Search results

You are looking at 1 - 10 of 143 items for :

  • "Michel Foucault" x
  • Refine by access: All content x
Clear All
Natalie Bormann

9780719074707_4_C01.qxd 10/06/2008 11:14 AM Page 13 1 Michel Foucault and NMD When proposing to analyse the discursive articulations of foreign policy threats, two notions stand out as significant. First, discursive practices are constitutive of that which determines the meaning of foreign policy phenomena to begin with. These practices are sites, or platforms, where the politics of identity performs in its reconstruction of boundaries – along the lines of foreign and domestic, inside and outside, self and other. Second, the foreign policy

in National missile defence and the politics of US identity
A poststructural critique
Author: Natalie Bormann

Why adopt a poststructural perspective when reading about the military strategy of national missile defence (NMD)? Certainly, when considering how best to defend the United States against attack by intercontinental ballistic missiles, the value of critical international relations theory may be easy to overlook. So, how might the insight of scholars such as Michel Foucault contribute to our understanding of the decision-making processes behind NMD policy? The deployment of NMD is a sensitive political issue. Official justification for the significance of the NMD system is based upon strategic feasibility studies and conventional threat predictions guided by worst-case scenarios. However, this approach fails to address three key issues: the ambiguous and uncertain nature of the threat to which NMD responds; controversy over technological feasibility; and concern about cost. So, in light of these issues, why does NMD continue to stimulate such considerable interest and secure ongoing investment? Presented as an analysis of discourses on threats to national security – around which the need for NMD deployment is predominately framed – this book argues that the preferences underlying NMD deployment are driven by considerations beyond the scope of strategic approaches and issues. The conventional wisdom supporting NMD is contested using interpretive modes of inquiry provided by critical social theory and poststructuralism, and it is suggested that NMD strategy should be viewed in the context of US national identity. The book seeks to establish a dialogue between the fields of critical international relations theory and US foreign policy.

Elke Schwarz

. Hannah Arendt, On Revolution (2006a: 49) [W]hat occurred in the eighteenth century in some Western countries … was a different phenomenon having perhaps a wider impact than the new morality; this was nothing less than the entry of life into history. Michel Foucault, The Will to Knowledge (1998: 141) While

in Death machines
Introducing the governmentality turn
Claire Edwards and Eluska Fernández

. Social Theory & Health, 14(2): 256–274. Finn, D. (2011) Ireland on the turn? Political and economic consequences of the crash. New Left Review, 67: 5–39. Foucault, M. (1967) Madness and Civilisation. London, Tavistock. Foucault, M. (1973) The Birth of the Clinic: An Archaeology of Medical Perception. London, Tavistock. Foucault, M. (1982) The subject and power. IN: Dreyfus, H. and Rabinow, P. (eds) Michel Foucault: Beyond Structuralism and Hermeneutics. Chicago, University of Chicago Press: pp. 208–228. Foucault, M. (1988) Technologies of the self. IN: Martin, L

in Reframing health and health policy in Ireland
A governmental analysis
Ciara O’Dwyer

governmentality more generally. Governmentality and long-term care policy Michel Foucault’s concepts and ideas on power have become influential in a variety of disciplines. One of the key characteristics of his conceptualisation of power is that, rather than an oppressive, or negative, force, it should be seen more as a pervasive, subtle force through which individuals can be influenced or manipulated to think in a certain way. This is achieved by using various ‘technologies of the self’, namely, the methods used by subjects to transform themselves in order to achieve a certain

in Reframing health and health policy in Ireland
The dead body, the individual and the limits of medicine
Órla O’Donovan

French philosopher and historian Michel Foucault’s concept ‘governmentality’, it can be seen as a policy objective to ‘conduct the conduct’ of people in regard to organ donation. In this era of neoliberal austerity when the Irish state is withdrawing responsibility for the provision of health services, evident in ‘cost-shifting by government back onto households’ (Thomas, Burke and Barry, 2014: 1546), this is a new form of intervention it has taken on. Foucault’s fusion of ‘government’ with ‘mentality’ to form the term ‘governmentality’ signified a radical rethinking

in Reframing health and health policy in Ireland
Abstract only
Saul Newman

between the sophistication of new surveillance technology, and the extremity and crudeness of the law, that we are increasingly trapped. The ‘micro-physics’ of power: Michel Foucault The developments and transformations of power, from the classical age to modernity and beyond, have been extensively analysed by Foucault. Foucault charted, during the eighteenth and nineteenth centuries, the emergence of the ‘disciplines’ – a new network of power relations, discourses and institutional practices – that had as their aim, function and effect the normalisation of the

in Unstable universalities
Total history and the H-Blocks in film
George Legg

progress. To be entangled in this process is to touch upon the sense of boredom that Thomas Dumm has described as arising ‘when people find experience infiltrated by a process of ordering that diminishes the uniqueness of their lives’.19 Such a view is, in turn, close to Michel Foucault’s famous conception of history as a twofold ‘questioning of the document’.20 For what is being described here is not only the construction of a seamless sense of h­ istory – ­the continuum of past into present that Foucault associates with a ‘total history’ – but also the destruction of

in Northern Ireland and the politics of boredom
Michael Loadenthal

The lack of stable, centrally-located, canonical texts in insurrectionary anarchism is mirrored in other more traditional accounts of political violence. Insurrectionary theory aligns with the critical critique of securitization, labeling the statist determinations as "narrow, inadequate and immoral in the context of 'real' security threats to the individual". The poststructural reading of power, one wherein control is disembodied from a physical site and is instead transnational, omnipresent, and yet operating invisibly, is a highly influential aspect of modern insurrectionary critique. In a more generalized viewpoint, other insurrectionary thinkers have theorized on "The Totality" of oppression drawing more from Michel Foucault's reading of power than politics. Globally, the insurrectionary tendency is situated within the larger anarchist, communist, and anti-authoritarian movements but has served to redefine the subject vis-à-vis systemic violence.

in The politics of attack
Abstract only
Peter Triantafillou and Naja Vucina

This conclusion presents some closing thoughts on concepts discussed in this book. The book shows that contemporary health politics in England and Denmark has undergone a substantial mutation since the 1980s. Based on the analysis of obesity control and mental recovery, it argues that health promotion strategies and interventions have supplemented and partially recast earlier curative and preventive approaches in both England and Denmark. Both in the area of obesity control and mental recovery, health promotion interventions have tried to invoke and mobilize the institutional environment of the obese and the mentally ill to enhance their capacities to take care of themselves. Michel Foucault's concepts of biopower and governmentality are both relevant to understanding contemporary health promotion interventions in liberal democracies. The book addresses the optimistic vitalism underpinning contemporary health promotion.

in The politics of health promotion