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The key role of the Italian antiquarian market in the inception of American Classical art collections during the late-nineteenth century
Francesca de Tomasi

money at Lanciani’s disposal with Rothschild’s Italian branch. In January 1888, Lanciani complained to Loring about the immobility of the antiquarian market after the scandal at the building site for Vittorio Emanuele’s monument (Coppola, 2009). Many coins found during the construction work were illegally sold by the workers and from that point the authorities became more suspicious. In his letters Lanciani focused on the market’s dynamics: [B]etter to bargain with the producers: only these producers are becoming a myth! Since I came back two excavations only have

in Communities and knowledge production in archaeology
Art, process, archaeology

This book presents a study of material images and asks how an appreciation of the making and unfolding of images and art alters archaeological accounts of prehistoric and historic societies. With contributions focusing on case studies including prehistoric Britain, Scandinavia, Iberia, the Americas and Dynastic Egypt, and including contemporary reflections on material images, it makes a novel contribution to ongoing debates relating to archaeological art and images. The book offers a New Materialist analysis of archaeological imagery, with an emphasis on considering the material character of images and their making and unfolding. The book reassesses the predominantly representational paradigm of archaeological image analysis and argues for the importance of considering the ontology of images. It considers images as processes or events and introduces the verb ‘imaging’ to underline the point that images are conditions of possibility that draw together differing aspects of the world. The book is divided into three sections: ‘Emergent images’, which focuses on practices of making; ‘Images as process’, which examines the making and role of images in prehistoric societies; and ‘Unfolding images’, which focuses on how images change as they are made and circulated. The book features contributions from archaeologists, Egyptologists, anthropologists and artists. The contributors to the book highlight the multiple role of images in prehistoric and historic societies, demonstrating that archaeologists need to recognise the dynamic and changeable character of images.

James Breasted’s early scientific network
Kathleen Sheppard

professional. ROBERTS 9781526134554 PRINT.indd 177 03/12/2019 08:56 178 Communities and knowledge production in archaeology As with many field sciences, a degree in Egyptology alone did not give Breasted professional standing. Erman thus urged Breasted to go to Egypt ‘for the sake of his health and scientific future,’ and gave him an important task: collating inscriptions in the Egyptian Museum in Cairo for a massive dictionary Erman was writing (C. Breasted, 1943: 51). Understanding the importance of this fieldwork, Breasted scraped together money from a variety of

in Communities and knowledge production in archaeology
Abstract only
Collecting networks and the museum
Samuel J.M.M. Alberti

, ‘that the Law Courts here are not calculated to prolong life.’40 Nevertheless, Ogden was to live for another decade. The cost and ultimate futility of the ‘Churchill affair’ was a learning experience for the Museum Committee. When Ogden’s health began to fail in the early 1920s, the Keeper George Carpenter was dispatched post-haste to ensure the collection Ogden had himself promised to the Museum was transferred with no further ado. Ogden also left the Museum a small amount of money in his will, but after finding that at the last Ogden had intended to change this in

in Nature and culture
Victoria L. McAlister

-Normans with the intention of funnelling trade through them from the rest of the territory they controlled (O’Brien, 1988 ). The Irish port towns thrived financially in the tower house era, in spite of difficult political circumstances. Indeed, Ireland is described as having been in ‘substantial economic recovery’ at this time ( ibid .: 25). The influx of money into Ireland's urban places and the control of this activity by a small and interrelated mercantile community explains, at least in part, a late medieval building boom that included tower houses. It also included

in The Irish tower house
Open Access (free)
Antonín Salač and the French School at Athens
Thea De Armond

into the school. Picard characterised the French School’s support of Salač’s Samothraki excavations as ‘scientific liberalism’.48 To the French Ministry of Education, he wrote, ‘[a] good future is expected from this enterprise, which, in principle, renews that of Asine (1922).’49 Picard was referring to the excavations of Salač’s Foreign Section colleague, the Swedish archaeologist Axel W. Persson (1888–1951), at Asine. In the Národní listy Salač reported: ‘[T]hough we had very little money at our disposal’ – a persistent motif in Salač’s research – ‘we obtained

in Communities and knowledge production in archaeology
Abstract only
Ian Dawson

eyeglasses with faceted lenses, cut from crystal and mounted in gilded metal frames, devices that multiply an object’s view as the saying went at the time: ‘These are pleasurable spectacles for avaricious persons that love Gold and Silver, for one piece will seem many, or one heap of money will seem a treasury’ (Stafford and Terpak, 2001: 185). These particular lenses influenced a type of optical painting that could be viewed through a special perspective glass;  here the image didn’t just  proliferate but instead the broken elements of the scene would realign into a

in Images in the making
Tower houses and waterways
Victoria L. McAlister

routes would have provided the tower house occupant with an additional, or perhaps primary, income through the levying of tolls for the use of ‘his’ routeway. Adherence was enforced by the might of the defensive-appearing structure itself. There was often overlap between the different means of broaching the nodal point: bridges in disrepair could be replaced temporarily with ferries, which were more easily tolled than bridges from a legal standpoint, until enough money had been raised to reinstate the bridge (Cooper, 2006 ). A problem with historical ferry

in The Irish tower house
Jes Wienberg

of very great or infinite value. The idea behind the wording is that heritage, like that which is sacred, belongs to a sphere of its own, independent of the market and of economics. So heritage neither can nor should be valued in money, or indeed measured in relation to anything else at all. And still, paradoxically, heritage is valued all the time – and converted into money. As a rule, heritage is preserved with reference to its values, and value is a concept drawn precisely from the economic sphere. Valuations and values are therefore crucial to the selection

in Heritopia
Catherine J. Frieman

black boxes containing multitudes), to their families, to the knowledge systems that allow them to do their various jobs, and to their union; the various packages of goods to be shipped, their individual contents, trajectories, patterns of ownership, and levels of insurance; the many ships that enter and leave port; and on and on, ad infinitum . These dockyards too are nodes in other networks that together form, for example, the global shipping industry or its constituent part – the multi-national transport company, itself a complex human-money

in An archaeology of innovation