Search results

You are looking at 1 - 10 of 19 items for :

  • "Western democracies" x
  • Manchester International Relations x
  • Refine by access: All content x
Clear All
An Interview with Celso Amorim, Former Brazilian Foreign Minister
Juliano Fiori

states, others, like the GATT [General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade], were only for the capitalist world. There was an order, which, in theory, combined Western democracy with a more-or-less regulated capitalism: the so-called liberal order – although perhaps ‘liberal’ isn’t the most precise term, either in political or economic terms. There were of course other characteristics. The promotion of human rights became one, for example, albeit selective. When South Korea was still under dictatorship, we would ask ‘What about South Korea? Shouldn’t it

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs
Open Access (free)
Governing Precarity through Adaptive Design
Mark Duffield

. ( 2013 ), ‘ 21st Century Welfare ’, New Left Review , 84 , 5 – 40 . Lebaron , G. and Ayers , A. ( 2013 ), ‘ The Rise of a “New Slavery”? Understanding Unfree Labour through Neoliberalism ’, Third World Quarterly , 34 : 5 , 837 – 92 . Mair , P. ( 2013 ), Ruling the Void: The Hollowing of Western Democracy ( London : Verso ). Meagher , K. ( 1990 ), ‘ The Hidden Economy: Informal and Parallel Trade in Northwestern Uganda ’, Review

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs
Open Access (free)
Amikam Nachmani

to come to blows, a puzzling state of affairs. A secular, pro-Western democracy, representing everything Iran despises, Ankara was positive that Tehran sought to export the revolution to Turkey. Ankara knew that it would be an extraordinary coup for the revolution should Iran manage successfully to subvert Turkey, a key Muslim state, a symbol of profane worldly rule, as well as a strategic and ideological adversary. Regularly and violently, Iran raged against the Turkish secular state, against Turkish democracy, and against Turkey’s blind

in Turkey: facing a new millennium
Amikam Nachmani

In a 1992 issue of Time magazine, in an article on Turkey, the writer inserted the following “ad” in the middle: Help Wanted Nation to serve as go-between for the Western world and the Middle East and assist in turning suspicion into cooperation. Must be firm U.S.–European ally desirous of still closer ties yet, Islamic in religion and culture, capable of serving as a role model of secularized Western democracy for other Muslim states. Ethnic links with some of those states, booming free

in Turkey: facing a new millennium
Amikam Nachmani

beleaguered Azeris little more than token support. Suleiman Demirel, Turkey’s President, defended the decision, by explaining that to intervene in the dispute would reawaken the age-old Muslim–Christian conflict, with Muslim Turkey cast as the villain of the piece. “All our contacts with Europe would be disrupted,” he claimed. 43 Efforts have been made to improve Turkey’s freedom of expression and association. The media has been reformed – some of the alterations in accordance with the standards of Western democracies – by abrogating the monopoly of

in Turkey: facing a new millennium
Open Access (free)
Amikam Nachmani

rules of Western democracy. As for the Kurds, Washington, despite its basic endorsement of the principle of Kurdish nationalism, branded the PKK a terrorist organization, backed the idea of a Turkish security zone in northern Iraq, and approved, tacitly, of Turkey’s search-and-destroy missions against the PKK bases in the area. It also sanctioned, and perhaps even took part in, the Turkish operation to capture Abdalluh Ocalan, an operation that skirted dangerously close to the edges of international law. But, perhaps, above all, it was the

in Turkey: facing a new millennium
Institutionalisation and democractisation in Chávez’s Venezuela
Barry Cannon

. Democracy in peril The genesis and decline of ‘Westerndemocracy Nabulsi points out that it is struggle, not institutions, which create democracy: It is not only after one possesses democratic institutions that one practices democracy, nor is democracy merely a set of institutions or mechanisms such as elections. Democracy only holds if it emerges by customary practice in the public sphere, and in the case of Europe this custom developed through organised resistance to unrepresentative rule

in Hugo Chávez and the Bolivarian revolution
The representation account
Darren Halpin

they seek or claim to work for. Some ask if INGOs or global civil society suffer their own ‘legitimacy deficit’ (Collingwood and Logister 2005). Data on global civil society shows that most groups are funded, supported and based in western democracies (Western Europe and North America especially), despite the fact that much of their work entails advocating for people in the ‘south’ (Glasius et al. 2005, 408). The 2005 Civil Society Yearbook provides some interesting data. Based on analysis of the Union of International Associations (UIA

in Groups, representation and democracy
Darren Halpin

hollowing out of parties, therefore, is also suggestive of the hollowing out of groups. Democratic deficit and the tyranny of majoritarian government The problem of ‘democratic deficit’ is diagnosed in most western democracies; typically on the back of declining voter turnout, falling party memberships and indicators that citizens have lost trust in politicians (Dalton 2004; Pattie et al. 2004). Not only are parties hollowed out, but electoral systems point to citizen disillusionment and disengagement (see Dalton and

in Groups, representation and democracy
Abstract only
The democratic continuum
Kirsten Haack

that achieves a full procedural democracy. In modern Western democracies the question of inclusion and exclusion concerns primarily foreign nationals, the incapacitated, the young and other groups so marginal that suffrage can easily be seen as universal. Thus, while a demos narrowly defined could theoretically create a democracy, its quality would be questionable. This was not only highlighted by the experiences of the ‘democratic’ communist states – ‘people’s democracies’ – but also the democratic state of South Africa under apartheid. As Brooker pointed out, South

in The United Nations democracy agenda