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A tale of two traumas
Brendan Geary

. Fairness is important and children develop a belief that if you keep God’s rules (don’t sin) you will be rewarded. Some people remain at this stage throughout their lives. A lot of traditional Irish Catholicism was rule-­based; moral behaviour was strongly related to adherence to Church discipline, especially in the area of sexual morality. Fowler suggests that most people reach Stage 3, which he calls Synthetic–Conventional faith. It is non-­analytical – therefore synthetic – and is characterized by conformity – therefore conventional, and this is achieved in

in From prosperity to austerity
The Catholic Church during the Celtic Tiger Years
Eamon Maher

1 Crisis, what crisis? The Catholic Church during the Celtic Tiger years Eamon Maher Any book purporting to offer a socio-­cultural critique of the Celtic Tiger cannot fail to deal with the thorny issue of Irish Catholicism. There is a commonly held belief that the Celtic Tiger hastened a wave of aggressive secularism that proved fatal to the hallowed status of organized religion in Ireland, and particularly to the majority faith, Roman Catholicism. However, such a perspective fails to recognize the steady decline in vocations to the priesthood from the beginning

in From prosperity to austerity
Catherine Maignant

Catholicism, the majority religion in Ireland, this particularly impacted on obedience, as is evidenced by the contrast between the proportion of people who identify as Catholics and those who trust the Church and respect its moral dictates. The pick and choose or à la carte attitude has become the norm, particularly in the area of tolerance and sexual morality. The sacralization of the body, and the ‘feel-­good’ ideal, have replaced the shame and guilt which were the trademark of Irish Catholicism since the nineteenth century. Self-­denial has been replaced by self

in From prosperity to austerity
Brian Hanley

and the Angelus on the national radio, and Radio Eireann itself … This was the public value system which was restraining the latent violence in our nation.161 Fennell suggested that ‘the two pillars of this system of civil values were Irish Catholicism and Sinn Féin nationalism – that remarkable synthesis of all the elements in Irish nationalism which was achieved between 1916 and 1921’.162 Now, Fennell saw the same forces that favoured liberalization as intent on undermining nationality. Despite his desire to include Ulster Protestants in a new Ireland, he

in The impact of the Troubles on the Republic of Ireland, 1968–79