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Rejuvenating ‘supply-side’ explanations
Darren Halpin

Introduction The work of Mancur Olson (1965) on the ‘collective action problem’ has perhaps been the dominant influence on contemporary group scholarship. An obligatory section in text books and a mandatory reference in articles on group formation and maintenance, Olson’s contribution has been profound. In the US, the most authoritative recent review of the interest group field attributes the sheer volume of studies on group formation to the dominance of Olson’s hypothesis (Baumgartner and Leech 1998). In the

in Groups, representation and democracy
Zalfa Feghali

2 Autobiographical acts of reading and the work of Gloria Anzaldúa and Dorothy Allison In a 2007 interview for the Voices of Feminism Oral History Project, Dorothy Allison shares her experiences of being a feminist activist and organiser in the 1960s and 1970s while at college in Florida. She reveals how, attending one women’s meeting, she realised why she did not belong there: When I went to the women’s meeting … these people can afford to talk about this stuff, but I could lose my scholarship and be on the street. So I walked out, then didn’t go back. And that

in Crossing borders and queering citizenship
An Interview with Rainer Schlösser, Spokesperson of the Association of the Red Cross Museums in Germany (Arbeitsgemeinschaft der deutschen Rotkreuz-Museen)
Sönke Kunkel

series on the history of the Red Cross, together with the headquarters of the German Red Cross. Another thing we do is to organize tours to historic places like Solferino, Castiglione, Heiden, or Geneva. This is a really popular and successful program, I’d say. What we are still trying to develop is a line of cooperation with local schools. Students do come in occasionally for project work and we do cooperate with schools within a format called school medical service days, but we get few visits from school classes. So that’s something we may be working on. Finally I

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs
Nazanin Zadeh-Cummings and Lauren Harris

/or vulnerable North Koreans, but data from agencies working inside the country indicates that a prolonged situation of food insecurity and inadequate access to quality healthcare and hygiene facilities persists. 2 The international humanitarian system in the DPRK includes non-governmental organisations (NGOs), international organisations (IOs) and bilateral organisations. There is no known independent civil society in the DPRK. Humanitarians work with various national and local bodies to deliver their programmes. Humanitarian agencies began working in the country in the mid

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs
Brendan T. Lawson

being quantified. Joël Glasman’s (2020) recent book Humanitarianism and the Quantification of Humanitarian Needs adopts a historical and ethnographic approach to the emergence of quantitative standards in humanitarian emergency settings. It was the publication of this book, and its emphasis on thinking through contemporary questions of quantification through a historical perspective, that spurred the literature review laid here. The work of Glasman, and the

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs
Megan Daigle, Sarah Martin, and Henri Myrttinen

Introduction By its very nature – ostensibly, that of responding to natural and human-made crises – humanitarian, peacebuilding and (to a lesser extent) development work occurs in close proximity to potential danger. The degree of risk and danger to staff carrying out this kind of work in ‘the field’ has increased greatly over recent decades, due in part to the changing nature of conflict and in part to the rapidly increasing number of local and

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs
Four Conversations with Canadian Communications Officers
Dominique Marshall

Introduction ‘We are both storytellers and connectors.’ This is how Sara Falconer, Director, Digital Communications at the Canadian Red Cross (CRC), explains the convergence of interests between historians and humanitarian publicists. The involvement of Communication Officers has become a feature of the work of the Canadian Network on Humanitarian History (CNHH: https://aidhistory.ca/ ). Initiated by historians, archivists, and NGO employees a decade ago, the network has fostered a variety of projects, from the recording of stories of retired workers and

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs
Hakim Khaldi

Syrian branch of the Kurdistan Workers’ Party (PKK), the Kurdish Democratic Union Party (PYD), under the protection of the US army; the town of Qabassin during ISIL’s rise to power and, lastly, the government-controlled areas around Damascus. This account relates MSF’s work in each of these four areas. Occasional references are made to other MSF operational centres (Belgium, Spain, Holland and Switzerland), which carried out independent relief operations, while endeavouring

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs
Staff Security and Civilian Protection in the Humanitarian Sector
Miriam Bradley

policies for staff security and civilian protection, together with work examining how these policies are implemented on the ground (see, for example, Beerli, 2018 ; Bradley, 2016 ; Hoffmann, 2017 ; Neuman, 2016b ; Soussan, 2016 ; Sutton, 2018 ), provides much of the data for comparing ‘staff security’ and ‘civilian protection’ in this article. Such a comparison is novel, with existing comparisons focusing on the differential treatment of different

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs
Timothy Longman

conducted archival work, sorting through government documents in the regional office of Butare, the communal office of Nyakizu and several offices in other parts of the country to find letters, minutes from meetings and other documents related to security and violence. The bulk of this grass-roots research was completed within a year, but the book took several more years to complete, as Des Forges continued to chase down interviews and information across the globe. Appearing five years after the genocide, in 1999, Leave None to Tell immediately became the most

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs