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Conventional and alternative security scenarios
Roland Bleiker

D EALING WITH North Korea is perhaps one of the most difficult security challenges in global politics today. 1 Totalitarian and reclusive, ideologically isolated and economically ruined, it is the inherent ‘other’ in a globalized and neo-liberal world order. And yet, North Korea keeps surviving, not least because its leaders periodically rely

in Critical Security in the Asia-Pacific
Institutionalising ties amid strategic uncertainty
Robert Mason

Introduction Japan and the Republic of Korea (ROK) are both noted for their large imports of Middle East energy supplies. Alongside China, their economic relations with Saudi Arabia and the UAE grew rapidly in the 1980s. However, strategic realities in Asia continue to dominate intra-Asian relations, whether the demise of the USSR, security relations with the US, the rise of China, growing regionalism, energy considerations and new trade and investment opportunities due to the Arab Gulf Vision strategies. Always present is

in Saudi Arabia and the United Arab Emirates
Nuclear weapons in the US–South Korea alliance
Stephan Frühling
Andrew O'Neil

Situated in one of the most militarised regions in the world, South Korea has a long-standing relationship with nuclear weapons that is evident in three domains. The first is that South Korea initiated and subsequently shelved an indigenous nuclear weapons programme. Fearing abandonment and looking to reinforce South Korea’s capacity for military self-reliance in the face

in Partners in deterrence
US nuclear weapons and alliances in Europe and Asia

From the start of the Cold War to the presidency of Donald Trump, nuclear weapons have been central to the internal dynamics of US alliances in Europe and Asia. But cooperation on policy, strategy, posture and deployment of US nuclear weapons has varied significantly between US alliances and over time. Partners in Deterrence goes beyond traditional accounts that focus on deterrence and reassurance in US nuclear policy, and instead places the objectives and influence of US allies at the centre of analysis. Through a series of case studies informed by a rigorous analytical framework, it reveals that US allies have wielded significant influence in shaping nuclear weapons cooperation with the US in ways that reflect their own, often idiosyncratic, objectives. Combining in-depth empirical analysis with an accessible theoretical lens, Partners in Deterrence provides important lessons for contemporary policy makers and makes an essential contribution to existing scholarship on alliances and nuclear weapons.

A psychosocial reflection on interacting with a far-right activist
Yutaka Yoshida

2019 ); the cycle of mutual hate between Israel and Palestine and the possibility of the amendment of the relationship ( Benjamin 2017 ); denialism regarding the atrocities of Austrian Nazis in the post-war era ( Leeb 2018 ); and the emergence of hate movements against Korean minorities in Japan ( Kawamura and Iwabuchi 2022 ). In recent years, criminologists have used psychoanalytic ideas to understand the

in The ethics of researching the far right
Florina Cristiana Matei

from United Nations ( 2019 ). 12 Conducted in Hawaii, RIMPAC brings together armed forces representatives from Australia, Brunei, Canada, Chile, Colombia, France, Germany, India, Indonesia, Israel, Japan, Malaysia, Mexico, Netherlands, New Zealand, Peru, the Republic of Korea, the Republic of the Philippines, Singapore, Sri Lanka, Thailand, Tonga, the UK, the United States and Vietnam. 13 ‘Northern Star’ alternates every other year with exercise

in Governing the military
Abstract only
Advancing the governance of the military
Carlos Solar

regional development and security initiatives. Assessing military governance is, nonetheless, not the same in 1990 as in 2022. Much has transpired since the fashionable ‘protected democracies’ model (1978–1994), where the military intervened to restore order and deal with problems civilians refused or we unable to resolve. In Greece, Turkey, the Philippines, South Korea, and throughout Latin America, civilians took over from military and personalist dictatorships. Nowadays we question whether the military still take too

in Governing the military
The Iranian nuclear programme, international sanctions and regional policy
Kayhan Valadbaygi

and wants European business, especially in the energy sector, to invest’ but the way Iran was being treated by the United States ‘was playing into the hands of the fundamentalists in Tehran’. The Iranian Embassy in London similarly portrayed the coercive foreign policy of Bush as a dangerous strategy that would move Iran ‘to go down the same path as North Korea rather than towards “Westernisation

in Capitalism in contemporary Iran
Abstract only
A historical materialist approach
Kayhan Valadbaygi

US capital, multilateral institutions and European investors have more strength, prestige and networks worldwide than their Chinese counterparts. Western loans and investments are still preferred to China’s, whether in Europe, Africa or Asia. In addition, the US and its allies, such as the European Union (EU), Japan and South Korea, have technological

in Capitalism in contemporary Iran
Kayhan Valadbaygi

-affiliated Tadbir Economic Development Group, Afkhami (cited in Dehghanpishesh and Stecklow, 2013 ): In South Korea, companies like Samsung, LG and Hyundai have had an impact on development. In China, Japan, Brazil, Germany and America it is the same … We saw that in Iran we don’t have these large corporations. With this

in Capitalism in contemporary Iran