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‘Circulation’ is a popular way to describe how money works. One metaphor suggests that money irrigates economies as water irrigates land. This metaphor is so popular that someone even built a machine to illustrate the flow of money. If you ever happen to be in the city of Wellington, you can visit the MONIAC machine on display at the Reserve Bank of New Zealand. In this part, our three contributors press you to consider deeper meanings circulated by coins, banknotes and other financial assets. Catherine Comyn ( Chapter 4

in The entangled legacies of empire
Bogdan Popa

to the erasure of eastern European Marxism as an analytic, and is a major development in the conceptualization of bodies and sexuality. John Money was a Cold War psychologist and sexologist who not only coined the term “gender,” but also became a household name in studies of gender reassignment after the 1950s. As I will demonstrate, his epistemological assumptions are inspired by a

in De-centering queer theory
Imaginaries, power, connected worlds
Jeremy C.A. Smith

and continued in neo-​colonial relations with independent states that were formerly colonies. The sheer cultural diversity resulting from the legacies of colonialism, foreign policy pursuits of the former imperial states and the fallout of post-​communism is a reminder of the variety of modes of living constructed across the spectrum of societies. Economies as relational: long-​distance trade Like migration, economic relations are about movement. Inter-​civilisational engagement constitutes economies as relational in the uneven and unequal spread of trade and money

in Debating civilisations
Mikael Klintman

excellence, is that ‘there is no such thing as a free lunch’. 2 No activity is strictly speaking free – someone has to pay with time or money. The moment you find Jules Verne’s classic book Around the World in Eighty Days on the street, pick it up, walk to a park bench, and start learning about countries and cities, your meter starts ticking. How could this be? According to any economist, spending time and effort – if not money – on reading and learning entails an ‘opportunity cost’ (the cost of the missed opportunity of doing something else). Instead of reading that

in Knowledge resistance
Abstract only
Cosmologies of wealth and power in Mongolia
Rebecca Empson

different modes of action and subjectivity. Indeed, people in Mongolia comment that sometimes money seems to appear, almost as if from nowhere, like magic, in the hands of the most unlikely people. This chapter1 explores the way in which wealth is achieved – across multiple spheres – through the enactment of a particular relationship. Following Sneath (2006) I refer to this as the ‘master-custodian’ relationship. In so doing, I focus on the way in which this relationship is enacted in the procurement of money through bank loans and the harnessing of fortune through

in Framing cosmologies
Abstract only
D. A. J. MacPherson

questions about women’s activism and identity in the British world during the nineteenth and twentieth centuries. Orangewomen became active agents in the public life of their immediate communities and beyond. Working for the Orange Order, women subverted the ‘tea and buns’ stereotype that characterised many men’s perception of their role in the organisation. While raising money for Orange causes, such as maternity ward cots in Glasgow or the orphanage for Protestant children at Indian Head, Saskatchewan, Orangewomen were also engaged in important public activism. The

in Women and the Orange Order
Abstract only
Gabriel Feltran

reciprocity with her neighbours – called ‘familiarity’ (‘conhecimento’) in the favelas – which helped her to adapt to São Paulo. Familiarity brought odd jobs as a 104 FELTRAN 9781526138248 PRINT.indd 104 13/01/2020 08:28 Coexistence cleaner, and in 1992 Ivete had enough money and courage to try to bring her children from Bahia to São Paulo. She travelled to Salvador and learned that she had already lost legal custody of the children years earlier. She returned to São Paulo without the boys and spent three more years without seeing them. In 1994 she finally got a stable

in The entangled city
Jonathan Gershuny

- service economy’, the subtitle of my 1978 book: ‘economy’ in this context, of course not denoting any sort of independent sphere of economic action (though the Greek origin of the term meant literally ‘household’ in the grand sense of ‘landed estate’). It was always clear to me that, in general, only those with secure paid employment would have the money to buy the domestic capital equipment and materials. This was simply a mechanism for acquiring some final services without the involvement of some specific sorts of paid final service labour: a contrast, in short, to

in Revisiting Divisions of Labour
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Gabriel Feltran

bodies and in words, is the idea of separating ​​ out the spheres of morality or of the law. However, it is clear that all of them are subject to a market logic, formally integrated by money, which produces a common way of life, desired by all and centred on the expansion of consumption. Although they are represented as living in distinct moral universes, workers and bandidos exchange monetarised goods and services, to the extent that the markets in which they operate are deeply interlinked; police and traffickers also have ‘accounts to settle’, which can only be

in The entangled city
John Jennison and the Belle Vue Zoological Gardens
Michael Powell
Terry Wyke

consulted until twenty-five years after his death. This short essay cannot cover all aspects of the history of Belle Vue, and certainly does not attempt to list or record all of the attractions of the site, but seeks to make the point that the archive allows Belle Vue to be studied in detail and in a depth that is open to few other nineteenth-century cultural institutions. It uses the archives to emphasise what was the fundamental feature of Belle Vue from its foundation by John Jennison in 1836 until the business was sold in 1925. The keynote is money. Belle Vue was

in Culture in Manchester