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Mary Gilmartin

3 Work When the Emigré research project team published its final report on contemporary Irish emigration, it noted a surprising finding. ‘Contrary to what many people might expect’, it wrote, ‘47% of today’s emigrants were in fact employed in full-time jobs before they left’ (Glynn et al. 2013: II). This finding ran counter to common beliefs in Ireland about the relationship between migration and employment, which framed migration both to and from Ireland as a job-seeking strategy. This belief is not restricted to the Irish context: academic research, policy

in Ireland and migration in the twenty-first century
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An approach to remembering and documenting everyday experiences
Karin Widerberg

Introduction In an increasingly mediated society, the importance of discovery and questioning of the mundane becomes vital to ground actions, individually and collectively, in alternative ways. Memory Work is an approach developed to help explore the mundane by problematising the things we take for granted. Through recalling and documenting stories of memories and experiences, participants, researchers and research-subjects are invited to look for variety – in one's own stories as well as in relation to the stories of the others – regarding

in Mundane Methods
Open Access (free)
A new labour market segmentation approach

This book presents new theories and international empirical evidence on the state of work and employment around the world. Changes in production systems, economic conditions and regulatory conditions are posing new questions about the growing use by employers of precarious forms of work, the contradictory approaches of governments towards employment and social policy, and the ability of trade unions to improve the distribution of decent employment conditions. Designed as a tribute to the highly influential contributions of Jill Rubery, the book proposes a ‘new labour market segmentation approach’ for the investigation of issues of job quality, employment inequalities, and precarious work. This approach is distinctive in seeking to place the changing international patterns and experiences of labour market inequalities in the wider context of shifting gender relations, regulatory regimes and production structures.

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Activism, feminism and the rise of the female office worker during the First World War and its immediate aftermath
Nicole Robertson

9 Women at work: activism, feminism and the rise of the female office worker during the First World War and its immediate aftermath Nicole Robertson One of the most dramatic changes to working lives in twentieth-century Britain was the exponential growth of the non-manual labour force. Clerical work was one of the fastest-growing categories within this sector, as the expansion of modern corporations and government administration caused a flood of paperwork, necessitating a dramatic increase in office staff.1 Prominent changes in this sector are often associated

in Labour and working-class lives
Nanna Mik-Meyer

3 Soft power and welfare work Introduction Investigations of the encounter between welfare workers and citizens must use a concept of power that does not automatically privilege, for instance, the particular profession of welfare workers, as is done in much literature on professions. The concept of power must be based on a dialectic relationship between what can be called the objective structures and the subjective experiences of these structures (Giddens’ [1984] concept of structuration). To situate analyses of welfare encounters within the structure

in The power of citizens and professionals in welfare encounters
Open Access (free)
Keeping up appearances
Kinneret Lahad

8 Time work: keeping up appearances Over the years that I have researched Israeli internet portals, I have detected a repetitive, periodical movement. As holidays like Rosh Hashana ( Jewish New Year’s Eve) and Passover, or widely commemorated romantic celebrations like Valentine’s Day approach, Israeli websites begin to publish a range of columns, written by and about single women, discussing their fears of being—and appearing to be—on their own over the holidays. This phenomenon is not unique to Israeli society, of course. One can easily find any number of

in A table for one
Caregiving companions and medical travel facilitators
Ruth Holliday, Meredith Jones, and David Bell

86 Beautyscapes: mapping cosmetic surgery tourism 4 The work of cosmetic surgery tourism I: caregiving companions and medical travel facilitators Our aim in the next two chapters is to outline the various forms of work or labour that are brought together to make cosmetic surgery happen.1 Through this focus on work we aim to provide a detailed overview of the cosmetic surgery tourism industry, focusing on the key actors whose work is central to the production of cosmetic surgery tourism. In this chapter we look closely at two key groups, one providing unpaid

in Beautyscapes
Health workers and patients
Ruth Holliday, Meredith Jones, and David Bell

108 Beautyscapes: mapping cosmetic surgery tourism 5 The work of cosmetic surgery tourism II: health workers and patients The previous chapter provided an overview of the structure of the cosmetic surgery tourism industry as a prelude to a detailed exploration of the forms of work undertaken by some of the key actors in the cosmetic surgery tourism assemblage. Basing our discussion in sociological debates about ‘new’ forms of work or labour – care work, body work, emotional labour and aesthetic labour – we showed how informal caregiving companions and MTFs

in Beautyscapes
Nanna Mik-Meyer

2 Professions, de-professionalisation and welfare work Introduction As stated in the introduction, the concept of welfare worker makes it p ­ ossible to analyse the encounter between citizens and a broad group of people: those who have both long (professionals) and short (semi-­professionals) educations, as well as employees without any formal training for conducting welfare work. An important feature – and common denominator – of these people is that their work lives involve (or even revolve around) encounters with citizens in welfare institutions, encounters

in The power of citizens and professionals in welfare encounters
Gary James

240 The emergence of footballing cultures 11 School, work and leisure By 1919 the Manchester region housed multiple leagues and competitions for all ages and there were tournaments for women, developed during the war, with several factory teams such as those representing female railway workers, ironfounders and area munitions works.1 There was a Manchester Ladies Football League which also played representative games and had sought affiliation to the FA. Women’s football was popular even though the footballing authorities were not supportive, and teams such

in The emergence of footballing cultures