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Biographical essays on twentieth-century writers and artists

The book contains eleven essays, with an introduction and index. Six of the essays focus chiefly on four pivotal members of the influential “Bloomsbury Group” – the artists Roger Fry and Vanessa Bell, the art critic Clive Bell, and the writer Virginia Woolf. Significant new light is shed on them, partly through the presentation of previously unpublished pictures, photographs, and texts, partly through the fresh examination of relevant manuscripts and images. At the same time the life and work of Fry’s wife, the artist Helen Coombe, and her feminist friend the suffragette-supporting inspector of prisons Mary Louisa Gordon, who were never “Bloomsberries”, receive close attention. The five non-Bloomsbury essays too are based on primary source-materials, including previously unpublished texts and images. The first presents thirteen letters from the British writer Rose Macaulay to the Irish poet and novelist Katharine Tynan. It is followed by two essays about the prodigious teenage talents and achievements of Dorothy L. Sayers, destined for fame as a detective novelist and religious writer. The penultimate piece is about the exotic origin and eventful life of Richard Williams Reynolds, who taught J. R. R. Tolkien at school; and the last illuminates the artist Tristram Hillier and especially the personally and professionally important first visit he made to Portugal in 1947. The collection combines homogeneity and variety, and this combination contributes to a rich and balanced picture of the cultural scene in the first half of the twentieth century.

Martin Ferguson Smith

I. Introduction 1. The Memoir Club The first meeting of the Bloomsbury Memoir Club was held on 4 March 1920. The Club was established by Mary (“Molly”) MacCarthy as a successor to the short-lived Novel Club, which she had founded in March 1913. One of her intentions, and perhaps the main one, was to encourage her literary-journalist husband, Desmond MacCarthy, to produce a substantial piece of work. From this point of view, her initiative was a failure. Membership of the Memoir Club was

in In and out of Bloomsbury
Abstract only
Martin Ferguson Smith

conscience about the affair, given that Clive, far from being a paragon of marital fidelity, was an inveterate womaniser. His first adulterous relationship is the subject of 3 , which, researched and written in collaboration with Helen Walasek, is the first publication and detailed discussion of the frank and entertaining account Clive gave the (Bloomsbury) Memoir Club in 1921 of his long-running affair with Annie Raven-Hill, the wife of the illustrator and Punch cartoonist Leonard Raven-Hill. Our publication of

in In and out of Bloomsbury
Martin Ferguson Smith

with Vanessa, and, after its resumption, ran on until 1914. Frank details of it are contained in a paper he read to the (Bloomsbury Group) Memoir Club on 2 February 1921. The paper is presented and fully discussed in Essay 3 . In view of Clive’s infidelities, he was in no position to complain if Vanessa looked elsewhere for love and sexual satisfaction. But, although the two were no longer in love, they were still good and affectionate friends; she knew that he was not in love with Annie, and, as we

in In and out of Bloomsbury
Open Access (free)
Jonathan Atkin

, 1980), pp. 75–6. 24 J.M. Keynes, ‘My Early Beliefs’ (first read to the Bloomsbury Memoir Club in September 1938) Collected Writings of J.M. Keynes, Volume X: Essays in Biography, ed. Elizabeth Johnson (London, 1972), pp. 435, 446. 25 Raymond Williams, ‘Bloomsbury as a Social and Cultural Group’, Lecture 2, Keynes and the Bloomsbury Group, p. 62. 26 J.M. Keynes to N. Keynes, 14 Aug. 1914, cited in Sally Weston, ‘Bertrand Russell, Leonard Woolf and John Maynard Keynes – A Biographical Examination of the Influences Established before 1914, which Dictated their Reaction

in A war of individuals
Situating The Beetle within the fin-de-siècle fiction of Gothic Egypt
Ailise Bulfin

revolution’, p. 236. 35 R. Aickman, The Attempted Rescue (1966; Leyburn: Tartarus Press, 2001), p. 10. 36 W. S. Blunt, ‘The wind and the whirlwind’ (1883), reprinted in A Secret History, pp. 404–16 (p. 414). 37 See the 1895 and 1907 prefaces and 1922 publisher’s note to the edition of A Secret History listed above. 38 Blunt, Secret History, p. v. 39 E. Dicey, ‘The future of Egypt’, Nineteenth Century, 44 (December 1898), 881–96 (p. 881). 40 Henry Keown-Boyd, The Lion and the Sphinx: The Rise and Fall of the British in Egypt, 1882–1956 (Durham, Spennymoor: Memoir Club

in Richard Marsh, popular fiction and literary culture, 1890–1915