, with an idea of addressing some of the underlying causes, very much the Anglo-American approach. Whereas the francophone approach was much more grounded in the cri du coeur , a moral outrage being expressed. Professionalization and bureaucratization of the organization pushed us to have a logical framework – with goals and targets – to be effective. One sphere was linked to abusesofpower, violence against civilians, etc.; the other sphere was a more generic defense of humanitarian law and principles, like ‘don’t bomb hospitals’ and that kind of thing.
Commissioner of Human Rights, ‘Democratic Republic of Congo, 1993–2003: Report of the Mapping Exercise documenting the most serious violations of human rights and international humanitarian law committed within the territory of the Democratic Republic of the Congo between March 1993 and June 2003’, Geneva: OHCHR, August 2010, www.ohchr.org/Documents/Countries/CD/DRC_MAPPING_REPORT_FINAL_EN.pdf (accessed 21 February 2019).
Most notable is Reyntjens (2013) who provides a detailed chronicle of abusesofpower by the RPF, including human rights abuses.
Frédéric Le Marcis, Luisa Enria, Sharon Abramowitz, Almudena-Mari Saez, and Sylvain Landry B. Faye
(1991–2002) was the culmination of decades of alienation and
socio-economic exclusion, and rebel factions directed their anger at representatives
of the ‘rotten system’, including chiefs, as symbols of abusesofpower and the marginalisation of youth ( Peters,
2011 ; Richards, 1996 ).
Questions of legitimacy resurfaced after the war as heated debates emerged around
the reconstitution of the chieftaincy. Despite pre-war abuses, populations
Protecting borders, confirming statehood and transforming economies?
Jenny H. Peterson
conflict economies. In their potential to both sever the links between the illicit
forms of trade that support political violence and corruption and to contribute
to a more equitable national economy, customs services can be seen as
contributing to more peaceful and just political-economic environments.
However, the primary role granted to reformed customs institutions is complicated by the past actions of many of these services. Potential abusesofpower
and involvement in war economies by customs agents has been well documented. Milosevic’s capturing of
environmental protection – largely through cooperation, occasionally through coercion. Nonetheless, the aim of this book is to show that law plays a significant role in curbing excesses and the abuseofpower, as well as facilitating the channelling of power to achieve those purposes. The opening chapter makes it clear that law and politics can be separated but it is important to understand their relationship, an understanding that provides the method behind this book; making the book attractive to non-lawyers, but also widening the law student’s horizons.
(MinisterPräsident) had been guilty of a serious abuseofpower (the Barschel/
Pfeiffer affair) led to a thorough revision of that Land’s Constitution
which included both far-reaching plebiscitary (direct democracy) features and provisions strengthening the parliament’s control over the
government (cabinet). The reforms contained in this Constitution have
since had a significant impact not only on the new Länder in the East
but also on Bremen, Hamburg, Lower Saxony, and Rhineland-Palatinate
in the West.
The second cause of a strong interest in Land constitutions was, of
This chapter opens with a discussion of the political importance of the
vocabulary and concepts available to us, and the ways in which knowledge is
bound up with power. It argues that man-made language and perspectives
cannot adequately express women’s experiences and needs, and that when
feminists ‘name’ men’s abuse of power, this is a first step towards ending
it. The next section focuses on feminist analyses of the ‘sex/gender
distinction’; it finds that, although this can be problematic and difficult
to sustain, it remains politically useful. The final section discusses the
importance of developing a woman-centred feminist vocabulary around ‘rape’
and ‘sexual harassment’ to enable us to see the extent of men’s sexual
violence by men against women, to link this with male power and to act
collectively to resist it (for example, through the #MeToo movement).
This book explores the reasons and justifications for the Chinese state’s campaign to erase Uyghur identity, focusing, in particular, on how China’s manipulation of the US-led Global War on Terror (GWOT) has facilitated this cultural genocide. It is the first book to address this issue in depth, and serves as an important rebuttal to Chinese state claims that this campaign is a benign effort to combat an existential extremist threat. While the book suggests that the motivation for this state-led campaign is primarily China’s gradual settler colonization of the Uyghur homeland, the text focuses on the narrative of the Uyghur terrorist threat that has provided international cover and justification for the campaign and has shaped its ‘biopolitical’ nature. It describes how the People’s Republic of China (PRC) was able to successfully implicate Uyghurs in GWOT and, despite a lack of evidence, brand them internationally as a serious terrorist threat within the first year of the war. In recounting these developments, the book offers a critique of existing literature on the Uyghur terrorist threat and questions the extent of this threat to the PRC. Finding no evidence for the existence of such a threat when the Chinese state first declared its existence in 2001, the book argues that a nominal Uyghur militant threat only emerged after over a decade of PRC suppression of Uyghur dissent in the name of counterterrorism, facilitating a ‘self-fulfilling prophecy’ that has served to justify further state repression and ultimately cultural genocide.
does not allow secession.
Given the strength of state identities, centre-state relations are not always
harmonious. It is an issue that has sometimes caused rancour. The constitution
had deliberately made the centre stronger than the states to prevent the disintegration of the Indian state. However, this sometimes led to the abuseofpower
such as the arbitrary dismissal of state governments. The problem was that the
political party that was in power at the national level also wanted to be in power
at the state level. Economic liberalization may reduce the financial
of justice, both
relating to the President’s affair with White House intern
Monica Lewinsky and his subsequent denials. They rejected
two other charges of perjury in another testimony and abuseofpower. In line with the procedures laid out in the
Constitution, the Senate then convened to try the President on
the impeachment charges. If President Clinton was found
guilty by the Senate he would have been the first President to
be removed from office by the United States Congress. The
trial was presided over by Supreme Court Chief Justice
William H. Rhenquist and all