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John Kinsella

critiquing my own privileged position as consumer and ‘coloniser’ of place. To work with another poet, as I have with Iranian-Australian Ali Alizadeh, translating poetry from a culture I have largely been ‘outside’, is a liberating experience that co-polysituates both parties, and the texts being translated (though maybe not the poets … however, we had some feedback that suggested a sense of sharing that may have been polysituated for them, too). Further on in this section, I explore this collaboration and also look at translating work from a different period and culture

in Polysituatedness
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Dante studies in Victorian Britain
Federica Coluzzi

. The amateur and professional interest in the study of Dante brought together ‘Mancunians representing many different aspects of the life of their city’ (Speight, 1957: 4). Along with Dr Louis Casertelli (Bishop of Salford and Lecturer in Iranian Languages and Literatures) and Sig. A. Valgimigli (University Lecturer in Italian), who were respectively elected to the positions of President and Honorary Secretary, the society elected Mrs Rylands

in Dante beyond influence
Andrew Teverson

book has nothing to do with what I wrote’. 38 The worst was yet to come, however, when the Ayatollah Khomeini of Iran issued a fatwa (a decree) that demanded the execution of Rushdie and his publishers. The fatwa was read on Radio Tehran on Valentine’s Day 1989. ‘In the name of God Almighty’, Khomeini declared: I would like to inform all the intrepid Muslims in the world that the author of the book entitled The Satanic Verses , which has been compiled, printed and published in opposition to Islam, the Prophet and the Koran, as well as

in Salman Rushdie
Open Access (free)
Peter Morey

Zarathustra (also known as Zoroaster), who probably came from the north eastern region of modern day Iran. Very little is known about Zarathustra himself. Other than the seventeen Gathas or hymns attributed to him, nothing survives to offer a direct link between modern-day Zoroastrians and their prophet. Even dating Zarathustra and his teachings proves difficult. Several western scholars of Zoroastrianism have estimated that Zarathustra was active some time around the fifth or sixth centuries before Christ. However, there is a tradition among the Parsis that suggests that

in Rohinton Mistry
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The purity of revolt
Michael Richardson

it rises in what is now Turkey and flows along the borders between Turkey and Armenia and then Azerbaijan and Iran. At the time it also constituted the boundary between the Soviet Union and Turkey and Iran, thus on the one hand separating communist and capitalist as well as Christian and Muslim worlds. It was also marked in the then recent memory as the locus of the Armenian genocide committed by the Turks. By assuming the name Araxe, she may also have been bringing attention to the problem of boundaries and the difficulty of crossing them, as she learned during

in Surrealist women’s writing
Martine Pelletier

, Kazem Shahryari (an Iranian-born, Paris-based director), and French translator Emile-Jean Dumay, who had introduced Shahryari to Bolger’s work. Taken together, these plays by writers of different generations, genders, geographical origins and aesthetic sensibilities amount to a series of interventions aimed at bringing to the consciousness of Irish and international audiences the plight of those many immigrants and refugees seeking a new life in Ireland. They bear out Jason King’s contention that ‘more than any other literary or performing art form, the Irish theatre

in Irish literature since 1990
The Ground Beneath Her Feet and Fury
Andrew Teverson

art, feather-light shawls made from the chin-fluff of extinct mountain goats. (F, 3) In this frenzy of consumption, Solanka observes, cultures of all descriptions go down the gullet of US-led multinational capitalism – whether they are the marginalised cultures represented in the work of the ‘outsider’ artists, or the dominant cultures of once proud civilisations such as ancient Greece or imperial Rome. ‘Everyone was an American now,’ Solanka gloomily observes, ‘or at least Americanized’: Indians, Iranians, Uzbeks

in Salman Rushdie
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Roddy Doyle’s hyphenated identities
Eva Roa White

via football, ways that were new and sexy and beyond skepticism’ (Doyle, 2007: 101). However, Ray is very well aware of the difficulty to pin down ‘Irishness’ based on one factor only, as he realises that basing Irish nationality on the love of the Irish football team does not work. What led Ray to investigate the roots of national identity was his intercultural experience with a Polish football fan who embraced him, deliriously happy at Ireland’s victory over Iran in the 2002 World Cup playoffs: The idea – the thesis – had come to Ray in the minutes, three years

in Literary visions of multicultural Ireland
Tales of contemporary Dublin city life
Loredana Salis

8 9 As Bradley and Humphreys explain, ‘[i]n 1956, five hundred and thirty Hungarians … arrived in Ireland … Other refugee groups who have been offered protection of the Irish State are the Chileans (1973), Vietnamese ‘boat people’ (1979), Iranian Baha’i (1985), Bosnians (1992), and more recently the Kosovars (1999) … Bosnian refugees are … the largest group of programme refugee in Irish history to date’ (Bradley and Humphreys, 1999: 14). This study was published a year after Native City premiered. By then, there were 1,089 Bosnian refugees resident in Ireland

in Literary visions of multicultural Ireland
The structures of migration in Tales from Firozsha Baag
Peter Morey

landscape of ancient Iran, fighting battles, killing dragons, slaying demons and generally performing amazing deeds. There is more than a hint of such mythical heroic qualities in Savukshaw, and the tall tales told about him. Interpretation is problematised here via the response of the listeners. There seems to be a moral message lurking somewhere behind the veneer of success, but different listeners construe this message in different ways. On one level the story of Savukshaw is used to emphasise the dictum that practice makes perfect for aspiring cricketers. Yet Jehangir

in Rohinton Mistry