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Jonathan Benthall

of power and stimulate business enterprise; and working at a local level to fortify grass-roots organizations, including women’s groups and zakat committees. As this book goes to press, the scale of trans-Mediterranean irregular migration and its consequences were finally becoming evident to all – with a parallel in South East Asia where the new ‘boat people’ in desperate

in Islamic charities and Islamic humanism in troubled times
The Manchester School, colonial and postcolonial transformations
Author: Richard Werbner

Anthropology after Gluckman places the intimate circle around Max Gluckman, his Manchester School, in the vanguard of modern social anthropology. The book discloses the School’s intense, argument-rich collaborations, developing beyond an original focus in south and central Africa. Where outsiders have seen dominating leadership by Gluckman, a common stock of problems, and much about conflict, Richard Werbner highlights how insiders were drawn to explore many new frontiers in fieldwork and in-depth, reflexive ethnography, because they themselves, in class and gender, ethnicity and national origins, were remarkably inclusive. Characteristically different anthropologists, their careers met the challenges of being a public intellectual, an international celebrity, an institutional good citizen, a social and political activist, an advocate of legal justice. Their living legacies are shown, for the first time, through interlinked social biography and intellectual history to reach broadly across politics, law, ritual, semiotics, development studies, comparative urbanism, social network analysis and mathematical sociology. Innovation – in research methods and techniques, in documenting people’s changing praxis and social relations, in comparative analysis and a destabilizing strategy of re-analysis within ethnography – became the School’s hallmark. Much of this exploration confronted troubling times in Africa, colonial and postcolonial, which put the anthropologists and their anthropological knowledge at risk. The resurgence of debate about decolonization makes the accounts of fierce, End of Empire argument and recent postcolonial anthropology all the more topical. The lessons, even in activism, for social scientists, teachers as well as graduate and undergraduate students are compelling for our own troubled times.

Given the significant similarities and differences between the welfare states of Northern Europe and their reactions to the perceived 'refugee crisis' of 2015, the book focuses primarily on the three main cases of Denmark, Sweden and Germany. Placed in a wider Northern European context – and illustrated by those chapters that also discuss refugee experiences in Norway and the UK – the Danish, Swedish and German cases are the largest case studies of this edited volume. Thus, the book contributes to debates on the governance of non-citizens and the meaning of displacement, mobility and seeking asylum by providing interdisciplinary analyses of a largely overlooked region of the world, with two specific aims. First, we scrutinize the construction of the 2015 crisis as a response to the large influx of refugees, paying particular attention to the disciplinary discourses and bureaucratic structures that are associated with it. Second, we investigate refugees’ encounters with these bureaucratic structures and consider how these encounters shape hopes for building a new life after displacement. This allows us to show that the mobility of specific segments of the world’s population continues to be seen as a threat and a risk that has to be governed and controlled. Focusing on the Northern European context, our volume interrogates emerging policies and discourses as well as the lived experiences of bureaucratization from the perspective of individuals who find themselves the very objects of bureaucracies.

Understanding changes in the legal landscape of sexual harassment in India
Rukmini Sen

Saksham report pointed to what is desirable for committees to do, the LoSHA moment alerted us to the impossibilities of doing so, and V.Geetha guided us towards introspection on how hierarchies are constituted. The Saksham report made a significant, separate assertion about research scholars: ‘Given the singular power that such faculty can have over the future of such students, an ethics of supervision that prevents the abuse of power through sexual harassment is required’ (UCG, 2013 : 5, emphasis in original). This is

in Intimacy and injury
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Shane Kilcommins, Susan Leahy, Kathleen Moore Walsh, and Eimear Spain

that never fully captures all of the relevant exigencies. Nevertheless, and despite these shortcomings, increasing juridification of the crime conflict is helping to overcome the previous ambivalence towards victims of crime. Juridification of this kind has also been scaffolded by a number of international legal instruments which have also promoted recognition of the needs of victims within criminal justice systems. The United Nations General Assembly, for example, adopted the Declaration of Basic Principles of Justice for Victims of Crime and Abuse of Power in

in The victim in the Irish criminal process
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Alison Phipps

our politics. We would need to let our ideas and actions be led by more marginalised people. We would need to work against how racial capitalism divides and stratifies us for profit. Sexual violence is a pivot for the intersecting sys­ tems of heteropatriarchy, racial capitalism and colonialism. And politically white feminism, whether mainstream or reactionary, fails to interrogate two of the three. It is complicit with the racial capitalism, and its colonial and neo-colonial expansion, which frames violent and sexually violent abuses of power. Instead of

in Me, not you
Role model, early leadership
Richard Werbner

of his own court in the midst of a vast multitude of his followers); the inquiry was so unsafe, so unjust, that it unwittingly exposed, Emanuel argued, a pernicious system of government under the Protectorate Administration. Emanuel’s story reveals how he fought tenaciously, in and out of court, and was eventually left unpaid a large sum of money, in defence of his clients’ right to live in peace, free of despotic abuse of power. In the early twentieth century, the Tuli Block was at a frontier between, on one side, the bounded land recognized by the Protectorate

in Anthropology after Gluckman
Anne-Marie Fortier

of citizenship, the gifting of citizenship reifies citizenship – particularly Anglo-European citizenships – as a valued stable object to ‘own’, therefore concealing its uncertainty. Moreover, the Windrush scandal is also living evidence of racial citizenship and the legacies of imperial Britain and anti-colonial struggles; the expulsion (actual or virtual) of Windrush citizens was not merely the product of mistakes, mismanagement or abuse of power. Rather, it resulted from the very racist state structures and governing practices that brought

in Uncertain citizenship
Richard Werbner

created force, has reconfigured personal knowledge in everyday life, shaping subjective, moral and religious realities around the uses and abuses of power (Worby 1998). The occult imaginary and degradation through witchcraft victimization are among the most contentious problematics of postcolonial anthropology (Niehaus 2001). Much has been written about Anthropology and the postcolonial the perceived resurgence of witchcraft as a topic of both academic and public discourse, and about the ambiguous topic of damage to others by occult means.1 Fisiy and Geschiere have

in Anthropology after Gluckman
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The future of Chinese marginality
Wing-Chung Ho

state of exception with increasing numbers of people being  reduced to homines sacri. Although Xi Jinping has repeatedly emphasized  the importance of “ruling the country in accordance with the law” (yifa zhiguo, 依法治國) and the “dream of [implementing] the constitution” (xianzheng meng, 憲政夢),2 respect for human rights in China has worsened since Xi became national leader in 2012. The regime has recently stepped up its abuse of power, using violence and arrests to repress human rights lawyers and grassroots labor activists. For example, in the week from July 9, 2015

in Occupational health and social estrangement in China