Search results

You are looking at 1 - 10 of 567 items for :

  • Manchester Security, Conflict & Peace x
  • Refine by access: All content x
Clear All
A historiography
Eric James and Tim Jacoby

Introduction Since the first recorded battle in history, distinctions have existed between those who fight and those who deal with the consequences of fighting ( Cioffi-Revilla 1991 , Hallett 1998 , Morgan 2005 ) and remain one of the most important aspects of the laws of war ( Crowe 2014 ). Yet, these spheres –humanitarian and military – have never been

in The military-humanitarian complex in Afghanistan
Eric James and Tim Jacoby

Introduction Following the introduction in Chapter 1 in which the basic assumptions associated with the military–humanitarian relationship were presented, the history of the relationship was examined in Chapter 2 . In Chapter 3 , three issues were revealed that influence the military–humanitarian relationship. These were the tension between

in The military-humanitarian complex in Afghanistan
Authors: Eric James and Tim Jacoby

Over recent years, the relationship between humanitarians and the military has become especially controversial. Concerns over inefficient and duplicated assistance programs and the compromised security of relief workers have been regularly highlighted. Many point to ongoing tensions and polarized positions that seem to leave NGOs a stark choice between “neutrality” and co-option. Using Afghanistan as a case study, this book analyses this apparent duality. It puts forward five basic arguments. First, the history of the relationship extends prior to the birth of modern humanitarianism. Second, inter-organizational friction is common between groups and it does not always have a detrimental impact. Third, working with the military does not necessarily create more dangerous situations for NGOs. Fourth, humanitarian principles are not a fixed set of propositions, but evolve according to temporal and situational context. Finally, humanitarians are generally not co-opted, but rather willingly take part in political-military endeavors. In all, it is suggested that NGOs tend to change their policies and actions depending on the context. The book thus transcends the simple “for” or “against” arguments, leading to a more refined understanding of the relationship between NGOs and the military.

A child of the Kosovo crisis?
Paul Latawski and Martin A. Smith

One of the most frequently cited ‘lessons’ of the Kosovo crisis has been the alleged extent to which it spurred West European leaders to address a perceived need for Europe to do more for its own military security. Member states of the European Union decided to establish a ‘European Security and Defence Policy’ (ESDP) in the months following Operation Allied Force . Daalder and O’Hanlon have written

in The Kosovo crisis and the evolution of post-Cold War European security
Jean-François Caron

, such technologies are tools that can either serve an ethical obligation that the military institution has towards its members or potentially increase the morality of warfare. However, as it is often said, the road to hell is paved with good intentions, and these considerations are not sufficient to assess the rightness of the use of these technologies, as it is also essential to understand their potential flaws from an

in A theory of the super soldier
Eric James and Tim Jacoby

Introduction Afghanistan’s experiences with war and resistance, development and crisis, ideology and big-power politics have had powerful influences and serve as a backdrop to the military–humanitarian relationship. The country’s history has been well covered elsewhere and the features of it political history are summarized in Table 4

in The military-humanitarian complex in Afghanistan
The morality of capacity-increasing technologies in the military

Throughout history, states have tried to create the perfect combatant, with superhuman physical and cognitive features akin to those of comic book superheroes. However, the current innovations have nothing to do with the ones from the past, and their development goes beyond a simple technological perspective. On the contrary, they are raising the prospect of a human-enhancement revolution that will change the ways in which future wars will be fought and may even profoundly alter the foundations upon which our modern societies are built. This book discusses the full ethical implications of these new technologies, making it a unique resource for students and scholars interested in the morality of warfare.

Refusing to adopt a binary vision, political theorist Jean-François Caron argues that, when analysed from an ethical viewpoint, the development and use of capacity-increasing technologies in the military is far more complex than it first appears, since it presents us with a significant moral dilemma. On the one hand, enhancing soldiers’ capacities can be interpreted as a moral obligation on the part of the military. On the other, such technologies might also end up harming fundamental moral principles of warfare. Without condemning them as evil and inadmissible, Professor Caron proposes a nuanced and balanced appraisal of capacity-increasing technologies in the military as a tool that ought to be used contingently on the respect of certain moral criteria.

The media and international intervention
Author: Philip Hammond

The first major post-Cold War conflict, the 1991 Gulf war, indicated how much had already changed. Saddam Hussein had enjoyed Western support in Iraq's war against Iran in the 1980s, but was abruptly cast as the 'new Hitler' after his invasion of Kuwait in August 1990. This book is about how the media have interpreted conflict and international intervention in the years after the Cold War. By comparing press coverage of a number of different wars and crises, it seeks to establish which have been the dominant themes in explaining the post-Cold War international order and to discover how far the patterns established prior to the 11 September 2001 terrorist attacks have subsequently changed. The key concern is with the legitimacy of Western intervention: the aim is to investigate the extent to which Western military action is represented in news reporting as justifiable and necessary. The book presents a study that looks at UK press coverage of six conflicts and the international response to them: two instances of 'humanitarian military intervention' (Somalia and Kosovo); two cases in which the international community was criticised for not intervening (Bosnia and Rwanda); and two post-9/11 interventions (Afghanistan and Iraq). There were a number of overlapping UN and US interventions in Somalia in the early 1990s. Operation Restore Hope was the first major instance of post-Cold War humanitarian military intervention, following the precedent set by the establishment of 'safe havens' for Iraqi Kurds and other minorities at the end of the 1991 Gulf war.

Lindsey Dodd

: those whom the right had termed the ‘anti-France’ including Jews, Protestants and Freemasons, as well as the fearsome spectre of socialism. Jews and the Allies were instigators of air raids on France, first, in ‘their hatred of Europe’ and the desire to ‘destroy all traces of its civilisation’; and second because of a capitalist drive to ‘DESTROY THE COMPETITION that French and European industry poses to England and America’. This leaflet continued ironically, ‘to avenge the persecuted Jews, the Royal Air Force is bombing military objectives in France: schools, hospitals

in French children under the Allied bombs, 1940–45
Abstract only
Lindsey Dodd

not more than, bombing. Apocalypse could come from the air, but hell could arrive by land, as 1870 and 1914–18 had shown. The Geneva Disarmament Conference was a failure for French hopes of restraint; Hitler withdrew in October 1933, and published details of the increased German military budget in 1934. By March 1935, with all pretence of observing Versailles conditions discarded, a peacetime army of 550,000 men was authorised, and the German Air Force officialised.4 The Rhineland reoccupation in March 1936 brought war a leap closer. It seemed that the ‘ever

in French children under the Allied bombs, 1940–45