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Tony Dundon, Miguel Martinez Lucio, Emma Hughes, Debra Howcroft, Arjan Keizer, and Roger Walden

Introduction Most people enjoy work: it brings economic sustenance, mental attainment, a sense of fulfilment along with many positive social and community connections. However many people become ‘alienated’ from work, which means they end up feeling separated, socially and emotionally, from others in society, usually because of the way they are treated while at work by their boss or company – whether that is teaching children at school, repairing computers, providing domestic care for the elderly, or delivering food as an independent contractor via a smart

in Power, politics and influence at work
Tony Dundon, Miguel Martinez Lucio, Emma Hughes, Debra Howcroft, Arjan Keizer, and Roger Walden

Introduction The analysis in this book has been informed by six dimensions that can influence work and employment issues, first summarised in Chapter 1 ( Table 1.1 ). These dimensions include: (1) labour indeterminacy and structured antagonism outlined in Chapter 1 ; (2) management actions, labour market utilisation and new technologies, discussed in Chapter 2 ; (3) globalisation, also debated in Chapter 2 ; (4) the role of the state and employment regulation, examined in Chapter 3 ; (5) the communication sphere covered in Chapter 4 on worker voice

in Power, politics and influence at work
Brian Elliott

Work and social value In the first three chapters of this book I set out and defended a theory of democracy that centres on the principle of popular sovereignty; grounded that principle in the concrete history of working-class struggle; and further interpreted democracy in line with Raymond Williams’s idea of the ‘long revolution’. Along the way, it has been repeatedly stressed that democratic culture is essentially about sharing decision-making power over the material conditions of everyday life as widely and deeply as possible. In Williams’s own words

in The roots of populism
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Income, identity and collective action
Andy Smith

Introduction Just as in other countries, for most people in France working is first and foremost the activity through which they earn enough to live on and, wherever possible, make plans and investments for their future and that of their families. At the same time, because of the time one spends on it and especially the social meaning it possesses, work is also widely seen as defining who one is in society, whether one fits within it and self-perceptions of success or failure ( Cousin, 2019 ). Indeed, through what Dubar calls ‘the socialization of activity

in Made in France

The book is about the changing nature of work and employment relations power. It is directed at those who are activists or supporters of goals for a better and more equitable working life, including students, policy makers, trade unionists and CSO/NGO activists. The book engages with competing debates and perspectives about labour agency, examining inter alia the power of the nation state, issues of bogus self-employment and the gig economy, and the inequalities from market reform and globalisation. The book supports a range of modes of student learning, including courses for trade union and community groups. Its contents cover the employment contract, the power of the state, technology and work, globalisation, employee voice and union mobilisation, worker voices beyond the workplace, the future of work and the goals towards a ‘decent’ work agenda.

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The social dimension of EU–Africa relations
Jan Orbie

The social dimension of EU–Africa relations 14 Work in progress: the social dimension of EU–Africa relations Jan Orbie Since the early 2000s, the European Union (EU) has explicitly committed itself to promoting the social dimension of globalisation.1 The emergence of this new external policy objective reflects broader trends such as the post-­Washington Consensus in the development sphere and the resurrection of the International Labour Organisation (ILO) as the core institution for global social governance.2 More specifically, the ILO’s social dimension of

in The European Union in Africa
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Rejuvenating ‘supply-side’ explanations
Darren Halpin

Introduction The work of Mancur Olson (1965) on the ‘collective action problem’ has perhaps been the dominant influence on contemporary group scholarship. An obligatory section in text books and a mandatory reference in articles on group formation and maintenance, Olson’s contribution has been profound. In the US, the most authoritative recent review of the interest group field attributes the sheer volume of studies on group formation to the dominance of Olson’s hypothesis (Baumgartner and Leech 1998). In the

in Groups, representation and democracy
Torben Krings, Elaine Moriarty, James Wickham, Alicja Bobek, and Justyna Salamońska

5 Employment conditions and the culture of work This chapter addresses the experiences of Polish migrants in the Irish workplace. It explores to what extent their experiences were shaped by sectoral and occupational differences and how migrants interacted with employers and the regulatory environment of the Irish workplace. We show that the work experience of Polish migrants in less-skilled jobs in hospitality and construction was one of informality, non-compliance and casual employment. However, such employment was not necessarily perceived as a disadvantage

in New mobilities in Europe
Brian Elliott

class. While there was strenuous and sometimes dramatic popular opposition to this shift, Thatcherite policy also worked because it genuinely tapped into established working-class habits of mind. As Hoggart’s ( 2009 ) analysis recounts, British working-class communities were prone to resent any sense of dependency on institutionalized assistance. Getting by using only one’s own means and efforts was generally seen as a marker of social respectability. But this ethic of self-sufficiency did not rule out an equally important sense of group solidarity. This latter

in The roots of populism
The Central Sphagnum Depot for Ireland at the Royal College of Science for Ireland, 1915–19
Clara Cullen

effort. This chapter provides an example of how voluntary work was organised on the domestic front in Ireland from August 1914 to meet the increasing demands of war, focusing on one specific initiative – the work of the Voluntary Aid Detachments (VADs) 1 in the Royal College of Science for Ireland in organising the collection, treatment and delivery of Sphagnum moss as an alternative medical

in Medicine, health and Irish experiences of conflict 1914–45