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Middle-Aged Syrian Women’s Contributions to Family Livelihoods during Protracted Displacement in Jordan
Dina Sidhva, Ann-Christin Zuntz, Ruba al Akash, Ayat Nashwan, and Areej Al-Majali

at the income-generating activities that our interlocutors engage in during the (literal or perceived) absence of their husbands. The fourth section asks how middle-aged women juggle their economic roles with more traditional duties as matchmakers, grandmothers and mothers-in-law. Methodology and Study Participants This project was funded by the Scottish Funding Council’s (SFC) Global Challenges Research Fund (GCRF) Internal Pump Priming Fund at the

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs
Michaël Amara

.21 Belgians faced problems of being defined as aliens. The Aliens Restriction Act (1914) made a distinction between alien friends and enemy aliens but the regulations imposed by the law (restrictions on their freedom of movement, registration provisions, etc.) affected their daily lives and were considered unfair and stigmatising. Some suffered from being confused with enemies. In Scotland, suspected refugees were regularly arrested by policemen who thought they were speaking German. Flemish-speaking refugees, who might be mistaken for Germans, were particularly

in Europe on the move
Abstract only
Mary McAleese

heartpower to recognise the loss and waste that came out of conflict and the passion to heal and to reconcile. Northern Ireland played Ireland’s starring role in the first industrial revolution. It has a strong entrepreneurial tradition, a rich multifaceted culture drawing on the deep wells of Irish, British and Scottish tradition. But just at the point where its most educated generation ever appeared, it slid into the Troubles and so has never until now had the chance to reveal its fullest potential, harnessing all its talent, in a unified civic society, working together

in Peacemaking in the twenty-first century
Abstract only
Gatrell Peter

such as the Quakers, who had devoted themselves to the relief of civilians in earlier conflicts, and women from various backgrounds who voluntarily performed dangerous work on behalf of the Scottish Women’s Hospitals operated across the continent, along with well-resourced newcomers, such as Near East Relief and the American Red Cross. Their efforts did not come to an end in 1918.59 Although relief efforts had an emergency character, they mattered in ways that were not always evident at the time. Some individuals drew upon their experience of wartime displacement to

in Europe on the move
Abstract only
The retreat of the Serbian army and civilians in 1915–16
Danilo Šarenac

-Serb sentiment. The initiative came from members of the Serbian Relief Fund and those who worked with the numerous medical missions hitherto active in Serbia, notably Dr Elsie Inglis from the Scottish Women’s Hospitals. Typical of the publicity given to this campaign was Bernard Partridge’s poster of ‘Heroic Serbia’, which first appeared in Punch magazine. On 28 June, St. Vitus Day, 22 MPs tabled a motion in the House of Commons expressing Britain’s gratitude for ‘Serbia’s heroism and long-lasting resistance’.60 For its part, the Serbian intellectual elite used every

in Europe on the move
Financial liberalisation and the end of the Cold War
Helen Thompson

Conservative and Labour parties had destroyed their reputations for economic competence and left the economy vulnerable to external crises of confidence. Certainly there was little evidence in the spring of 1979 that what had been a decade of economic crisis had damaged support for democracy. The territorial fallout of the crisis was also limited. When offered the opportunity in 1978 to devolve power from London to Edinburgh and Cardiff respectively, both the Scottish and Welsh electorates rejected it. Nonetheless, there appeared no plausible way in the circumstances in

in Might, right, prosperity and consent
Some empirical evidence
Darren Halpin

one way to gain purchase on promises and practices of interest groups with affiliates with respect to democratizing and participatory potential. Where promise meets practice Two cases demonstrate where the promise of ideal type representation and solidarity (respectively) are closely approximated by practice. Representation by definition The National Farmers’ Union Scotland (NFUS) is a farmers’ union that pursues the interests of a discrete vocational grouping

in Groups, representation and democracy
The external dynamics
Mary C. Murphy

nationalist calls for recognition of their special link with the Republic of Ireland. It also spawned the establishment of a series of Implementation Bodies, one of which has an EU remit. The SEUPB has responsibility for the management of cross-border EU Structural Fund programmes in Northern Ireland, the border region of Ireland and parts of Western Scotland. The BIC brings together representatives from eight administrations across the UK and Ireland and is a forum for the development of broader relations on an East–West basis. The introduction of devolution also

in Northern Ireland and the European Union
Applying a theory of multi-level governance
Mary C. Murphy

UK to leave the European Union. Interestingly, the Northern Ireland electorate voted to remain in the EU. Like Scotland, a majority of Northern Ireland voters (56% in total) opted for continued UK membership of the EU. Theories of EU integration and governance have evolved in tandem with the physical and political expansion of the EU. Few theorists, however, have considered the disintegration of the EU, an oversight which now appears remiss.1 A large number and variety of theoretical studies have attempted to analyse and capture the complexity of the EU’s dynamics

in Theories of International Relations and Northern Ireland
The economic dynamics
Mary C. Murphy

. Moreover, the act addresses a range of policy areas where devolved units may have legitimate concerns and interests. Some of these are considered by the Convention of Scottish Local Authorities (COSLA) in its direct contribution to the European Commission-led public consultation. No Northern Ireland (or Welsh) body formally contributed to the consultation process. The Single Market Act has been discussed at an intragovernmental level in the UK in the context of meetings of the Joint Ministerial Committee on Europe (JMC[E]) (see OFMDFM Committee, Northern Ireland Assembly

in Northern Ireland and the European Union