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T. B L Webster
Bulletin of the John Rylands Library
Vivienne Westbrook

In 1611 the King James Bible was printed with minimal annotations, as requested by King James. It was another of his attempts at political and religious reconciliation. Smaller, more affordable, versions quickly followed that competed with the highly popular and copiously annotated Bibles based on the 1560 Geneva version by the Marian exiles. By the nineteenth century the King James Bible had become very popular and innumerable editions were published, often with emendations, long prefaces, illustrations and, most importantly, copious annotations. Annotated King James Bibles appeared to offer the best of both the Reformation Geneva and King James Bible in a Victorian context, but they also reignited old controversies about the use and abuse of paratext. Amid the numerous competing versions stood a group of Victorian scholars, theologians and translators, who understood the need to reclaim the King James Bible through its Reformation heritage; they monumentalized it.

Bulletin of the John Rylands Library
Rémi Korman

Representations of Rwanda have been shaped by the display of bodies and bones at Tutsi genocide memorial sites. This phenomenon is most often only studied from the perspective of moral dimensions. This article aims in contrast to cover the issues related to the treatment of human remains in Rwanda for commemorative purposes from a historical perspective. To this end, it is based on the archives of the commissions in charge of genocide memory in Rwanda, as well as interviews with key memorial actors. This study shows the evolution of memorial practices since 1994 and the hypermateriality of bodies in their use as symbols, as well as their demobilisation for the purposes of reconciliation policies.

Human Remains and Violence: An Interdisciplinary Journal
Editor: Donal Lowry

The neo-classical troopers' memorial of New Zealand, together with others around the former British Empire, illustrates the manner in which the South African War became a major imperial. This book explores how South Africa is negotiating its past in and through various modes of performance in contemporary theatre, public events and memorial spaces. Opinion on the war was as divided among white Afrikaners, Africans, 'Coloureds' and English-speaking white South Africans as these communities were from each other. The book analyses the Truth and Reconciliation Commission (TRC) as a live event and as an archive asking throughout how the TRC has affected the definition of identity and memory in contemporary South Africa, including disavowed memories. It surveys a century of controversy surrounding the origins of the war and in particular the argument that gold shaped British policy towards the Transvaal in the drift towards war. The remarkable South African career of Flora Shaw, the first woman to gain a professional position on The Times, is portrayed in the book. The book also examines the expensive operation mounted by The Times in order to cover the war. While acknowledging the need not to overstress the role of personality, the book echoes J. A. S. Grenville in describing the combination of Milner and Chamberlain as a 'fateful partnership'. Current renegotiations of popular repertoires, particularly songs and dances related to the struggle, revivals of classic European and South African protest plays, new history plays and specific racial and ethnic histories and identities, are analysed.

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Testimony, memoir and the work of reconciliation
Gillian Whitlock

In Australia and Canada over the past decade reconciliation has become a pre-eminent framework for promoting the rights of indigenous peoples. In the last two decades of the twentieth century more that 30 Truth and Reconciliation Commissions were set up around the world as reconciliation became a powerful discourse in the pursuit of human rights. Although it has always been the case that ‘[i]ndigenous peoples continue to experience “the frontier” everywhere’, 1 their experiences of dispossession

in Rethinking settler colonialism
Episcopal authority and the reconciliation of excommunicants in England and Francia c.900–c.1150
Sarah Hamilton

to be permanent but rather to resolve a dispute, forcing the excommunicant to repent and acknowledge the bishop’s authority. To that extent lifting the sentence of excommunication was almost as significant an act of power as imposing it. As tales such as this suggest, reconciliation therefore embodied important aspects of the bishop’s ministry, his roles as both peacemaker and judge. Yet while

in Frankland
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Marco Barducci

relations between Independents and Presbyterians in Parliament between 1648 and 1649, reconstructing in detail their several attempts at political and religious reconciliation. Shortly after the trial and execution of Charles I in January 1649, which brought about the change of English monarchy into Republic, the Rump Parliament started a politics of appeasement towards moderate Presbyterian MPs, agreeing

in Order and conflict
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The enigmas of Saint Bartholomew’s Day
Arlette Jouanna

acceptance of confessional duality. These oscillations arose out of the choices that alternatively faced the King, the Queen Mother and the leading members of their entourage. For these Catholics, there were only two conceivable solutions to the religious division. The first was to temporise, which meant the provisional acceptance of peaceful co-existence between the two confessions until the hoped-for reconciliation could come about by peaceful means within the bosom of the Roman church; all of the edicts of pacification, including that of Nantes, which brought the

in The Saint Bartholomew’s Day Massacre
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Tuairim and a divided island
Tomás Finn

Tuairim’s call for reconciliation between the different traditions. it was, furthermore, increasingly accepted 138 Tuairim, intellectual debate and policy formulation that there needed to be significant changes in southern as well as in northern society. from the late 1950s, Tuairim had been advocating a more pluralist society in the south in the interests of better relations with unionists. Significantly, this was explicitly recognised by a fianna fáil government in the downing Street declaration in 1993. of course, new elements, including the nature of the overall

in Tuairim, intellectual debate and policy formulation
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German and British soldiers at the Armistice
Alexander Watson

v 13 v Indecisive victory? German and British soldiers at the Armistice1 Alexander Watson Hostilities cease at 11.00 today official.2 The Armistice of 11 November 1918 was a watershed in twentiethcentury history. Although the Versailles Peace Treaty of June 1919 has received much closer scholarly attention, it was the November Armistice which halted the unprecedentedly bloody fighting of the First World War and played a crucial role in shaping both the form and reception of the final, ultimately flawed, peace agreement.3 The failure of reconciliation in Europe

in The silent morning