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Suriname under Dutch rule, 1750– 1950

Explaining how leprosy was considered in various historical settings by referring to categories of uncleanliness in antiquity, is problematic. The book historicizes how leprosy has been framed and addressed. It investigates the history of leprosy in Suriname, a plantation society where the vast majority of the population consisted of imported slaves from Africa. The relationship between the modern stigmatization and exclusion of people affected with leprosy, and the political tensions and racial fears originating in colonial slave society, exerting their influence until after the decolonization up to the present day. The book explores leprosy management on the black side of the medical market in the age of slavery as contrasted with the white side. The difference in perspectives on leprosy between African slaves and European masters contributed to the development of the 'Great Confinement' policies, and leprosy sufferers were sent to the Batavia leprosy asylum. Dutch debates about leprosy took place when the threat of a 'return' of leprosy to the Netherlands appeared to materialise. A symbiotic alliance for leprosy care that had formed between the colonial state and the Catholics earlier in the nineteenth century was renegotiated within the transforming landscape of Surinamese society to incorporate Protestants as well. By 1935, Dutch colonial medicine had dammed the growing danger of leprosy by using the modern policies of detection and treatment. Dutch doctors and public health officials tried to come to grips with the Afro-Surinamese belief in treef and its influence on the execution of public health policies.

Liesbeth Hesselink

the French mission civilisatrice.12 The new Ethical Policy was officially announced by Queen Wilhelmina in the annual Royal Oration of 1901. She argued that as the Netherlands prided itself on being a Christian power, this placed its government under an obligation to imbue its policies with a moral mission towards the population of its territories.13 Rather than viewing their colony as mere patrimony and a profitable cash cow, the Ethical Policy implied a novel dedication on the part of the Dutch colonial administration to development of schools and medical services

in Colonial caring
Stephen Snelders

Indonesian nationalists with the Japanese, the Dutch Queen Wilhelmina promised self-​government in internal affairs to all Dutch colonies in a radio speech in December 1942.114 After the war, this promise had to be kept, especially because of the United States’ dominance. In 1949, the first general election with universal suffrage in Suriname was held. From 1 January 1950, internal affairs became the responsibility of the chosen Surinamese government that would not have to account to the Dutch government in the Netherlands for its policies, rather only to the chosen

in Leprosy and colonialism