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Joseph Ruane

4147 Inglis–Are the Irish different_BB_Layout 1 29/07/2014 09:27 Page 166 16 Conflict and reconciliation in Northern Ireland Joseph Ruane On 2 December 2012 Belfast City Council decided by majority vote to cease flying the Union Jack over City Hall every day of the year and to fly it on just eighteen, designated days. The pressure for change came from the nationalist parties on the council, Sinn Fein and the Social Democratic and Labour Party (SDLP), who had not wanted it flown at all. The agreement to fly it on designated days only was a compromise to secure

in Are the Irish different?
Rémi Korman

Representations of Rwanda have been shaped by the display of bodies and bones at Tutsi genocide memorial sites. This phenomenon is most often only studied from the perspective of moral dimensions. This article aims in contrast to cover the issues related to the treatment of human remains in Rwanda for commemorative purposes from a historical perspective. To this end, it is based on the archives of the commissions in charge of genocide memory in Rwanda, as well as interviews with key memorial actors. This study shows the evolution of memorial practices since 1994 and the hypermateriality of bodies in their use as symbols, as well as their demobilisation for the purposes of reconciliation policies.

Human Remains and Violence: An Interdisciplinary Journal
The challenge of Northern Ireland
Duncan Morrow

11 Acknowledging religious and cultural diversity in an antagonistic society: the challenge of Northern Ireland Duncan Morrow This chapter provides a historical perspective on the evolution of relationships among communities in Northern Ireland since partition, focusing especially on the 1998 Belfast (Good Friday) Agreement’s commitment to reconciling the different traditions and the constraints its structures have placed upon the kinds of change possible. It argues that the main political parties have moved away from reconciliation and considers the proposed

in Tolerance and diversity in Ireland, North and South
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State-enforced agency
Michael Rush

‘American exceptionalism’ (Levmore, 2003:204). Non-resident fathers and the child support enforcement regime When President Bill Clinton promised to ‘end welfare as we know it’ with the introduction of the Personal Responsibility and Work Opportunity Reconciliation Act (PRWORA) of 1996, he stressed that child support payments from non-resident fathers were a central plank of American welfare reforms. Specifically, President Clinton said that ‘if every parent paid the child support they should … we could move 800,000 women and children off welfare immediately’ (Hansen

in Between two worlds of father politics
Samuel Zaoui’s Saint Denis bout du monde
Mireille Le Breton

the missing pieces of her family memory: le puzzle de la mémoire (the puzzle of memory). Finally, this chapter asks how the contemporary French novel rewrites memories of immigration in France to focus on new possibilities for reconciliation, as the genre itself may become a ‘place of memory,’ or what Pierre Nora calls a lieu de mémoire (1984: 1004). Samuel Zaoui was born in 1967 in Paris, to a Sephardic Jewish father and a Kabylian mother. His first novel, Saint Denis bout du monde was published in 2008, shortly followed by a detective novel, Omnivore, in 2009. In

in Reimagining North African Immigration
Where and when does the violence end?
David M. Anderson and Paul J. Lane

’s treasurer absconded with their meagre funds. Though a local politician subsequently took the bones away –​no one knows why, or where to –​a few local residents still cherish the sanctity of the place and have created a commemorative ‘peace garden’ on the site. It is a place of peace, now, and a site of reconciliation, but it is no longer a cemetery.3 The bones at Othaya were heroic. And they were politically potent. They belonged to ancestors renowned as Kenya’s brave nationalist fighters –​the young men among the Kikuyu who joined 15 The unburied victims of the Mau Mau

in Human remains in society

This book examines the treatment of cultural and religious diversity - indigenous and immigrant - on both sides of the Irish border in order to analyse the current state of tolerance, and the kinds of policies that may support integration while respecting diversity. While it is sometimes argued that in contemporary societies we need to go ‘beyond tolerance’ to more positive recognition, new and continuing tensions and conflicts among groups suggest that there may still be a role for tolerance. The first set of chapters focus on the spheres of education, civic life and politics, including chapters on specific groups (e.g. travellers, immigrants), as well as the communal divisions in Northern Ireland. Later chapters reflect on the Irish experience of diversity, and assess the extent to which the conceptual approaches and discourses employed to deal with it are comparable between the jurisdictions of the Republic and Northern Ireland. Finally the book considers the implications for what constitutes the most appropriate approach to diversity - whether this should ideally be in terms of tolerance and mutual accommodation, of recognition, or transformative reconciliation. This is the first book to address the issue of tolerance across the broad sweep of different kinds of religious and cultural diversity in Northern Ireland and the Republic.

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Heritage and transformation in Nelson Mandela Bay
Author: Naomi Roux

The book focuses on the Nelson Mandela Bay Metro in South Africa’s Eastern Cape, using the city as a case study to read the ways in which memory is being written into South African urban space two decades after the end of apartheid. At the core of the book is the question of how history is written into public space, and how inscriptions of the past and its meanings are being challenged. This reading of public space and memory is located in a context where the promises of ‘reconciliation’ and the ‘rainbow nation’ are largely falling apart, and one in which South African cities remain in dire need of dramatic spatial and social transformation. The book is organised around four examples of memorial sites/practices, highlighting some of the ways in which public memory has been circumscribed by the state as well as the ways in which this circumscription has been contested. These include the Red Location Museum of Struggle, a highly contentious museum project; histories of forced removals in the suburb of South End; the activism and iconography of a group called the Amabutho, which was active in the city’s townships during the struggles of the 1980s; and heritage-related public art projects in the city centre. These examples collectively illuminate the spatial politics of memory in the twenty-first-century post-apartheid city, and the intersections between urban transformation and public memory.

Editor: Tom Inglis

The Irish mind has enabled the Irish to balance and accommodate imagination and intellect, emotion and reason, poetry and science. The notion of cultural difference is not just an Irish story, but a story of nations and ethnic groups all over the world. The story of modernity revolves around people coming to see and understand themselves as belonging to nations. Although there were other European nations that made Catholicism a keystone of national difference, there were many factors that made the Irish project different. The idea of creating a society that had a collective vision and commitment without being socialist became an ideal of the Catholic Church during the latter half of the twentieth century. The Church did, nevertheless, have a profound influence on Irish society and culture. The extent to which the Catholic Church shaped and influenced Irish politics has been the subject of much research and debate. The power of the Catholic Church in politics stemmed from the power it developed in the modernisation of Irish society and, in particular, the controlling of sexuality, marriage and fertility. During the first half of the twentieth century, the Irish developed a particular aversion to marriage. For many nations and ethnic groups, what binds people together is that they speak the same language. It may well be that for generations many Irish people identified the Irish language, music and sport as an inhibitor in embracing a less insular and more urbane, cosmopolitan disposition.

The Manchester School, colonial and postcolonial transformations
Author: Richard Werbner

Anthropology after Gluckman places the intimate circle around Max Gluckman, his Manchester School, in the vanguard of modern social anthropology. The book discloses the School’s intense, argument-rich collaborations, developing beyond an original focus in south and central Africa. Where outsiders have seen dominating leadership by Gluckman, a common stock of problems, and much about conflict, Richard Werbner highlights how insiders were drawn to explore many new frontiers in fieldwork and in-depth, reflexive ethnography, because they themselves, in class and gender, ethnicity and national origins, were remarkably inclusive. Characteristically different anthropologists, their careers met the challenges of being a public intellectual, an international celebrity, an institutional good citizen, a social and political activist, an advocate of legal justice. Their living legacies are shown, for the first time, through interlinked social biography and intellectual history to reach broadly across politics, law, ritual, semiotics, development studies, comparative urbanism, social network analysis and mathematical sociology. Innovation – in research methods and techniques, in documenting people’s changing praxis and social relations, in comparative analysis and a destabilizing strategy of re-analysis within ethnography – became the School’s hallmark. Much of this exploration confronted troubling times in Africa, colonial and postcolonial, which put the anthropologists and their anthropological knowledge at risk. The resurgence of debate about decolonization makes the accounts of fierce, End of Empire argument and recent postcolonial anthropology all the more topical. The lessons, even in activism, for social scientists, teachers as well as graduate and undergraduate students are compelling for our own troubled times.