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Introducing the governmentality turn
Claire Edwards and Eluska Fernández

. Social Theory & Health, 14(2): 256–274. Finn, D. (2011) Ireland on the turn? Political and economic consequences of the crash. New Left Review, 67: 5–39. Foucault, M. (1967) Madness and Civilisation. London, Tavistock. Foucault, M. (1973) The Birth of the Clinic: An Archaeology of Medical Perception. London, Tavistock. Foucault, M. (1982) The subject and power. IN: Dreyfus, H. and Rabinow, P. (eds) Michel Foucault: Beyond Structuralism and Hermeneutics. Chicago, University of Chicago Press: pp. 208–228. Foucault, M. (1988) Technologies of the self. IN: Martin, L

in Reframing health and health policy in Ireland
A governmental analysis
Ciara O’Dwyer

governmentality more generally. Governmentality and long-term care policy Michel Foucault’s concepts and ideas on power have become influential in a variety of disciplines. One of the key characteristics of his conceptualisation of power is that, rather than an oppressive, or negative, force, it should be seen more as a pervasive, subtle force through which individuals can be influenced or manipulated to think in a certain way. This is achieved by using various ‘technologies of the self’, namely, the methods used by subjects to transform themselves in order to achieve a certain

in Reframing health and health policy in Ireland
The dead body, the individual and the limits of medicine
Órla O’Donovan

French philosopher and historian Michel Foucault’s concept ‘governmentality’, it can be seen as a policy objective to ‘conduct the conduct’ of people in regard to organ donation. In this era of neoliberal austerity when the Irish state is withdrawing responsibility for the provision of health services, evident in ‘cost-shifting by government back onto households’ (Thomas, Burke and Barry, 2014: 1546), this is a new form of intervention it has taken on. Foucault’s fusion of ‘government’ with ‘mentality’ to form the term ‘governmentality’ signified a radical rethinking

in Reframing health and health policy in Ireland
Reason and relation in the work cure
Jennifer Laws

of Friends (York: W. Alexander, 1813), p. 153.   2 Anne Digby, Madness, Morality and Medicine: A study of the York Retreat, 1796– 1914 (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1985), p. xiii.   3 Jennifer Laws, ‘Crackpots and basket-cases: A history of therapeutic work and occupation’, History of the Human Sciences, 24 (2011), 65–81.   4 Michel Foucault, Madness and Civilisation: A History of Insanity in the Age of Reason, trans. R. Howard (London: Tavistock, 1967), p. 247.  5 Tuke, Description of the Retreat, p. 156.   6 Sigmund Freud, Civilisation and Its

in Work, psychiatry and society, c. 1750–2015
Dolto and the psychoanalytic approach to autism in France
Richard Bates

, Michel Foucault’s Madness and Civilisation argued that the beginnings of confinement in the sixteenth and seventeenth centuries represented a decision to silence madness on the part of a polity that found unreason scandalous. 41 Such publications were accompanied by a range of institutional experiments. In 1961, Franco Basaglia was appointed to run the asylum in Gorizia, Italy. Refusing to restrain his patients, Basaglia set about democratising the institution and creating a ‘therapeutic community’. 42 His work eventually inspired

in Psychoanalysis and the family in twentieth-century France
Abstract only
Popularising psychoanalysis, 1945–68
Richard Bates

degree programme in psychology, run by the psychoanalyst Daniel Lagache; one of its first graduates, in 1949, was the future philosopher Michel Foucault. 4 This was a promising situation for Dolto, who from the beginning of her career had consistently sought to popularise psychoanalytic thinking and promote its use in parenting, medicine, education, religion and wider public culture. Her public engagement took numerous forms: magazine articles, press interviews, public lectures, books, radio and television broadcasts

in Psychoanalysis and the family in twentieth-century France
Analysing mental health discourses and practices in Ireland
Derek Chambers

In this chapter, the author utilizes ideas drawn from governmentality to explore the emergence, and sometimes uneasy co-existence, of the biomedical discourses in the mental health policy arena. As Michel Foucault and other authors have noted, discourses constructing mental health have been strongly tied to biomedical understandings of mental illness and the medical speciality of psychiatry. The operational elements of A Vision for Change: Report of the Expert Group on Mental Health Policy (AVFC) betray the claims to whole-population relevance of mental health and reinforce a narrow conception of mental health as a euphemism for mental illness. The theoretical framework of governmentality can be helpful in exploring tensions between the mentalities and practices of governing, and discourses as they have developed around mental health policy and practice in Ireland.

in Reframing health and health policy in Ireland
Suriname under Dutch rule, 1750– 1950

Explaining how leprosy was considered in various historical settings by referring to categories of uncleanliness in antiquity, is problematic. The book historicizes how leprosy has been framed and addressed. It investigates the history of leprosy in Suriname, a plantation society where the vast majority of the population consisted of imported slaves from Africa. The relationship between the modern stigmatization and exclusion of people affected with leprosy, and the political tensions and racial fears originating in colonial slave society, exerting their influence until after the decolonization up to the present day. The book explores leprosy management on the black side of the medical market in the age of slavery as contrasted with the white side. The difference in perspectives on leprosy between African slaves and European masters contributed to the development of the 'Great Confinement' policies, and leprosy sufferers were sent to the Batavia leprosy asylum. Dutch debates about leprosy took place when the threat of a 'return' of leprosy to the Netherlands appeared to materialise. A symbiotic alliance for leprosy care that had formed between the colonial state and the Catholics earlier in the nineteenth century was renegotiated within the transforming landscape of Surinamese society to incorporate Protestants as well. By 1935, Dutch colonial medicine had dammed the growing danger of leprosy by using the modern policies of detection and treatment. Dutch doctors and public health officials tried to come to grips with the Afro-Surinamese belief in treef and its influence on the execution of public health policies.

Space, identity and power

This volume aims to disclose the political, social and cultural factors that influenced the sanitary measures against epidemics developed in the Mediterranean during the long nineteenth century. The contributions to the book provide new interdisciplinary insights to the booming field of ‘quarantine studies’ through a systematic use of the analytic categories of space, identity and power. The ultimate goal is to show the multidimensional nature of quarantine, the intimate links that sanitary administrations and institutions had with the territorial organization of states, international trade, the construction of national, colonial, religious and professional identities or the configuration of political regimes. The circum-Mediterranean geographical spread of the case studies contained in this volume illuminates the similarities and differences around and across this sea, on the southern and northern shores, in Arabic, Spanish, Portuguese, Greek, Italian, English and French-speaking domains. At the same time, it is highly interested in engaging in the global English-speaking community, offering a wide range of terms, sources, bibliography, interpretative tools and views produced and elaborated in various Mediterranean countries. The historical approach will be useful to recognize the secular tensions that still lie behind present-day issues such as the return of epidemics or the global flows of migrants and refugees.

Open Access (free)
Duncan Wilson

a decisive shift in the location and exercise of ‘biopower’, which Michel Foucault defined as the range of actors and strategies involved in the governance of individual and collective health.18 In their work on modern configurations of biopower, Paul Rabinow and Nikolas Rose claim that bioethics has reshaped professional conduct in a range of settings so that the ‘practices and dilemmas of life politics are not monopolized by states or even doctors’.19 This ‘bioethical complex’, they argue, ensures that medical and scientific practices are ‘now regulated by other

in The making of British bioethics