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An Interview with Celso Amorim, Former Brazilian Foreign Minister
Juliano Fiori

seminar on democracy in the coming weeks, motivated by Lula’s situation. The seminar was the suggestion of Dominique de Villepin, who was French foreign minister and prime minister during the government of [President Jacques] Chirac. Villepin is a republican in the French sense, a democrat, but he isn’t a man of the Left. He recently said to me, ‘The world misses Brazil,’ because Brazil was bringing a soft power that isn’t only for its own benefit. As soon as we put our house in order… sure, it is clear that we need to stop cutting down the Amazon

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs
Abstract only
Eglantine Staunton

presidency: for instance, as shown in more detail in the Appendix, François Mitterrand had seven different prime ministers and four ministers of foreign affairs; Jacques Chirac had four prime ministers and five ministers of foreign affairs; Nicolas Sarkozy had one prime minister and three ministers of foreign affairs; and Hollande had two prime ministers and two ministers of foreign affairs. Each minister came with their own advisors. Consequently, this book specifies as far as possible which members of the executive it is referring to and pays particular attention to the

in France, humanitarian intervention and the responsibility to protect
Abstract only
transitions and challenges
Stanley R. Sloan

consultation process. The challenge for the Clinton administration and for US administrations before and after was to be a hegemon without acting like one. The administration had made the mistake of acting like one. The Madrid meeting endorsed the US preference, but not without significant grumbling by French President Jacques Chirac and others. The allies found much to complain about, including the fact that the United States wanted seats in the session for US senators who had been brought along with the US summit delegation to help ensure a favorable ratification

in Defense of the West (second edition)
Eglantine Staunton

affiliation (see Macleod and Voyer-Legér 2004 , 80; Treacher 2000 , 23). For instance, Charles de Gaulle declared, “the vocation of France is human, to serve the cause of the human being, the cause of freedom, the cause of the dignity of the human being” (in El Moustaoui 2011 , 291). 4 As the following chapters show, the presidencies of François Mitterrand, Jacques Chirac, Nicolas Sarkozy and François Hollande were no exceptions. As explained in more depth in the next section, the second influential ideational factor is

in France, humanitarian intervention and the responsibility to protect
France and the emergence of the responsibility to protect (2000–2004)
Eglantine Staunton

At the end of the 1990s, the international community questioned how to promote human rights without endangering state sovereignty. In response, the early 2000s saw the emergence of a new concept, R2P, in order to allow states to continue protecting beyond their borders, while addressing the issues raised by humanitarian intervention. 1 During this period President Jacques Chirac was in power thanks to his re-election in 2002. 2 Between 1997 and

in France, humanitarian intervention and the responsibility to protect
Edwin Bacon, Bettina Renz, and Julian Cooper

the Polish newspaper, Gazeta Wyborcza, and the Polish television channel TVP (14 January 2002), http://194.226.82.50/text/appears/2002/01/ 28773.shtml (last accessed 25 July 2005). Bacon 03 3/2/06 10:24 AM Page 71 The Chechen conflict 14 Ibid. See also Speech by President Putin and Questions and Answers during the Joint Press Conference with the French President Jacques Chirac (15 January 2002), http://194.226.82.50/text/appears/2002/01/28774.shtml (last accessed 25 July 2005). 15 The Annual Address of the President of the Russian Federation to the Federal

in Securitising Russia
Anglo-American ironies under Clinton, Blair, and Bush
David Ryan

/11 Bush wrote that he realized that the three busts ‘all depicted wartime leaders. I certainly didn’t have that in mind when I chose them.’ 50 Blair decided that 9/11 was a pivotal moment in world history and it was important for the British to be by the side of the Americans in this period of calamity. Both the German chancellor Gerhard Schröder and French president Jacques Chirac also reacted quickly. Schröder told the Bundestag that the country’s ‘full solidarity’ would be exercised. Chirac was the first foreign leader in New York a week after the attacks, where he

in Culture matters
Eglantine Staunton

The period 1994–99 constituted a challenging time for humanitarian intervention, as it faced strong international criticism before being contested by the end of the decade. In France, François Mitterrand completed his presidency and was replaced by President Jacques Chirac, whose first mandate lasted from 1995 to 2002. Both Mitterrand and Chirac had to work with governments from the opposite end of the political spectrum: the first cohabitation took place from 1993 to 1995 and forced left-wing President Mitterrand to work with a right

in France, humanitarian intervention and the responsibility to protect
Eglantine Staunton

realm of the participants or the wider academic community. However, this conference was different. It not only managed to gather key speakers such as the UN High Commissioner for refugees Jean-Pierre Hocke and the Nobel Peace Prize holder Lech Walesa, but was also opened and concluded by President Mitterrand and his Prime Minister Jacques Chirac respectively, thereby obtaining a lot of public attention (Staunton 2018 , 373). Mitterrand declared, “the first human right, you will agree, is the right to life, and the first duty is the assistance to a

in France, humanitarian intervention and the responsibility to protect
Consolidator or threat (2005–2011)?
Eglantine Staunton

2005 was the year R2P became an international principle rather than a concept, 2011 was the year it transitioned from being an international principle to being an international norm. The period 2005–12 also corresponded to the last sixteen months of Jacques Chirac's presidency (1995–2007) and to Nicolas Sarkozy's entire presidency (2007–12). 3 Because the right wing won the legislative elections, Sarkozy was able to work with a government and Parliament from the same political party as his own

in France, humanitarian intervention and the responsibility to protect