The European Union (EU) has emerged as an important security actor qua actor, not only in the non-traditional areas of security, but increasingly as an entity with force projection capabilities. This book investigates how the concept of security relates to or deals with different categories of threat, explores the relationship between forms of coordination among states, international institutions, and the provision of European security and the execution of security governance. It also investigates whether the EU has been effective in realising its stated security objectives and those of its member states. The book commences with a discussion on the changing nature of the European state, the changing nature and broadening of the security agenda, and the problem of security governance in the European political space. There are four functional challenges facing the EU as a security actor: the resolution of interstate conflicts, the management of intrastate conflicts, state-building endeavours, and building the institutions of civil society. The book then examines policies of prevention, particularly the pre-emption of conflict within Europe and its neighbourhood. It moves on to examine policies of assurance, particularly the problem of peace-building in south-eastern Europe. EU's peace-building or sustaining role where there has been a violent interstate or intrastate conflict, especially the origins and performance of the Stability Pact, is discussed. Finally, the book looks at the policies of protection which capture the challenge of internal security.
to bring these countries closer within its fold through an enlargement strategy, as set out under the Stability Pact for south-eastern Europe (SP) and the Stability and Association Process (SAP). Enlargement, in this respect can thus be seen as a conflict prevention tool. Before the EU introduced a genuine regional approach entailing the prospect of enlargement, its policy approaches to the
Initiative for Democracy and Human Rights (EIDHR), the European Community Humanitarian Office (ECHO), the Rapid Reaction Mechanism (RRM), and the Committee (funding) for Asia and Latin America (ALA) are located in the Commission. Similarly, the core institutional developments found in the policies of assurance are the Stabilisation and Association Process (SAP) and the Stability Pact for South Eastern Europe, both of
success depends on them . . . you will perhaps concur that an increasing threat to the regional stability prompts us to think in this direction as well.15 At the same time, four leaders in the region – Heydar Aliev (Azerbaijan), Robert Kocharian (Armenia), Eduard Shevardnadze (Georgia) and Suleyman Demirel (Turkey) – supported the development of some kind of stability or security pact for the Caucasus. Following up on this proposal, the Centre for European Policy Studies in Brussels drafted a Stability Pact for the 212 2504Chap11 7/4/03 12:41 pm Page 213 The Black
more frequently to describe the security angle of the relationship between Japan and ASEAN ( di Floristella, 2015 ), 2 and the EU ( Gilson, 2016 ; Tsuruoka, 2015 ) and NATO. In Japan’s security relations with the EU, NATO or the ARF, the term ‘regional security partnership’ is frequently used to indicate a form of security arrangement in a region that deals with specific security threats but is usually based on formal security agreements, international organisations, peace and stability pacts, and confidence-building measures ( Atina, 2007
the enlargement process, the Stability Pact for South Eastern Europe and the European Neighbourhood Policy – have been largely delegated to the Union. It is the post-Westphalian condition of the European state that requires the subordination of sovereign prerogatives to the imperative of solidarity, yet the electorate’s continuing expectation that national governments remain responsible for governing
/1999. 40 European Commission (2003) ‘… conflict prevention …’: 10. 41 The EU has Special Representatives in Afghanistan, Africa the Great Lakes region, the Middle East, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Central Asia, Macedonia, Moldova, South Caucasus, Sudan, Kosovo, and to the Stability Pact for South Eastern