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Andrzej Grzegorczyk

The Kulmhof extermination camp in Chełmno nad Nerem was the first camp set up by the Nazis to exterminate Jews during the Second World War. The history of Kulmhof has long been an area of interest for academics, but despite thorough research it remains one of the least-known places of its kind among the public. Studies of the role of archaeology in acquiring knowledge about the functioning of the camp have been particularly compelling. The excavations carried out intermittently over a thirty-year period (1986–2016), which constitute the subject of this article, have played a key role in the rise in public interest in the history of the camp.

Human Remains and Violence: An Interdisciplinary Journal
Results of the Charité Human Remains Project
Holger Stoecker
Andreas Winkelmann

From 2010 to 2013 the Charité Human Remains Project researched the provenance of the remains of fifty-seven men and women from the then colony of German South West Africa. They were collected during German colonial rule, especially but not only during the colonial war 1904–8. The remains were identified in anthropological collections of academic institutions in Berlin. The article describes the history of these collections, the aims, methods and interdisciplinary format of provenance research as well as its results and finally the restitutions of the remains to Namibia in 2011 and 2014.

Human Remains and Violence: An Interdisciplinary Journal
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Museums and the future of curatorship

What is the future of curatorial practice? How can the relationships between Indigenous people in the Pacific, collections in Euro-American institutions and curatorial knowledge in museums globally be (re)conceptualised in reciprocal and symmetrical ways? Is there an ideal model, a ‘curatopia’, whether in the form of a utopia or dystopia, which can enable the reinvention of ethnographic museums and address their difficult colonial legacies? This volume addresses these questions by considering the current state of the play in curatorial practice, reviewing the different models and approaches operating in different museums, galleries and cultural organisations around the world, and debating the emerging concerns, challenges and opportunities. The subject areas range over native and tribal cultures, anthropology, art, history, migration and settler culture, among others. Topics covered include: contemporary curatorial theory, new museum trends, models and paradigms, the state of research and scholarship, the impact of new media and current issues such as curatorial leadership, collecting and collection access and use, exhibition development and community engagement. The volume is international in scope and covers three broad regions – Europe, North America and the Pacific. The contributors are leading and emerging scholars and practitioners in their respective fields, all of whom have worked in and with universities and museums, and are therefore perfectly placed to reshape the dialogue between academia and the professional museum world.

Patricia Lambert-Zazulak

25 The International Ancient Egyptian Mummy Tissue Bank Patricia Lambert-Zazulak The concept of tissue banking is well established, and has many applications in the medical field. Good examples are tissues stored for transplant surgery and also blood and blood product banking, all of which have contributed in many ways to modern medicine and research. Tissues are collected, stored, studied and distributed in a variety of ways appropriate to their uses, and each type of tissue bank has its own scientific and ethical considerations, which are ­complementary to

in Mummies, magic and medicine in ancient Egypt
Lidija M. McKnight
Stephanie Atherton-Woolham

Society in 1821 (David 1979b: vii). Since the foundation of the Manchester Museum Mummy Project, the University of Manchester has continued to study mummified remains by way of the same multi-disciplinary approach. In the first stages human mummies formed the basis of the project, with little research dedicated to the animal mummies beyond basic cataloguing. Since 2000, however, work by the authors has raised the profile of animal mummy research; in particular those dedicated as votive offerings (Ikram 2005: 9–14; McKnight and Atherton-Woolham 2015). In 2010, funding

in Mummies, magic and medicine in ancient Egypt
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Caroline Sturdy Colls
Kevin Simon Colls

about the crimes perpetrated on the island and the fate of missing persons. 2 No detailed attempt was made at the time, or since, to determine exactly who was missing, a fact that has both served to anonymise the victims and to perpetuate the notion that all of those who died were found during the 1961 exhumations described in Chapter 8 . In the absence of thorough and conclusive research, some have argued that the death toll stood at 389 while others have claimed tens of thousands of deaths took place

in 'Adolf Island'
Don Brothwell

18 The biology of ancient Egyptians and Nubians Don Brothwell Since Napoleonic times, there has been a constant interest in not only the art and architecture of Egypt and Nubia, but also the mummies and skeletons discovered there. Early studies, such as Nott and Gliddon (1857), lacked scientific rigour, but by the end of the nineteenth century, there was concern to improve scientific accuracy in reporting and increase sample sizes. Examples of this improved standard of research are provided by Elliot Smith and Wood Jones (1910) and Oetteking (1908) on Egyptian

in Mummies, magic and medicine in ancient Egypt
Catherine J. Frieman

other words, although I believe that archaeological approaches to material culture and technology have great potential to enhance our understanding about the process of innovation and its place in human society, their relevance to studies of the contemporary world, to the population at large, and of course to non-archaeological research into innovation is rarely made clear. In this chapter, I present the idea of innovation, and how it developed and continues to develop in scholarly and public discourse. Interpretations of innovation and innovative behavior drawn

in An archaeology of innovation
Susan Martin

human remains were not well enough preserved to withstand the handling involved in an unwrapping. Instead it was decided that a dissection that worked along the mummy in sections in an organised and systematic manner was the most practical course of action. This strategy reflected the largely biomedical interests and strengths of the research team and resulted in a method that ultimately favoured the salvage of human material. At the time of the dissection the study of the textiles from 1770 did not feature prominently in the interests of the research team, and the

in Mummies, magic and medicine in ancient Egypt
The case of Oscar Montelius and Italy
Anna Gustavsson

husband’s work, and accompanied him on several research trips. Montelius became affiliated with the National Museum as a young scholar in the mid-1860s and was awarded a doctorate in history, since archaeology was not yet an established academic discipline. His dissertation, entitled ‘Remains from the Iron Age of Scandinavia’ (published as Montelius, 1869), was an overview of current research on how Iron Age culture spread from Egypt, via Greece, Rome and Hallstatt to Scandinavia. From an early stage, an important characteristic of his research method was to gather as

in Communities and knowledge production in archaeology