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Tasnim Qutait

rise of violent non-state actors disproportionately impact less economically developed countries. Zoë Marriage states that ‘the security agenda globally has been driven by Northern concern over disorder, migration and terrorism’. 3 According to Pinar Bilgin, rather than constituting a blind spot in the field, ‘the historical absence of non-Western insecurities has been

in British culture after empire
Territorial disputes, unequal citizens and the rise of majoritarian nationalism in India, Pakistan and Bangladesh
Amit Ranjan

to stop providing support to terrorism, which India considered a violation of the Simla Agreement, and adhere to the internationally accepted norms of interstate conduct that ‘is the root cause of tension between the two countries’. 66 However, in 1999 the Simla Agreement made a comeback in the Lahore Declaration adopted during Indian Prime Minister Atal Behari Vajpayee's visit to Lahore, after meeting his Pakistani counterpart, Muhammad Nawaz Sharif, when the two countries

in The breakup of India and Palestine
Abstract only
Between the sea and a hard place
Harrison Akins

government had secured enough arms for a thousand-man battalion to serve as the nucleus of its army. 76 As pockets of Junagadh territory increasingly slipped out of the state government’s control, the security situation rapidly worsened. Indian authorities received widespread reports of ‘a reign of terrorism’ against Junagadh’s Hindu population, with many ‘panicky and fleeing.’ These included mass conversions of Hindus, the desecration of Hindu temples and dacoits being released from prison and then armed and set loose in

in Conquering the maharajas
Imagining the future Algeria
Allison Drew

Algeria apart. On 8 April a referendum in metropolitan France signalled agreement for an independent Algeria. Europeans prepared to leave. The French government announced the court martial of any settler involved in terrorism. But the impact was swiftly undercut, in Flanner’s view, by the amnesty agreement that included those Europeans who continued to engage in their ‘blood-drunk raton[n]ades, or rat

in We are no longer in France
Andrekos Varnava
and
Casey Raeside

representative government and pluralism, especially given the opposition to enosis from the 20 per cent minority of Muslim Turks. 23 The violence was led by a Cypriot-born colonel in the Greek army, George Grivas, who Makarios III had authorised to make plans for violence in 1951. 24 On 2 April 1955, The Times reported on the EOKA sabotage and explosions in the island with the following headline: ‘Terrorism in Cyprus. 16 Simultaneous

in Comic empires
The iconography of Anglo-American inter-imperialism
Stephen Tuffnell

Statesmen from all major parties used the euphemism ‘expansion’ to disguise their own military conquest of the North American continent. For a discussion of the ambivalence, and selective racial, geographic, and constitutional anti-imperialism of American statesmen, see: Jay Sexton and Ian Tyrrell (eds), Empire's Twin: U.S. Anti-Imperialism from the Founding Era to the Age of Terrorism , Ithaca, NY: Cornell University Press, 2015. 9 On

in Comic empires
Punch and the Armenian massacres of 1894–1896
Leslie Rogne Schumacher

and Opinion , Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press, 1950; Michael J. Hughes, ‘British Opinion and Russian Terrorism in the 1880s’, European History Quarterly , 41 (2), 2011, pp. 255–277; Michael J. Hughes, ‘The English Slavophile: W. J. Birbeck and Russia’, Slavonic and East European Review , 82 (3), 2004, pp. 680–706; Peter Hopkirk, The Great Game: On Secret Service in High Asia , Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2001. 74

in Comic empires
Carol Polsgrove

, they challenged the status quo and their low place in it. Across the continent of Africa, a web of laws silenced African speech. ‘“Dangerous thought” is as much a bogey to the Nigerian officials as it is to those in India’, Padmore wrote in his new manuscript. ‘The country is ruled by a criminal code that makes for intellectual terrorism unsurpassed anywhere else in West Africa. The Press, one of the

in Ending British rule in Africa
Abstract only
Kate O’Malley

was this which provided the impetus for the very formation of IPI. Viewed from this standpoint IPI has a contemporary resonance, as the ‘war on terrorism’ has seen Western governments seek to confront transnational threats that evaded traditional, national based intelligence strategies. In 1915 as a result of this increased demand for the monitoring of Indian revolutionary

in Ireland, India and empire
David M. Anderson

underground Turkish political organisation, initially known as Volkan but later as TMT, had threatened reprisals against Greek Cypriots should Turks be killed by EOKA terrorism. Ali Riza was the first Turkish policeman to be killed, murdered in Paphos on 11 January 1956. His death was followed by widespread attacks on Greek Cypriot properties. Riots in Nicosia in April 1956 followed the murder of Constable Nihiat Vassif

in Policing and decolonisation