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Catalysts for reform of the Oireachtas role in European Union affairs
Gavin Barrett

145 4 The Lisbon Treaty and economic crisis: catalysts for reform of the Oireachtas role in European Union affairs Introduction: the impact of the Lisbon Treaty and the 2008–​2013 economic crises The Oireachtas role in European policy is evolving. If the rate of change is slow, powerful forces are, nonetheless, over time producing an altered landscape. Chapter 5 offers a perspective on the present-​day Oireachtas role. The focus of this chapter is on the process of change. Two of the greatest recent catalysts for change have been (a) the evolution and entry

in The evolving role of national parliaments in the European Union
Christian Kaunert

The Lisbon Treaty and the constitutionalisation of the European Union When final result showed 67.1 per cent of Irish voters in favour of the Lisbon Treaty, with 32.9 per cent voting against, Irish political elites were visibly relieved. Irish Taoiseach Brian Cowen celebrated that ‘today we have done the right thing for our own future and the future of our children

in European internal security
Towards supranational governance in the Area of Freedom, Security and Justice

The European Commission had become one of the more contentious actors during both Irish referenda on the Lisbon Treaty. This book discusses the role of the European Commission and institutions more generally, as well as the policy area of justice and home affairs. It argues that it is important to evaluate the role of EU institutions for the process of European integration. The book suggests a reconceptualisation of the framework of supranational policy entrepreneurs (SPEs), which is often referred to by the academic literature that discusses the role of agency in European integration. It focuses on the Area of Freedom, Security and Justice (AFSJ) at the policy and treaty levels; primarily on four grounds: academic literature, SPE behaviour, EU's policymaking, and the interplay between treaty negotiations and policy-making. To analyse the role of the European institutions, the book combines an analysis of the Lisbon Treaty in relation to the Area of Freedom, Security and Justice with an analysis of the policy-making in the same area. The public policy model by John Kingdon with constructivist international relations literature is also outlined. The external dimension of counter-terrorism in the EU; the role of the EU institutions in EU asylum and migration; and the role of he Common European Asylum System (CEAS) is discussed. The book also analyses the role of the EU institutions in the communitarisation of the Area of Freedom, Security and Justice, in the Treaty establishing a Constitution for Europe, and thus subsequently in the Lisbon Treaty.

Reflections on how the role of the Irish parliament in European affairs might be improved
Gavin Barrett

entitled “Enhancing the Role of the Oireachtas in EU Affairs”. A second Oireachtas Sub-​Committee, chaired by then-​Opposition TD Lucinda Creighton produced the Report of the Joint Sub-​Committee on the Review of the Role 282 282 National parliaments in the European Union of the Oireachtas in European Affairs5 (entirely concerned with the Oireachtas’ EU-​ related role) in July 2010. Both reports derived from the Lisbon Treaty’s ratification debate. The political impact of this Treaty for the Oireachtas thus rivalled its direct legal consequences. As Jacobs has

in The evolving role of national parliaments in the European Union
Gavin Barrett

European Union to make themselves visible in the conclusions of intergovernmental conferences (IGCs). The temporal peaks (or perhaps plateaus) in the debate have been the negotiation and ratification of the Treaty of Maastricht in 1990–​93, the negotiation and ratification of the Treaty of Amsterdam in 1995–​ 99, and the lengthy process of Treaty reform that began with the Convention on 4 4 National parliaments in the European Union the Future of Europe in 2001 and finally played itself out with the coming into force of the Lisbon Treaty in late 2009. In this chapter

in The evolving role of national parliaments in the European Union
Shivdeep Grewal

Zeitgeist , which Habermas had thought of since the 1970s as characterised by ‘cultural pessimism’ (McCarthy, 1997 : vii). The goal was to take the project of modernity further forward. The ‘prolonged depression’ in Europe anticipated by Habermas ( 2005 : 4) in the event of a French ‘No’ vote would form part of a deeper civilisation malaise, not just be a recurrence of Europessimism. Even after the rejection of the Lisbon Treaty by Irish voters in 2008, Habermas ( 2008a ) continued to campaign for the legitimation of Europe

in Habermas and European integration
Ireland as a case study
Author: Gavin Barrett

The role of national parliaments in the European Union (EU) has developed considerably over time. This book focuses on one parliament as a case study in this regard: the national parliament of Ireland, the Oireachtas. The basic structure of that parliament is modelled on that of the United Kingdom. Like the United Kingdom, Ireland joined the then European Communities on 1 January 1973. Within a relatively short period from the date of Ireland's joining the European Economic Community (EEC) in 1973, it became clear that major structural change to the Communities would be needed if the EEC were ever to fulfil its potential. The book examines the initial adaptations of its parliament to European integration and how Ireland's domestic parliamentary accommodation of membership slowly changed over time. It focuses on the considerable impact on domestic parliamentary arrangements of the recent banking and foreign debt crises and of the Treaty of Lisbon. An assessment of the role of the Oireachtas in European law and policy during the lifetimes of the 30th Dail (2007-11) and the 31st Dail (2011-16) follows. The book discusses the formation of the Joint Oireachtas Committee on European Union Affairs, which held its first meeting in private on 19 July 2016, and its first public meeting on 7 September. However, Ireland's position as a "slow adaptor" to European integration has meant that the Oireachtas has had more ground to make up than many other legislatures.

Public opinion from the economic crisis to Brexit
Kathryn Simpson

who oppose further sharing of sovereignty and are concerned about the impact Ireland’s involvement in the EU is having on Irish identity, values and culture. The multifaceted nature of Irish public opinion towards the EU was borne out in the rejection of the Nice Treaty in May 2001 and the Lisbon Treaty in June 2008. These votes highlighted the potential emergence of a new popular scepticism towards

in Ireland and the European Union
From opt-outs to solidarity?
Aideen Elliott

,000 applications were recorded. In 2015, Ireland received 3,276 applications for asylum, 0.2% of the EU total ( Eurostat 2015 ). Europeanisation of migration and asylum policies The Lisbon Treaty of 2007 was heralded as a game changer for EU migration and asylum law. Firstly, the treaty was seen as the moment when EU migration and asylum law became a policy field in its own right, freeing itself from being presented

in Ireland and the European Union
Economic relations between Ireland and the EU between the crash and Brexit
Patrick Gallagher, Fergal Rhatigan, and Seán Ó Riain

institutionalisation of “fiscal prudence” in the years after the crash. Between the second referendum on the Lisbon Treaty in 2009 and the Fiscal Treaty referendum in 2012, Ireland submitted to direct governance by the EU–IMF funders of a government bailout in 2010 and saw a general election in 2011 which decimated the governing Fianna Fáil party. The key element of the institutionalisation of fiscal

in Ireland and the European Union