Communities and collaboration along the Irish border
Caroline Creamer and Brendan O’Keeffe
These, together with exchequer and other monies, enabled national policies
to adapt to reflect the changing European agenda and, increasingly, local cum
regional realities. In the case of cross-border and transnational cooperation,
the International Fund for Ireland4 (IFI) and the Programme for Peace and
Reconciliation (or PEACE programme), both dedicated to Northern Ireland
and the southern border counties, aimed to stimulate socio-economic revival
and growth. More recently, the EU-wide community initiative, INTERREG,
Alex Schafran, Matthew Noah Smith, and Stephen Hall
increasing it in others.
Reconciliation and restorative justice
A healthier spatial contract will require detailed understanding and acknowledgement of the role of exploitation in the provision of reliance systems. Our repurposing of Young’s five faces of oppression is a step towards a practical analytical tool which can diagnose exploitation and oppression in any spatial contract. But this is insufficient for the purpose of overcoming the vast history of exploitation and oppression in most systems and most places. In many situations, it isn
, it also implies the impossibility of a ‘final reconciliation’ ( 2007 : 3).
The form/figure dialectic and its link to the medium imply that, both from an aesthetic and a political point of view, we should shift our understanding of representation, from the old figurative/non-figurative opposition to questioning the notion of democratic representativeness.
From place to topos: Geopolitical and artistic proliferation
The art–borders link produces images whose aesthetics
, discursive) actions in order to pragmatically accomplish narrowing the gap between knowledge and reality.
A pragmatic understanding of democratic polity is essentially agonistic and stresses the value of conflicts. Bernstein notes that the early pragmatists including James and Dewey “never subscribed to the belief that there can be a ‘final’ reconciliation or resolution to all social conflicts” and they accepted that “the agonistic quality of democratic politics is intrinsic to creative democracy” ( 1998 , 153). By emphasising “the fertility of conflict and dissonance
them with prevailing practices.
State and market
Much of the contemporary German programme of restructuring has rested
upon a discourse of reconciliation between the pressures of globalisation and
state-societal visions of a stable and negotiated order. Such a discursive
management of the potential antagonisms of restructuring, in turn, draws on
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a framing of the state-market relationship that, in contrast to the British distancing of the state realm from a market realm of self
Securing or denying minorities’ right to the city?
, September 2014), Sundholm garden has indeed provided a
space for some degree of reconciliation. A sense of understanding and acceptance, if
not friendship, has developed –at least among those who use the space. One of the
gardeners said, ‘I have got many new friends through the urban garden. Today, we
do not only meet there (in the garden) but we also do other things together. I feel
that I have become part of a community of active people, and we pop up with new
ideas of what we can do together’ (Social Response, 2014: 29). During participant
observation sessions, it was
It is an accident that, in a completely involuntary and tragic-ironic way, overrides the separation of cultures and the logic of symbolic separation on which modern tourism is based. At the end, the husband reaches the goal which the standard planned package trip would never have brought about: reconciliation with his wife, to whom he would never have been able to prove his love on the planned package holiday.
The involuntary adventure, the violation of the borders, provokes the power of evidence. For not only does the life-threatening – in the
The restructuring of work and production in the international political economy
German jobs and apprenticeships, there has been little reconciliation. This is
an illustrative example of the contested boundaries of German firms’
restructuring programmes. Corporate managers are faced with a delicate
balancing act between pushing the parameters of flexibility, while maintaining
the cohesion necessary to sustain value-added production.
Turning our attention to the restructuring of work within British firms,
the dominant relationships between manufacturing firms, banks and shareholders tend to be arms-length and fragmented, reflecting the centrality of
Chiara Certomà, Martin Sondermann, and Susan Noori
. (2005): Reclaiming urbanity: indeterminate spaces, informal actors
and urban agenda setting. Urban Studies 42 (3): 503–526.
Habermas, J. (1984): The Theory of Communicative Action.Vol. 1: Reason and the Rationalization
of Society. Boston: Beacon.
Urban gardening and the struggle for justice
Habermas, J. (1987): The Theory of Communicative Action. Vol. 2: Lifeworld and System: A
Critique of Functionalist Reason. Boston: Beacon.
Habermas, J. (1995): Reconciliation through the public use of reason: remarks on John
Rawls’s political liberalism. The Journal of
examination of the ‘universal phenomena affecting all
workers’ (1962: 7). Ultimately, this view of social change envisages a role for
contest and conflict only in an unstable transitional phase that will be
followed by a new and stable order with the reconciliation of social groups.2
The contemporary globalisation debate operationalises similar ideas
about the dissolution of sources of social and political conflict. Among IR
scholars there is debate as to the extent of the ‘triumph’ of liberalism (Brown,
1999). Fukuyama’s (1992) End of History thesis represents perhaps the