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C. E. Beneš

Behold! Vanity of vanities , and all is vanity . 39 Those subject to carnal delights and pleasures are also effeminate, for such men care for nothing except gratifying their own desires and pleasures. Long ago, in fact, certain people did not dare to appear in military camps ( castra ) unless they were chaste ( casta ). Thus camps are called after the chaste. On this topic, Valerius recounts that

in Jacopo Da Varagine’s Chronicle of the city of Genoa
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C. E. Beneš

the western Mediterranean brought it into military and economic conflict with the Muslim empires of north Africa and Spain, while its major contributions to the First Crusade (especially at Antioch, Jerusalem, and Caesarea) brought it great wealth and gave its merchants favoured status in the new crusader state. 31 The Genoese later played major roles in the Second, Third, Fifth, and Seventh Crusades as well. In

in Jacopo Da Varagine’s Chronicle of the city of Genoa
C. E. Beneš

speculated as to his reasons (especially after his massive victory at Cannae in 216 bc ), Hannibal never made a direct attack on Rome. 25 Publius Cornelius Scipio Africanus (d. 183 bc ), son of the P. Cornelius Scipio mentioned above (n. 20). ‘By iron and fire’ ( ferro et igne ) is a common classical formulation for military devastation

in Jacopo Da Varagine’s Chronicle of the city of Genoa
C. E. Beneš

1285. The Council of the Credenza was formed in 1282 ( DGA , p. 25) to oversee military preparations, making it one of the earliest examples of an ‘office of the admiralty’. 52 A paraphrase of Boniface's first encyclical of 24 January 1295 ( Gloriosus et mirabilis , p. 142; Potthast ( 1874 ), no. 24021, p. 1924), in

in Jacopo Da Varagine’s Chronicle of the city of Genoa
C. E. Beneš

twenty-seven galleys to go to Acre to fight the Venetians and Pisans, and Lanfranco Borborino was made admiral. 160 The Venetians had twenty-four galleys. This Borborino was fearful in his heart and inexperienced in military matters, however, so it was a great mistake to make him admiral in this way—for the leader of an army must be generous of heart, thoughtful in spirit, and stout of both body and spirit

in Jacopo Da Varagine’s Chronicle of the city of Genoa
C. E. Beneš

than he had had before the consulship. Also, the Romans had this virtue [ magnanimitas ]: they thought it more important that their commonwealth should be ennobled by dominating men who had gold than that they should possess gold themselves. On this subject Vegetius reports in his book On military matters that ambassadors from the Epirotes came to Rome with a great weight of gold and silver to purchase their liberty, and one evening, when

in Jacopo Da Varagine’s Chronicle of the city of Genoa
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Mayke de Jong and Justin Lake

authority of those who reign now with God has no less power. If, as you say, therefore, the commonwealth cannot survive without the aid of the property of the churches, then with the greatest reverence and Christian devotion a method and an orderly system must be devised to see if what you and yours take from the churches is for the purpose of protection rather than rapine, lest this presumption extend so far as to bring with it the maledictions and curse of the holy fathers. [p. 65] Moreover, if something must be rendered for military use, let these saintly bishops

in Confronting crisis in the Carolingian empire
C. E. Beneš

Maglio )—is considered the greatest Genoese hero of the First Crusade: CMG , pp. 474–5; Pessa ( 2016 ). ( Consul here denotes a military appointment rather than a political office.) 165 On emeralds: Isidore, Etymologies 16.7.1. 166

in Jacopo Da Varagine’s Chronicle of the city of Genoa
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Mayke de Jong and Justin Lake

devotedly wherever you lead. Only take care that, in the interest of our well-being, we cease this inquiry when there is nothing more to be gained. 50 Chapter 1 Adeodatus: I would like you to explain the combination of traits that made up the complete inner man, since virtually everyone is well acquainted with his appearance and birth, and also – as Severus reminded us – to tell us of those to whom he might be compared. Pascasius: It is true that from boyhood onwards he expanded upon the glory of the earlier Arsensius through military service and high office. 51

in Confronting crisis in the Carolingian empire
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Gervase Rosser

’ whenever the king tallaged his domains. This right was enshrined in the 1228 charter. When, however, the bishop later, in 1305, attempted to raise such a tax from his citizens, they revolted, and forced him to renounce the right. According to the frustrated lord, the townspeople had ‘grown wanton with fatness’. 7 Edward I’s new town foundations were often shaped by military and strategic considerations

in Towns in medieval England