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An Interview with Celso Amorim, Former Brazilian Foreign Minister
Juliano Fiori

seminar on democracy in the coming weeks, motivated by Lula’s situation. The seminar was the suggestion of Dominique de Villepin, who was French foreign minister and prime minister during the government of [President Jacques] Chirac. Villepin is a republican in the French sense, a democrat, but he isn’t a man of the Left. He recently said to me, ‘The world misses Brazil,’ because Brazil was bringing a soft power that isn’t only for its own benefit. As soon as we put our house in order… sure, it is clear that we need to stop cutting down the Amazon

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs
Niilo Kauppi

and their representatives, Prime Minister Edouard Baladur and Jacques Chirac: unemployment and Europe (Mitterrand 1994; Rocard 1994; Stasi 1994). In effect, Europe became already in 1995 one of the two most important issues in French domestic politics: some would even say, the most important. In 2001, both main presidential candidates Jacques Chirac and Lionel Jospin had developed their own visions of Europe and of France in Europe. A clear example of the shifting political meaning of European institutions was the attempt by the Socialist Party to present Jacques

in Democracy, social resources and political power in the European Union
Niilo Kauppi

Madelin, included representatives of different wings of these three parties (RPR, DL and GE): from the followers of President Jacques Chirac to supporters of former Speaker of the National Assembly Philippe Séguin, former Prime Minister Alain Juppé, and various public figures, regional representatives, women politicians, and so on. In France proportional lists have to pass a 5 per cent threshold. If a list does not get 5 per cent of the total of votes, it gets no seats. In preventing the smallest coalitions from being represented, this threshold hinders the excessive

in Democracy, social resources and political power in the European Union
Abstract only
The EU’s odd couple
Tom Gallagher

state system ... [would] mean the end of the French Republic, and thus of France’. 89 The prospect of a ‘strategic bargain’ between France and Germany on political union which was up for discussion in a forthcoming inter-governmental conference was thus diminished. 90 It was Jacques Chirac who in 1995 became France’s President, someone who in the late 1970s had exclaimed against a ‘Europe which is dominated by Germano-American interests’. 91 Later, he was willing to pay lip-service to pro-EU orthodoxy – but only up to a point. Prospects for a new Europe shaped by

in Europe’s path to crisis
Harry Blutstein

. Surprisingly, 22 per cent said that they viewed globalisation less favourably as a result of the demonstrations.8 Unable to ignore this shift in public opinion, politicians responded. In France, the left called for ‘mondialisation maîtrisée’ (managed globalisation), while the right favoured ‘mondialisation humaine’ (globalisation with a human face).9 One of the most unexpected converts was President Jacques Chirac, who had introduced neoliberal reforms into France during the late 1990s. After protesters attacked the G-­8 meeting in Genoa, which he had just attended, Chirac

in The ascent of globalisation
Open Access (free)
Jocelyn A. J. Evans

this ‘diversity’ led to its absence from the second round. Moreover, to criticise Jacques Chirac for only winning 19 per cent of the vote and yet still win rather misses the point: Jacques Chirac has remained remarkably stable in his vote between 1981 and 2002, always winning between 18.0 per cent and 20.7 per cent of the vote (albeit this time as the incumbent). It is the other candidates who have collapsed. So the parties have learned that it does make sense to follow the system’s dynamics and cohere even when personalities, organisations and ideologies are not

in The French party system
Andrew Knapp

8 From the Gaullist movement to the president’s party Andrew Knapp The right From the Gaullist movement to the president’s party Introduction Most major European countries are content with just one major party of the centre-right: Britain’s Conservatives, Spain’s PPE, Germany’s CDU–CSU. France has always had at least two. The electoral cycle of April–June 2002, however, held out the prospect of change by transforming the fortunes of France’s centre-right in two ways. A double victory at the presidential and parliamentary elections kept Jacques Chirac in the

in The French party system
Open Access (free)
The break-up of a party confederation
Nicolas Sauger

more to the right, DL was notably one of the groups where Millon’s network in the shape of La Droite had more success.11 Conversely, New UDF found itself in a centrist position, which allowed it to win the Rhône-Alpes regional presidency, thanks to Socialist support. Nevertheless, the FN split in 1999, which destroyed most of its coalition potential,12 and Jacques Chirac’s continued opposition to any alliance, prevented this new cleavage from becoming entrenched. On the other hand, New UDF itself became more entrenched in the centre in broadening its catchment area

in The French party system
A child of the Kosovo crisis?
Paul Latawski and Martin A. Smith

as the most determined to see the WEU develop real operational capabilities and roles; to the detriment, some suspected, of NATO itself. A developing France-NATO rapprochement , begun under Mitterrand but especially evident from 1995 under his successor Jacques Chirac, thus had the consequence of helping to ensure that momentum was lost in the operational development of the WEU. 19 This is not to say that the WEU was simply

in The Kosovo crisis and the evolution of post-Cold War European security
Marcel H. Van Herpen

from the Thyssen company which sold forty-six tanks to Saudi Arabia. For this transaction Thyssen needed a suspension of export control limitations. Thyssen paid DM 1 million in cash into CDU secret accounts. Illegal party financing is at the heart of many corruption scandals in which politicians are involved. This includes cases of employing civil servants who, although paid from public funds, in fact work for the party – as was the case with Jacques Chirac when he was mayor of Paris. In a verdict passed in 2011 Chirac was declared guilty of having employed

in The end of populism