denoted boundaries between earthly kingdoms – the River Styx famously separated the land of the living from that of the dead, and JuliusCaesar's Rubicon separated the past to which we cannot return from a future of our own making. The river's ability to divide, connect, and transform make it more than simply a passive backdrop to human politics.
Environmental historians, perhaps because of their unique analytical focus, have long contemplated this co-constitution of social and natural worlds – indeed, environmental history is the record of that co
1983 : 20, 27–9).
By 1848, however, Baden had established a sense of identity with a favorable reputation among democrats and liberals across Europe. In addition, it boasted one of Germany's most centralized administrations and politically dominant bureaucracies (Lee 1991 : 248). Tulla and the Rhine played a role in this transformation.
First, rectifying the Rhine solidified political borders. The Rhine as a border has been contested since the Roman Empire. According to JuliusCaesar's records
offered up as a whole burnt-offering on the altar of peace. She is the sacrifice [while] Hitler marches with the consent of the architects of the system he has destroyed.’ 37 In private, Roosevelt compared Chamberlain to Judas Iscariot and branded Hitler a ‘wild man’ who believed himself to be ‘a reincarnation of JuliusCaesar and Jesus Christ’. 38 The United States could take no comfort in the fact that the fate of Europe was in the hands of such unreliable people.
Others decried Munich, but not on grounds of morality. Despite having a repressive racial order that
"On the political passions in Europe and America and their implications for Transatlantic History"
Charles S. Maier
Don Carlo , the conspirators in JuliusCaesar or Un Ballo in Maschera – all excited by political and personal passion to carry out a spectacular assassination. Their passions include jealousy and ambition in the first instance, the lust for power or for glory and preeminence, or alternatively the hatred of inequality; sometimes the thirst for liberty and hatred of authority, the commitment to national fatherland, and occasionally the belief in some vague total transformation of the present order.
Characteristic of the political passions is