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Silvia Salvatici

Battle of Solferino and launched an appeal for wounded soldiers to be cared for independently of their uniforms; his pamphlet had at its core the neutrality of relief but it did not contain any references to pacifism. In their La guerre e la charité – published in 1867 with the idea of giving a theoretical and programmed vision to the emerging Red Cross movement – Gustave Moynier and Luis Appia argued for the need to oppose the cruelty of war but did not explicitly condemn it. The two authors believed that the atrocities committed during military interventions were

in A history of humanitarianism, 1755–1989
Silvia Salvatici

, impartiality and independence that had been clearly stated a few years earlier in the document approved by the XX International Conference of the Red Cross movement, the culmination of a long internal debate following the events of the Holocaust. 35 However, the strength the Committee could have exercised in the conduct of the negotiations was undermined in the first place by its loss of authority in the new constellation of international organisations that had developed since the Second World War. Forced after 1945 to accept a considerable reduction in budget and staff

in A history of humanitarianism, 1755–1989
Silvia Salvatici

programme for German children, and in 1920s Germany the Quäkerspeisung (Quaker food) became a synonym for international aid. 6 Davison’s considerations, though, looked well beyond the hypothesis of not ‘demobilising’ the people who were now expert in aid for suffering populations. The project supported by the president of the ARC War Council was more ambitious and referred to the entire Red Cross movement. In fact, the intention was to unify the individual national societies in a single, supranational body that not only would enter in action in wartime

in A history of humanitarianism, 1755–1989