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Economies of high- and low-value human capital
Andrew Mackillop

Armed service constituted the most accessible route for metropolitan provincials hoping to participate in the Asian hemisphere of British imperialism. The use of military manpower as an export economy was a centuries-old characteristic of Irish and Scottish society by the time the Company began the build-up of its armed forces in the 1740s. 1 It is hardly surprising in these circumstances that the corporation’s fastest-growing sector of employment attracted soldier-entrepreneurs of varying social, confessional and regional backgrounds. The diversification of

in Human capital and empire
Edward M. Spiers

Using railways for operational support was the primary mission envisaged by the late Victorian army. Only a couple of the railways had been built completely in theatre during a conflict; both of these (in the Crimea and Abyssinia) were relatively short, and the latter was relatively far to the rear. None of the Victorian works of construction emulated the length and significance of the Sudan Military Railway, a

in Engines for empire
Policing the Upper Nile Province of the Sudan
Douglas H. Johnson

The history of policing in the Sudan is the history of an incomplete transformation from an auxiliary military body to a civil force. It is a complex mixture of paramilitary, civil and tribal organisations; of civil and tribal courts administering different law; and of urban, rural and frontier duties, ranging from criminal investigation to the armed pursuit of nomad tax defaulters and

in Policing the empire
Knowledge mobility and eighteenth-century military colonialism
Huw J. Davies

exchanged between one theatre and the next. In this context, eighteenth-century British military personnel were among the most travelled of the British Empire. As a result, these individuals collectively generated and mobilised knowledge on a vast scale. In 2004, Natasha Glaisyer argued that if empire could be ‘thought of as a set of networks of exchange then … the scientific, cultural, social, political, and intellectual histories of empire’ were inextricably linked. 1 It is curious that the military dimension is rarely, if ever, considered. This chapter aims to begin

in Empire and mobility in the long nineteenth century
The Schutztruppen and their leaders in East and South-West Africa, 1888–1918
Kirsten Zirkel

The role of the military in German colonialism has, so far, received little attention; and even those works which do actually touch on the subject generally highlight only particular aspects. 1 Thus there is no broad and general analysis of the activities of the German military, nor of their far-reaching influence on the course of colonial development in the German

in Guardians of empire
Louise Tythacott

, and that many of these are now scattered around the world, in private collections and public museums. 8 This chapter focuses on objects taken from this palace in 1860, subsequently presented by officers to their regimental messes and now on display in five military museums in the UK – the Royal Engineers, the Royal Marines, the Wardrobe, the Essex Regiment Museum and The Royal East Kent Regiment at the Beaney House of Art and Knowledge. It is concerned above all with the reformulations of the meanings of China’s imperial objects at these specific sites of

in Dividing the spoils
Heather Streets

and successful periodical Blackwood’s Magazine. This was not their first communication: the two men had been friendly for at least a decade, when Roberts had risen to fame for his military exploits during the Second Afghan War (1878–80). Yet this particular letter had an unusually stilted tone, as though Roberts was self-conscious of the transparent game he was about to play. He began by reminding

in Martial races
Keith Jeffery

recruitment to the British army after the end of the Great War are, if anything, yet more ambiguous. During the period of hostilities from January 1919 until the truce in July 1921, significant numbers of Irishmen left the British army, while, at the other end of the cycle of military service, as many men from Ireland joined up as had done so in the past. In 1913, 9 per cent of the army was Irish-born. In

in ‘An Irish Empire’?
Stephanie Barczewski

This chapter covers the remaining categories of people who purchased landed estates with imperial wealth. It begins with military and naval officers. This group is somewhat difficult to identify as specifically ‘imperial’, as not all military and naval officers fought in imperial theatres; prior to 1815 in particular, many of them spent their entire careers in Europe. I have

in Country houses and the British Empire, 1700–1930

Colonial war played a vital part in transforming the reputation of the military and placing it on a standing equal to that of the navy. The book is concerned with the interactive culture of colonial warfare, with the representation of the military in popular media at home, and how these images affected attitudes towards war itself and wider intellectual and institutional forces. It sets out to relate the changing image of the military to these fundamental facts. For the dominant people they were an atavistic form of war, shorn of guilt by Social Darwinian and racial ideas, and rendered less dangerous by the increasing technological gap between Europe and the world. Attempts to justify and understand war were naturally important to dominant people, for the extension of imperial power was seldom a peaceful process. The entertainment value of war in the British imperial experience does seem to have taken new and more intensive forms from roughly the middle of the nineteenth century. Themes such as the delusive seduction of martial music, the sketch of the music hall song, powerful mythic texts of popular imperialism, and heroic myths of empire are discussed extensively. The first important British war correspondent was William Howard Russell (1820-1907) of The Times, in the Crimea. The 1870s saw a dramatic change in the representation of the officer in British battle painting. Up to that point it was the officer's courage, tactical wisdom and social prestige that were put on display.