Money, Commerce, Language, and the Horror of Modernity in ‘The Isle of Voices’
Money, not merely as subject in literature but also in its very form and function, exhibits qualities of spectral evanescence, fetishised power over the imagination, and the uncontrollable transgression of boundaries and limits, which closely parallel the concerns and anxieties of Gothic literature. Yet it is in the writings of economic theorists and commentators on market society like Adam Smith and Karl Marx that these Gothic anxieties about money are most clearly articulated. Stevensons short story ‘The Isle of Voices’, read in the context of his comments on money in his other writings, is one of the few fictional texts which uses these properties of money to create what might be called a ‘financial Gothic’ narrative, which nevertheless has insights and implications for the narratives of capitalist modernity in general.
Throughout the nineteenth century, the term ‘uncomfortable houses’ was used to describe properties where restless spirits made life unpleasant for any living persons who tried to claim these supernatural residences as their own. This article uses the idea of ‘uncomfortable houses’ to examine how this ghostly discomfort related to larger cultural issues of economics and class in Victorian Britain. Authors such as Charlotte Riddell and Margaret Oliphant used the haunted house story as a means of social critique which commented on the financial problems facing many lower- and middle-class Victorians. Their stories focus on the moral development of the protagonists and reconciliation through the figure of the ghost, ultimately giving readers the happy endings that many male-authored ghost stories lack. Riddell‘s ‘The Old House in Vauxhall Walk’ and ‘Walnut-Tree House’ and Oliphant‘s ‘The Open Door’ serve as important examples of this ‘suburban Gothic’ literature.
Towards a Theory for African Cinema is an English translation of a talk given in
French by the Tunisian filmmaker and critic Férid Boughedir (1944–) at a conference
on international cinema, which took place in Montreal in 1974. In his presentation
Boughedir discusses the vocation of the African filmmaker, who must avoid succumbing
to the escapism and entertainment values of Western cinema and instead strive to
reflect the contradictions and tensions of the colonised African identity, while
promoting a revitalisation of African culture. Drawing on the example of the 1968
film Mandabi (The Money Order) by the Senegalese director Sembène Ousmane, Boughedir
conceptualises a form of cinema which resists the influences of both Hollywood and
auteur film and awakens viewers, instead of putting them to sleep. Boughedir‘s source
text is preceded by a translator‘s introduction, which situates his talk within
contemporary film studies.
Architecture, Building and Humanitarian Innovation
focusing on furniture and furnishings. Among other things, this entailed
installing softer lighting, distributing simple materials to filter the harsh
florescent bulbs, erecting divides to address the lack of privacy and adding
splashes of colour and comfort throughout. It was, I immediately felt, an important
if modest idea.
The three Viennese projects were simple but effective, cheap but transformative, fast
but sensitive. They had been implemented with small amounts of money
especially as reformists of the centre left and right (Clinton, Blair) came to dominate the
party-political scene after Thatcher and Reagan embedded the neoliberal revolution of the 1980s.
After the Cold War, in other words, the liberal world order was a fact of life. In Margaret
Thatcher’s immortal words, ‘there is no alternative’.
The consequences of this focus on private enterprise, mobile money, weakened unions, reduced
state welfare and regulation and lower taxes are all too visible today in areas like wealth
A Response to the Journal of Humanitarian Affairs Special Issue on Innovation in Humanitarian Action (JHA, 1:3)
portfolio, in 2011 we funded a body of early-stage innovations across multiple technical humanitarian sectors and problem areas. With the humanitarian innovation agenda relatively immature, it was necessary to put money into the system to foster creativity, generate promising ideas and gain momentum. This led to a wide and dispersed portfolio.
Now, at the time of writing in 2019, working closely with sector experts, strategic partners and the humanitarian innovation community, our funding is deliberately and purposively aligned to our key thematic areas of focus – water
organisations could face a
public backlash and even state prosecution if they were to reveal transactions
with criminal organisations and terrorists. Lastly, there is no benefit in
making abductions an issue of public debate. Pirates and other criminal groups
do not care about their image or public pressure, while jihadist groups like
al-Qaida openly acknowledge relying on kidnappings for money. These are the
reasons regularly brought up by humanitarian and
The Law and Politics of Responding to Attacks against Aid Workers
Julia Brooks and Rob Grace
their colleagues’ release. This option contravened the NGO’s explicit policies, but given the urgency and gravity of the situation, with their colleagues’ lives at stake, the aid workers in the field perceived that this option might be the only viable choice. Other aid agencies had experienced similar kidnapping crises in the same context. Rumours circulated about how much money organisations had paid, but publicly, agencies issued only blanket denials that money had been paid at all. Only through an informal, personal connection that one international staff member
Why Building Back Better Means More than Structural Safety
Sendai Framework for Disaster Risk Reduction ( UNISDR, 2015 ). More recently Build Back Safer has been in favour ( Kennedy et al. , 2008 ). At the time of the tsunami response there was a well-intentioned notion that Aceh, Sri Lanka and other affected regions should be built back better than before ( Fan, 2013 ). The amount of money available after the tsunami – there has never been so much aid money either before or since with US$14 billion pledged or donated – allowed for such aspirations ( TEC, 2006 ). However, the reality of most post-disaster responses, with low
Middle-Aged Syrian Women’s Contributions to Family Livelihoods
during Protracted Displacement in Jordan
Dina Sidhva, Ann-Christin Zuntz, Ruba al Akash, Ayat Nashwan, and Areej Al-Majali
Shamali, a poor neighbourhood in East Amman. She excitedly told us about
her recent cooking class and plans to buy a kitchen device for preparing
kibbe , a traditional Syrian dish that she sells to her
neighbours. Marwa’s income from home-made catering complements the little
money her husband makes by selling vegetables in an open-air market, and allows the
family to keep their three teenage children in school. Unlike in her pre-war life,
Marwa goes out on her own to