism, empire and transnationalism, 1760–1995
Education in the British Empire, 1830–1910
Author: Felicity Jensz

Nineteenth-century evangelical Protestant missionary groups commonly assumed that they were the most apt providers of education to non-Europeans in British colonies. Christian schooling was deemed imperative for modernising societies to withstand secularising forces. This significant study examines this assumption by drawing on key moments in the development of missionary education from the 1830s to the beginning of the twentieth century. The book is the first to survey the changing ideologies behind establishing mission schools across the spectrum of the British Empire. It examines the Negro Education Grant in the West Indies, the Aborigines Select Committee (British Settlements), missionary conferences in 1860 and 1910 as well as drawing on local voices and contexts from Southern Africa, British India and Sri Lanka to demonstrate the changing expectations for, engagement with and ideologies circulating around mission schools resulting from government policies and local responses. By the turn of the twentieth century, many colonial governments had encroached upon missionary schooling to such an extent that the symbiosis that had allowed missionary groups autonomy at the beginning of the century had morphed into an entanglement that secularised mission schools. The spread of ‘Western modernity’ through mission schools in British colonies affected local cultures and societies. It also threatened Christian religious moral authority, leading missionary societies by the World Missionary Conference in Edinburgh in 1910 to question the ambivalent legacy of missionary schooling, and to fear for the morality and religious sensibilities of their pupils, and indeed for morality within Britain and the Empire.