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Dolto, psychoanalysis and Catholicism from Occupation to Liberation
Richard Bates

practising a kind of ‘wild’ psychoanalysis (often with children) in his priest’s cassock. 19 Over the next fifteen years, Dolto’s Christianity and her understanding of psychoanalysis became much more closely intertwined. World War II, an inescapable part of the context for this, represented an immediate rupture in Dolto’s career plans. From October 1939 until June 1940 she was requisitioned, like many female doctors, to make ‘sanitary visits’ to classes of refugee children in the Paris region. 20 On the German

in Psychoanalysis and the family in twentieth-century France
Space, identity and power

This volume aims to disclose the political, social and cultural factors that influenced the sanitary measures against epidemics developed in the Mediterranean during the long nineteenth century. The contributions to the book provide new interdisciplinary insights to the booming field of ‘quarantine studies’ through a systematic use of the analytic categories of space, identity and power. The ultimate goal is to show the multidimensional nature of quarantine, the intimate links that sanitary administrations and institutions had with the territorial organization of states, international trade, the construction of national, colonial, religious and professional identities or the configuration of political regimes. The circum-Mediterranean geographical spread of the case studies contained in this volume illuminates the similarities and differences around and across this sea, on the southern and northern shores, in Arabic, Spanish, Portuguese, Greek, Italian, English and French-speaking domains. At the same time, it is highly interested in engaging in the global English-speaking community, offering a wide range of terms, sources, bibliography, interpretative tools and views produced and elaborated in various Mediterranean countries. The historical approach will be useful to recognize the secular tensions that still lie behind present-day issues such as the return of epidemics or the global flows of migrants and refugees.

Costas Tsiamis,, Eleni Thalassinou, Effie Poulakou-Rebelakou, and Angelos Hatzakis

to strengthen them. It did this, we suggest, not only to counter the spread of cholera, plague and other contagious diseases, but also to police regional commerce and shipping, to allow its own ships to move smoothly through Mediterranean at a time when quarantine was widely practised across the region, and to manage local problems such as smuggling from the mainland of Greece, the arrival of Greek refugees from the Ottoman Empire and local resistance to British rule. Indeed, local perceptions that the quarantine system was not working fed into broader Ionian

in Mediterranean Quarantines, 1750–1914
Clement Masakure

, the majority of African nurses had never encountered war casualties. With time, black and white nursing staff ‘became very efficient and adept at treating casualties and gunshot wounds’. 1 Besides bringing new challenges – nursing war casualties, the war introduced another health centre – the ‘bush hospital’. The ‘bush hospital’ catered for the health needs of nationalist combatants and refugees in neighbouring countries. A number of the workers who provided medical and nursing services in the ‘bush hospitals’ had little experience in hospital work. Recruited from

in African nurses and everyday work in twentieth-century Zimbabwe
Suriname under Dutch rule, 1750– 1950

Explaining how leprosy was considered in various historical settings by referring to categories of uncleanliness in antiquity, is problematic. The book historicizes how leprosy has been framed and addressed. It investigates the history of leprosy in Suriname, a plantation society where the vast majority of the population consisted of imported slaves from Africa. The relationship between the modern stigmatization and exclusion of people affected with leprosy, and the political tensions and racial fears originating in colonial slave society, exerting their influence until after the decolonization up to the present day. The book explores leprosy management on the black side of the medical market in the age of slavery as contrasted with the white side. The difference in perspectives on leprosy between African slaves and European masters contributed to the development of the 'Great Confinement' policies, and leprosy sufferers were sent to the Batavia leprosy asylum. Dutch debates about leprosy took place when the threat of a 'return' of leprosy to the Netherlands appeared to materialise. A symbiotic alliance for leprosy care that had formed between the colonial state and the Catholics earlier in the nineteenth century was renegotiated within the transforming landscape of Surinamese society to incorporate Protestants as well. By 1935, Dutch colonial medicine had dammed the growing danger of leprosy by using the modern policies of detection and treatment. Dutch doctors and public health officials tried to come to grips with the Afro-Surinamese belief in treef and its influence on the execution of public health policies.

The role of country of origin
Brendan D. Kelly

). Asylum-­seekers present particular challenges to mental health services as they come from a variety of cultural backgrounds and often have sharply diminished social support. Many have experienced human rights abuse, torture or displacement in their homeland (Silove et al., 2000; Ryan et al., 2009). As a result, post-­traumatic stress disorder affects 46.6% of all refugees in, for example, Oslo (Lavik et al., 1996). Research on this topic in Ireland is still quite limited, but there has been some work done since rates of inward migration increased in the late 1990s

in Ethical and legal debates in Irish healthcare
Barbra Mann Wall

their stories told as much as hers. In writing the diary, her style is practical in form as she jotted down her own daily activities and those of the people she worked with. She squeezed in time to write after a long day of working in the hospital or in the refugee camps. Sister Pauline recorded events from January to September 1968. The sisters at St Mary’s included two nurse midwives, Sisters Eugene McCullagh and Elizabeth Dooley; two physicians, Sisters Pauline Dean and Leonie McSweeney; and administrator Sister Brigidine Murphy. The MMM established St Mary’s in

in Colonial caring
Abstract only
Writing the history of the ‘International’ Health Service
Julian M. Simpson

influenced the work of historians.15 Tony Kushner offers a not dissimilar argument regarding forced migration in his book Remembering refugees: Then and now where he notes the lack of historical attention 4 4Introduction paid to the movement of some 250,000 Belgian refugees to Britain during World War I and contrasts it with what he calls the ‘near obsession’ with racist and fascist groups in British history.16 Gérard Noiriel has shown how discussing migration as an internal dimension of the development of European nations rather than an external part of contemporary

in Migrant architects of the NHS
Canadian military nurses at Petrograd, 1915–17
Cynthia Toman

Canadian representative in this diplomatic mission. She revelled in opportunities to mingle with the royal family of Tsar Nicholas II as well as other prominent people, recorded her perspectives of the Russian revolution from the vantage point of hospital windows overlooking streets where events were taking place, and finagled her way into prisons, refugee camps and a field hospital on the southern Russian front by using her social and political connections. Military nurses like Cotton enabled political alliances that partially kept Russia from becoming allied with

in One hundred years of wartime nursing practices, 1854–1953
Christine E. Hallett

support to the Russian Government in alleviating the plight of millions of refugees.89 Her remit was to examine the possibility of staffing a maternity unit in one of the major Russian cities,90 yet she travelled widely, examining the refugee problem in detail. The result was a book, The People who Run, which explores the realities of life for ‘those five and a half million dazed and terrified people who fled away from their homes in the summer and autumn of 1915, before the great German advance into Russia’.91 Thurstan was obviously deeply moved by the plight of the

in Nurse Writers of the Great War